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#1 Le 23/09/2020, à 22:33

SarahLia

Erreur boot-repair

Bonjour,

Je veux mettre le grub après avoir installer Windows mais quand je lance boot-repair en session live ubuntu. Mais j'ai eu une erreur pendant la réparation.

Voici le fichier que l'on me donne:

boot-repair-4ppa125                                              [20200923_2130]

============================= Boot Repair Summary ==============================



Warning: The driver descriptor says the physical block size is 2048 bytes, but Linux says it is 512 bytes.
grub-probe : erreur : impossible de trouver un périphérique GRUB pour /dev/sdb1. Vérifiez device.map..
grub-probe : erreur : impossible de trouver un périphérique GRUB pour /dev/sdb1. Vérifiez device.map..

Recommended repair: ____________________________________________________________

The default repair of the Boot-Repair utility will reinstall the grub2 of
sda1 into the MBR of sda.
Additional repair will be performed: unhide-bootmenu-10s



========================= Reinstall the grub2 of sda1 ==========================

grub-install --version
grub-install (GRUB) 2.02-2ubuntu8.18

==> Reinstall the GRUB of sda1 into the MBR of sda

grub-install /dev/sda
Installing for i386-pc platform.
Installation finished. No error reported.

chroot /mnt/boot-sav/sda1 update-grub
Sourcing file `/etc/default/grub'
Generating grub configuration file ...
Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.15.0-117-generic
Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.15.0-117-generic
Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.15.0-96-generic
Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.15.0-96-generic
Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-4.15.0-88-generic
Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-4.15.0-88-generic
Found memtest86+ image: /boot/memtest86+.elf
Found memtest86+ image: /boot/memtest86+.bin
grub-probe: error: cannot find a GRUB drive for /dev/sdb1.  Check your device.map.
Found Windows 10 on /dev/sda2
Found Windows 10 on /dev/sda3

Unhide GRUB boot menu in sda1/boot/grub/grub.cfg

Une erreur est survenue pendant la réparation.

Vous pouvez maintenant redémarrer votre ordinateur.


============================ Boot Info After Repair ============================

 => Grub2 (v2.00) is installed in the MBR of /dev/sda and looks at sector 1 of 
    the same hard drive for core.img. core.img is at this location and looks 
    for (,msdos1)/boot/grub. It also embeds following components:
    
    modules
    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    fshelp ext2 part_msdos biosdisk
    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

sda1: __________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       ext4
    Boot sector type:  -
    Boot sector info: 
    Operating System:  Ubuntu 18.04.5 LTS
    Boot files:        /boot/grub/grub.cfg /etc/fstab /etc/default/grub 
                       /boot/grub/i386-pc/core.img

sda2: __________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       ntfs
    Boot sector type:  Windows 8/2012: NTFS
    Boot sector info:  No errors found in the Boot Parameter Block.
    Operating System:  
    Boot files:        /bootmgr /Boot/BCD

sda3: __________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       ntfs
    Boot sector type:  Windows 8/2012: NTFS
    Boot sector info:  No errors found in the Boot Parameter Block.
    Operating System:  Windows 8 or 10
    Boot files:        /bootmgr /Boot/BCD /Windows/System32/winload.exe

sda4: __________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       ntfs
    Boot sector type:  Windows 8/2012: NTFS
    Boot sector info:  No errors found in the Boot Parameter Block.
    Operating System:  
    Boot files:        

sdb: ___________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       iso9660
    Boot sector type:  Unknown
    Boot sector info: 
    Operating System:  
    Boot files:        /boot/grub/grub.cfg


================================ 3 OS detected =================================

OS#1:   Ubuntu 18.04.5 LTS on sda1
OS#2:   Windows 10 (boot) on sda2
OS#3:   Windows 10 on sda3

============================ Architecture/Host Info ============================

CPU architecture: 64-bit
Live-session OS is Ubuntu 64-bit (Ubuntu 18.04.5 LTS, bionic, x86_64)


===================================== UEFI =====================================

This live-session is not in EFI-mode.



============================= Drive/Partition Info =============================

Disks info: ____________________________________________________________________

sda	: notGPT,	no-BIOSboot,	has-noESP, 	not-usb,	not-mmc, has-os,	2048 sectors * 512 bytes

Partitions info (1/3): _________________________________________________________

sda1	: is-os,	64, apt-get,	grub-pc ,	grub2,	grub-install,	grubenv-ok,	update-grub,	farbios
sda2	: is-os,	32, nopakmgr,	no-docgrub,	nogrub,	nogrubinstall,	no-grubenv,	noupdategrub,	farbios
sda3	: is-os,	32, nopakmgr,	no-docgrub,	nogrub,	nogrubinstall,	no-grubenv,	noupdategrub,	farbios
sda4	: no-os,	32, nopakmgr,	no-docgrub,	nogrub,	nogrubinstall,	no-grubenv,	noupdategrub,	farbios

Partitions info (2/3): _________________________________________________________

sda1	: isnotESP,	fstab-without-efi,	no-nt,	no-winload,	no-recov-nor-hid,	no-bmgr,	notwinboot
sda2	: isnotESP,	part-has-no-fstab,	no-nt,	no-winload,	no-recov-nor-hid,	bootmgr,	is-winboot
sda3	: isnotESP,	part-has-no-fstab,	no-nt,	haswinload,	no-recov-nor-hid,	bootmgr,	is-winboot
sda4	: isnotESP,	part-has-no-fstab,	no-nt,	no-winload,	recovery-or-hidden,	no-bmgr,	notwinboot

Partitions info (3/3): _________________________________________________________

sda1	: not-sepboot,	with-boot,	fstab-without-boot,	not-sep-usr,	with--usr,	fstab-without-usr,	std-grub.d,	sda
sda2	: not-sepboot,	no-boot,	part-has-no-fstab,	not-sep-usr,	no---usr,	part-has-no-fstab,	std-grub.d,	sda
sda3	: not-sepboot,	no-boot,	part-has-no-fstab,	not-sep-usr,	no---usr,	part-has-no-fstab,	std-grub.d,	sda
sda4	: not-sepboot,	no-boot,	part-has-no-fstab,	not-sep-usr,	no---usr,	part-has-no-fstab,	std-grub.d,	sda

fdisk -l (filtered): ___________________________________________________________

Disk sda: 931.5 GiB, 1000204886016 bytes, 1953525168 sectors
Disk identifier: 0xb00e0b39
      Boot      Start        End    Sectors   Size Id Type
sda1             2048 1134323711 1134321664 540.9G 83 Linux
sda2  *    1134323712 1134426111     102400    50M  7 HPFS/NTFS/exFAT
sda3       1134426112 1952456057  818029946 390.1G  7 HPFS/NTFS/exFAT
sda4       1952456704 1953519615    1062912   519M 27 Hidden NTFS WinRE
Disk sdb: 58.6 GiB, 62914560000 bytes, 122880000 sectors
Disk identifier: 0x483122d5
      Boot Start     End Sectors  Size Id Type
sdb1  *        0 4284223 4284224    2G  0 Empty
sdb2       13784   18711    4928  2.4M ef EFI (FAT-12/16/32)

parted -lm (filtered): _________________________________________________________

sda:1000GB:scsi:512:4096:msdos:ATA TOSHIBA HDWL110:;
1:1049kB:581GB:581GB:ext4::;
2:581GB:581GB:52.4MB:ntfs::boot;
3:581GB:1000GB:419GB:ntfs::;
4:1000GB:1000GB:544MB:ntfs::diag;
sdb:62.9GB:scsi:512:512:unknown:VendorCo ProductCode:;

blkid (filtered): ______________________________________________________________

NAME   FSTYPE   UUID                                 PARTUUID                             LABEL                    PARTLABEL
sda                                                                                                                
├─sda1 ext4     21fbeef8-c998-4f29-97ce-075e80ed39d1 b00e0b39-01                                                   
├─sda2 ntfs     A8E6D2C5E6D29344                     b00e0b39-02                          Réservé au système       
├─sda3 ntfs     DE88D46288D43B2B                     b00e0b39-03                                                   
└─sda4 ntfs     E8CC5D2CCC5CF672                     b00e0b39-04                                                   
sdb    iso9660  2020-08-06-22-59-01-00                                                    Ubuntu 18.04.5 LTS amd64 
├─sdb1 iso9660  2020-08-06-22-59-01-00               483122d5-01                          Ubuntu 18.04.5 LTS amd64 
└─sdb2 vfat     EC34-71CF                            483122d5-02                          Ubuntu 18.04.5 LTS amd64 

df (filtered): _________________________________________________________________

        Avail Use% Mounted on
sda1   421.3G  16% /mnt/boot-sav/sda1
sda2    23.7M  53% /mnt/boot-sav/sda2
sda3   371.5G   5% /mnt/boot-sav/sda3
sda4    86.4M  83% /mnt/boot-sav/sda4
sdb         0 100% /cdrom

Mount options: __________________________________________________________________

sda1   rw,relatime
sda2   rw,relatime,user_id=0,group_id=0,allow_other,blksize=4096
sda3   rw,relatime,user_id=0,group_id=0,allow_other,blksize=4096
sda4   rw,relatime,user_id=0,group_id=0,allow_other,blksize=4096
sdb    ro,noatime,nojoliet,check=s,map=n,blocksize=2048

====================== sda1/boot/grub/grub.cfg (filtered) ======================

Ubuntu   21fbeef8-c998-4f29-97ce-075e80ed39d1
Ubuntu, with Linux 4.15.0-117-generic   21fbeef8-c998-4f29-97ce-075e80ed39d1
Ubuntu, with Linux 4.15.0-96-generic   21fbeef8-c998-4f29-97ce-075e80ed39d1
Ubuntu, with Linux 4.15.0-88-generic   21fbeef8-c998-4f29-97ce-075e80ed39d1
Windows 10 (on sda2)   A8E6D2C5E6D29344
Windows 10 (on sda3)   DE88D46288D43B2B
### END /etc/grub.d/30_os-prober ###
### END /etc/grub.d/30_uefi-firmware ###

========================== sda1/etc/fstab (filtered) ===========================

# <file system> <mount point>   <type>  <options>       <dump>  <pass>
# / was on /dev/sdb1 during installation
UUID=21fbeef8-c998-4f29-97ce-075e80ed39d1 /               ext4    errors=remount-ro 0       1
/swapfile                                 none            swap    sw              0       0

======================= sda1/etc/default/grub (filtered) =======================

GRUB_DEFAULT=0
GRUB_TIMEOUT_STYLE=hidden
GRUB_TIMEOUT=10
GRUB_DISTRIBUTOR=`lsb_release -i -s 2> /dev/null || echo Debian`
GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT="quiet splash"
GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=""

==================== sda1: Location of files loaded by Grub ====================

           GiB - GB             File                                 Fragment(s)
   0.000988007 = 0.001060864    boot/grub/grub.cfg                             1
 436.269088745 = 468.440367104  boot/grub/i386-pc/core.img                     1
  47.477535248 = 50.978615296   boot/vmlinuz-4.15.0-117-generic                2
 385.809551239 = 414.259851264  boot/vmlinuz-4.15.0-88-generic                 1
   5.985347748 = 6.426718208    boot/vmlinuz-4.15.0-96-generic                 2
  47.477535248 = 50.978615296   vmlinuz                                        2
   5.985347748 = 6.426718208    vmlinuz.old                                    2
   4.874019623 = 5.233438720    boot/initrd.img-4.15.0-117-generic             4
   6.121047974 = 6.572425216    boot/initrd.img-4.15.0-88-generic              4
   6.941387177 = 7.453257728    boot/initrd.img-4.15.0-96-generic              4
   4.874019623 = 5.233438720    initrd.img                                     4
   6.941387177 = 7.453257728    initrd.img.old                                 4

===================== sda1: ls -l /etc/grub.d/ (filtered) ======================

-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 12808 août  24 08:45 10_linux
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 11298 juil. 17  2018 20_linux_xen
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 12059 juil. 17  2018 30_os-prober
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  1418 juil. 17  2018 30_uefi-firmware
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root   214 juil. 17  2018 40_custom
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root   216 juil. 17  2018 41_custom

====================== sdb/boot/grub/grub.cfg (filtered) =======================

Try Ubuntu without installing
Install Ubuntu
OEM install (for manufacturers)
Check disc for defects

==================== sdb: Location of files loaded by Grub =====================

           GiB - GB             File                                 Fragment(s)
            ?? = ??             boot/grub/grub.cfg                             1


======================== Unknown MBRs/Boot Sectors/etc =========================

Unknown BootLoader on sdb

00000000  45 52 08 00 00 00 90 90  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |ER..............|
00000010  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |................|
00000020  33 ed fa 8e d5 bc 00 7c  fb fc 66 31 db 66 31 c9  |3......|..f1.f1.|
00000030  66 53 66 51 06 57 8e dd  8e c5 52 be 00 7c bf 00  |fSfQ.W....R..|..|
00000040  06 b9 00 01 f3 a5 ea 4b  06 00 00 52 b4 41 bb aa  |.......K...R.A..|
00000050  55 31 c9 30 f6 f9 cd 13  72 16 81 fb 55 aa 75 10  |U1.0....r...U.u.|
00000060  83 e1 01 74 0b 66 c7 06  f3 06 b4 42 eb 15 eb 02  |...t.f.....B....|
00000070  31 c9 5a 51 b4 08 cd 13  5b 0f b6 c6 40 50 83 e1  |1.ZQ....[...@P..|
00000080  3f 51 f7 e1 53 52 50 bb  00 7c b9 04 00 66 a1 b0  |?Q..SRP..|...f..|
00000090  07 e8 44 00 0f 82 80 00  66 40 80 c7 02 e2 f2 66  |..D.....f@.....f|
000000a0  81 3e 40 7c fb c0 78 70  75 09 fa bc ec 7b ea 44  |.>@|..xpu....{.D|
000000b0  7c 00 00 e8 83 00 69 73  6f 6c 69 6e 75 78 2e 62  ||.....isolinux.b|
000000c0  69 6e 20 6d 69 73 73 69  6e 67 20 6f 72 20 63 6f  |in missing or co|
000000d0  72 72 75 70 74 2e 0d 0a  66 60 66 31 d2 66 03 06  |rrupt...f`f1.f..|
000000e0  f8 7b 66 13 16 fc 7b 66  52 66 50 06 53 6a 01 6a  |.{f...{fRfP.Sj.j|
000000f0  10 89 e6 66 f7 36 e8 7b  c0 e4 06 88 e1 88 c5 92  |...f.6.{........|
00000100  f6 36 ee 7b 88 c6 08 e1  41 b8 01 02 8a 16 f2 7b  |.6.{....A......{|
00000110  cd 13 8d 64 10 66 61 c3  e8 1e 00 4f 70 65 72 61  |...d.fa....Opera|
00000120  74 69 6e 67 20 73 79 73  74 65 6d 20 6c 6f 61 64  |ting system load|
00000130  20 65 72 72 6f 72 2e 0d  0a 5e ac b4 0e 8a 3e 62  | error...^....>b|
00000140  04 b3 07 cd 10 3c 0a 75  f1 cd 18 f4 eb fd 00 00  |.....<.u........|
00000150  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |................|
*
000001b0  94 80 00 00 00 00 00 00  d5 22 31 48 00 00 80 00  |........."1H....|
000001c0  01 00 00 82 e0 fd 00 00  00 00 40 5f 41 00 00 fe  |..........@_A...|
000001d0  ff ff ef fe ff ff d8 35  00 00 40 13 00 00 00 00  |.......5..@.....|
000001e0  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |................|
000001f0  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 55 aa  |..............U.|
00000200


=============================== StdErr Messages ================================

File descriptor 63 (pipe:[128580]) leaked on lvs invocation. Parent PID 10657: /bin/bash

Je ne sais pas ce que je dois faire.

Merci

Hors ligne

#2 Le 24/09/2020, à 08:11

malbo

Re : Erreur boot-repair

Bonjour,
Je suppose que c'est cette ligne qui t'inquiète :

Une erreur est survenue pendant la réparation.

Mais en fait, la réparation de Grub s'est bien passée comme tu peux lire un peu plus haut :

==> Reinstall the GRUB of sda1 into the MBR of sda

grub-install /dev/sda
Installing for i386-pc platform.
Installation finished. No error reported.

C'est cette ligne qui doit pointer l'erreur :

grub-probe: error: cannot find a GRUB drive for /dev/sdb1.  Check your device.map.

Mais on s'en fout de /dev/sdb1. Pour moi, la réparation s'est bien passée et ça devrait bien fonctionner au redémarrage. Raconte.

Hors ligne

#3 Le 24/09/2020, à 09:54

SarahLia

Re : Erreur boot-repair

Donc je n'ai pas de commande a lancer alors?

Hors ligne

#4 Le 24/09/2020, à 18:30

malbo

Re : Erreur boot-repair

J'ai du mal à comprendre. Est-ce que tu arrives à démarrer sur Ubuntu installé ou non ?

Hors ligne