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#1 Le 21/07/2018, à 18:55

julien4403

Que faut-il faire après l'installation d'Ubuntu sur PC Portable ?

Bonjour, je viens d'installer Ubuntu en dual-boot avec Windows sur mon pc portable, le HP Pavilion 14-bf013nf pour pouvoir l'utiliser l'année prochaine en DUT Informatique
Je connais très peu Ubuntu et je constate après l'installation que l'autonomie de mon Pc est fortement plus faible sous Ubuntu que sous Windows. De plus, mon Pc a tendance a chauffé plus et le ventilateur tourne plus fort.
Pouvez-vous me donner des conseils sur ce que je dois faire après l'installation de Ubuntu pour que mon pc tourne aussi bien que sous Windows (mise a jour de drivers, méthodes pour l'optimiser)
Merci d'avance
Julien

Hors ligne

#2 Le 21/07/2018, à 19:04

heronheronpetitpatapon

Re : Que faut-il faire après l'installation d'Ubuntu sur PC Portable ?

Bonjur Julien4403, bienvenue sur Ubuntu et dans le monde Open Source. Alors ce que tu peux faire!
Déjà vérifier la présence de mises à jours. Ouvre un terminale et tape la ligne suivante :

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade

Si tu trouves que ton pc chauffe tape, toujours dans un terminal, la ligne suivante, pour activer les sondes de températures :

sudo apt-get install lm-sensors

Pour lancer la commande et voir la température, il te suffit d'ouvrir un terminal et de taper

sensors

Tu peux vérifier la température de tes processeurs aussi sur Windows avec des logiciels comme Hardware Monitor! Plus d'info sur cette page : https://www.commentcamarche.com/faq/160-connaitre-la-temperature-de-son-pc-processeur

Si tu veux plus d'indication sur ce qu'il est souhaitable de faire après avoir installé Ubuntu, ce site te donnera quelques indications :
https://www.omgubuntu.co.uk/2018/04/thi … untu-18-04
Ciao smile
Heronheronpetitpatapon

Dernière modification par heronheronpetitpatapon (Le 21/07/2018, à 19:04)


...Ubuntu Rocks....

Hors ligne

#3 Le 21/07/2018, à 21:02

yano1966

Re : Que faut-il faire après l'installation d'Ubuntu sur PC Portable ?

Depuis 10 ans que j'utilise Ubuntu et dérivées Debian sur plusieurs machines, les ventilos ont toujours fait beaucoup plus de bruit que sous Win... Ça vient des pilotes moins performants pour des cartes optimisées pour DirectX...

Dernière modification par yano1966 (Le 21/07/2018, à 21:03)


PC Assemblé P55-USB3 - intel i7 870 - 8Go -  AMD HD6970 - DD : 500Gb + 1Tb - Linux Mint 19 Cinnamon 64-bit "Tara".
Dell Dimension 5150 - Pentium D - 3,5Go - Radeon HD5450 - DD: 160Gb - Linux Mint 19 Cinnamon 64-bit "Tara".

Hors ligne

#4 Le 22/07/2018, à 00:16

Coeur Noir

Re : Que faut-il faire après l'installation d'Ubuntu sur PC Portable ?

https://doc.ubuntu-fr.org/tlp c'est parfois installé par défaut dans certaines variantes ( Budgie, par ex. )

Hors ligne

#5 Le 22/07/2018, à 09:12

malbo

Re : Que faut-il faire après l'installation d'Ubuntu sur PC Portable ?

Bonjour,
Depuis une session de ton Ubuntu fraîchement installé, je te prie de faire un Boot-Info et de donner l'URL de ce Boot-Info dans ta réponse.
Motifs de ma demande :
- vérifier que tu n'as pas un paramètre de noyau indésirable qui pourrait être à l'origine de ton problème.
- avoir un exemple d'installation dans ton modèle parce que j'ai l'intention d'ajouter le modèle HP Pavilion 14-bf013nf dans la Liste des portables HP. C'est toujours intéressant pour quelqu'un qui aurait ce même modèle, surtout pour un dual-boot avec Windows.

Dernière modification par malbo (Le 22/07/2018, à 09:18)

Hors ligne

#6 Le 26/07/2018, à 12:21

julien4403

Re : Que faut-il faire après l'installation d'Ubuntu sur PC Portable ?

Merci a tous pour vos informations, j'ai effectué les mises à jour et quelques autres paramètres, concernant la température pour l'instant ca va. J'ai effectué le Boot-Info et voila ce que j'ai obtenu : http://paste.ubuntu.com/p/ZQftdGkXX6/
Est-ce que vous détecter des erreurs avec ce Boot-Info ?
Merci d'avance

Hors ligne

#7 Le 26/07/2018, à 13:26

julien4403

Re : Que faut-il faire après l'installation d'Ubuntu sur PC Portable ?

J'ai effectué les tests de températures sur Ubuntu et Windows et j'obtiens cela.
J'observe que sur Ubuntu que mon processeur monte a 100° au maximum alors que sur Windows il monte a seulement 68° maximum
Est-ce normal ?

Hors ligne

#8 Le 26/07/2018, à 13:33

malbo

Re : Que faut-il faire après l'installation d'Ubuntu sur PC Portable ?

Bonjour,
Ton Boot-Info est là :

 Boot Info Script 8f991e4 + Boot-Repair extra info      [Boot-Info 25oct2017]


============================= Boot Info Summary: ===============================

 => No boot loader is installed in the MBR of /dev/sda.
 => No boot loader is installed in the MBR of /dev/sdb.

sda1: __________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       vfat
    Boot sector type:  FAT32
    Boot sector info:  No errors found in the Boot Parameter Block.
    Operating System:  
    Boot files:        /EFI/ubuntu/grub.cfg /EFI/BOOT/fbx64.efi 
                       /EFI/ubuntu/fwupx64.efi /EFI/ubuntu/grubx64.efi 
                       /EFI/ubuntu/mmx64.efi /EFI/ubuntu/shimx64.efi

sda2: __________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       ntfs
    Boot sector type:  Windows 8/2012: NTFS
    Boot sector info:  No errors found in the Boot Parameter Block.
    Operating System:  
    Boot files:        

sda3: __________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       ext4
    Boot sector type:  -
    Boot sector info: 
    Operating System:  Ubuntu 18.04.1 LTS
    Boot files:        /boot/grub/grub.cfg /etc/fstab

sdb1: __________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       ntfs
    Boot sector type:  Windows 8/2012: NTFS
    Boot sector info:  No errors found in the Boot Parameter Block.
    Operating System:  
    Boot files:        

sdb2: __________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       vfat
    Boot sector type:  Windows 8/2012: FAT32
    Boot sector info:  No errors found in the Boot Parameter Block.
    Operating System:  
    Boot files:        /EFI/Boot/bootx64.efi /EFI/Microsoft/Boot/bootmgfw.efi 
                       /EFI/Microsoft/Boot/bootmgr.efi 
                       /EFI/Microsoft/Boot/memtest.efi

sdb3: __________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       
    Boot sector type:  -
    Boot sector info: 
    Mounting failed:   mount: /mnt/BootInfo/sdb3: unknown filesystem type ''.

sdb4: __________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       ntfs
    Boot sector type:  Windows 8/2012: NTFS
    Boot sector info:  No errors found in the Boot Parameter Block.
    Operating System:  
    Boot files:        /Windows/System32/winload.exe

============================ Drive/Partition Info: =============================

Drive: sda _____________________________________________________________________
Disk /dev/sda: 931.5 GiB, 1000204886016 bytes, 1953525168 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disklabel type: gpt

Partition  Boot  Start Sector    End Sector  # of Sectors  Id System

/dev/sda1                   1 1,953,525,167 1,953,525,167  ee GPT


GUID Partition Table detected.

Partition  Attrs   Start Sector    End Sector  # of Sectors System
/dev/sda1                 2,048     1,050,623     1,048,576 EFI System partition
/dev/sda2           245,762,048 1,953,521,663 1,707,759,616 Data partition (Windows/Linux)
/dev/sda3             1,050,624   245,762,047   244,711,424 Data partition (Linux)

Attributes: R=Required, N=No Block IO, B=Legacy BIOS Bootable, +=More bits set

Drive: sdb _____________________________________________________________________
Disk /dev/sdb: 119.2 GiB, 128035676160 bytes, 250069680 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disklabel type: gpt

Partition  Boot  Start Sector    End Sector  # of Sectors  Id System

/dev/sdb1                   1 4,294,967,295 4,294,967,295  ee GPT

/dev/sdb1 ends after the last sector of /dev/sdb

GUID Partition Table detected.

Partition  Attrs   Start Sector    End Sector  # of Sectors System
/dev/sdb1   +  R          2,048     1,023,999     1,021,952 Windows Recovery Environment (Windows)
/dev/sdb2   +         1,024,000     1,228,799       204,800 EFI System partition
/dev/sdb3   +         1,228,800     1,261,567        32,768 Microsoft Reserved Partition (Windows)
/dev/sdb4             1,261,568   250,068,991   248,807,424 Data partition (Windows/Linux)

Attributes: R=Required, N=No Block IO, B=Legacy BIOS Bootable, +=More bits set

"blkid" output: ________________________________________________________________

Device           UUID                                   TYPE       LABEL

/dev/loop0                                              squashfs   
/dev/loop1                                              squashfs   
/dev/loop10                                             squashfs   
/dev/loop11                                             squashfs   
/dev/loop12                                             squashfs   
/dev/loop13                                             squashfs   
/dev/loop2                                              squashfs   
/dev/loop3                                              squashfs   
/dev/loop4                                              squashfs   
/dev/loop5                                              squashfs   
/dev/loop6                                              squashfs   
/dev/loop7                                              squashfs   
/dev/loop8                                              squashfs   
/dev/loop9                                              squashfs   
/dev/sda1        1379-7FAC                              vfat       
/dev/sda2        1630AE0530ADEBC5                       ntfs       Documents
/dev/sda3        482df906-c52d-4d7e-9985-104453aa06f2   ext4       
/dev/sdb1        C2C0113AC01135DF                       ntfs       Récupération
/dev/sdb2        FE12-2E2F                              vfat       
/dev/sdb3                                                          
/dev/sdb4        5CB616CCB616A714                       ntfs       

========================= "ls -l /dev/disk/by-id" output: ======================

total 0
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root  9 Jul 26 12:13 ata-SanDisk_SD9SN8W-128G-1006_180207801032 -> ../../sdb
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Jul 26 12:19 ata-SanDisk_SD9SN8W-128G-1006_180207801032-part1 -> ../../sdb1
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Jul 26 12:19 ata-SanDisk_SD9SN8W-128G-1006_180207801032-part2 -> ../../sdb2
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Jul 26 12:19 ata-SanDisk_SD9SN8W-128G-1006_180207801032-part3 -> ../../sdb3
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Jul 26 12:19 ata-SanDisk_SD9SN8W-128G-1006_180207801032-part4 -> ../../sdb4
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root  9 Jul 26 12:19 ata-TOSHIBA_MQ04ABF100_28PRPNVXT -> ../../sda
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Jul 26 12:19 ata-TOSHIBA_MQ04ABF100_28PRPNVXT-part1 -> ../../sda1
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Jul 26 12:19 ata-TOSHIBA_MQ04ABF100_28PRPNVXT-part2 -> ../../sda2
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Jul 26 12:19 ata-TOSHIBA_MQ04ABF100_28PRPNVXT-part3 -> ../../sda3
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root  9 Jul 26 12:19 wwn-0x5000039852e8a1dc -> ../../sda
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Jul 26 12:19 wwn-0x5000039852e8a1dc-part1 -> ../../sda1
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Jul 26 12:19 wwn-0x5000039852e8a1dc-part2 -> ../../sda2
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Jul 26 12:19 wwn-0x5000039852e8a1dc-part3 -> ../../sda3
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root  9 Jul 26 12:13 wwn-0x5001b448b61ad186 -> ../../sdb
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Jul 26 12:19 wwn-0x5001b448b61ad186-part1 -> ../../sdb1
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Jul 26 12:19 wwn-0x5001b448b61ad186-part2 -> ../../sdb2
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Jul 26 12:19 wwn-0x5001b448b61ad186-part3 -> ../../sdb3
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Jul 26 12:19 wwn-0x5001b448b61ad186-part4 -> ../../sdb4

================================ Mount points: =================================

Device           Mount_Point              Type       Options

/dev/sda1        /boot/efi                vfat       (rw,relatime,fmask=0077,dmask=0077,codepage=437,iocharset=iso8859-1,shortname=mixed,errors=remount-ro)
/dev/sda3        /                        ext4       (rw,relatime,errors=remount-ro,data=ordered)


========================== sda1/EFI/ubuntu/grub.cfg: ===========================

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
search.fs_uuid 482df906-c52d-4d7e-9985-104453aa06f2 root hd0,gpt3 
set prefix=($root)'/boot/grub'
configfile $prefix/grub.cfg
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

=========================== sda3/boot/grub/grub.cfg: ===========================

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
# DO NOT EDIT THIS FILE
#
# It is automatically generated by grub-mkconfig using templates
# from /etc/grub.d and settings from /etc/default/grub
#

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/00_header ###
if [ -s $prefix/grubenv ]; then
  set have_grubenv=true
  load_env
fi
if [ "${next_entry}" ] ; then
   set default="${next_entry}"
   set next_entry=
   save_env next_entry
   set boot_once=true
else
   set default="0"
fi

if [ x"${feature_menuentry_id}" = xy ]; then
  menuentry_id_option="--id"
else
  menuentry_id_option=""
fi

export menuentry_id_option

if [ "${prev_saved_entry}" ]; then
  set saved_entry="${prev_saved_entry}"
  save_env saved_entry
  set prev_saved_entry=
  save_env prev_saved_entry
  set boot_once=true
fi

function savedefault {
  if [ -z "${boot_once}" ]; then
    saved_entry="${chosen}"
    save_env saved_entry
  fi
}
function recordfail {
  set recordfail=1
  if [ -n "${have_grubenv}" ]; then if [ -z "${boot_once}" ]; then save_env recordfail; fi; fi
}
function load_video {
  if [ x$feature_all_video_module = xy ]; then
    insmod all_video
  else
    insmod efi_gop
    insmod efi_uga
    insmod ieee1275_fb
    insmod vbe
    insmod vga
    insmod video_bochs
    insmod video_cirrus
  fi
}

if [ x$feature_default_font_path = xy ] ; then
   font=unicode
else
insmod part_gpt
insmod ext2
set root='hd0,gpt3'
if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,gpt3 --hint-efi=hd0,gpt3 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,gpt3  482df906-c52d-4d7e-9985-104453aa06f2
else
  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root 482df906-c52d-4d7e-9985-104453aa06f2
fi
    font="/usr/share/grub/unicode.pf2"
fi

if loadfont $font ; then
  set gfxmode=auto
  load_video
  insmod gfxterm
  set locale_dir=$prefix/locale
  set lang=fr_FR
  insmod gettext
fi
terminal_output gfxterm
if [ "${recordfail}" = 1 ] ; then
  set timeout=30
else
  if [ x$feature_timeout_style = xy ] ; then
    set timeout_style=hidden
    set timeout=10
  # Fallback hidden-timeout code in case the timeout_style feature is
  # unavailable.
  elif sleep --interruptible 10 ; then
    set timeout=0
  fi
fi
### END /etc/grub.d/00_header ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/05_debian_theme ###
set menu_color_normal=white/black
set menu_color_highlight=black/light-gray
if background_color 44,0,30,0; then
  clear
fi
### END /etc/grub.d/05_debian_theme ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/10_linux ###
function gfxmode {
	set gfxpayload="${1}"
	if [ "${1}" = "keep" ]; then
		set vt_handoff=vt.handoff=1
	else
		set vt_handoff=
	fi
}
if [ "${recordfail}" != 1 ]; then
  if [ -e ${prefix}/gfxblacklist.txt ]; then
    if hwmatch ${prefix}/gfxblacklist.txt 3; then
      if [ ${match} = 0 ]; then
        set linux_gfx_mode=keep
      else
        set linux_gfx_mode=text
      fi
    else
      set linux_gfx_mode=text
    fi
  else
    set linux_gfx_mode=keep
  fi
else
  set linux_gfx_mode=text
fi
export linux_gfx_mode
menuentry 'Ubuntu' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-simple-482df906-c52d-4d7e-9985-104453aa06f2' {
	recordfail
	load_video
	gfxmode $linux_gfx_mode
	insmod gzio
	if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
	insmod part_gpt
	insmod ext2
	set root='hd0,gpt3'
	if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,gpt3 --hint-efi=hd0,gpt3 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,gpt3  482df906-c52d-4d7e-9985-104453aa06f2
	else
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root 482df906-c52d-4d7e-9985-104453aa06f2
	fi
        linux	/boot/vmlinuz-4.15.0-29-generic root=UUID=482df906-c52d-4d7e-9985-104453aa06f2 ro  quiet splash $vt_handoff
	initrd	/boot/initrd.img-4.15.0-29-generic
}
submenu 'Options avancées pour Ubuntu' $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-advanced-482df906-c52d-4d7e-9985-104453aa06f2' {
	menuentry 'Ubuntu, avec Linux 4.15.0-29-generic' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-4.15.0-29-generic-advanced-482df906-c52d-4d7e-9985-104453aa06f2' {
		recordfail
		load_video
		gfxmode $linux_gfx_mode
		insmod gzio
		if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
		insmod part_gpt
		insmod ext2
		set root='hd0,gpt3'
		if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,gpt3 --hint-efi=hd0,gpt3 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,gpt3  482df906-c52d-4d7e-9985-104453aa06f2
		else
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root 482df906-c52d-4d7e-9985-104453aa06f2
		fi
		echo	'Chargement de Linux 4.15.0-29-generic…'
	        linux	/boot/vmlinuz-4.15.0-29-generic root=UUID=482df906-c52d-4d7e-9985-104453aa06f2 ro  quiet splash $vt_handoff
		echo	'Chargement du disque mémoire initial…'
		initrd	/boot/initrd.img-4.15.0-29-generic
	}
	menuentry 'Ubuntu, with Linux 4.15.0-29-generic (recovery mode)' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-4.15.0-29-generic-recovery-482df906-c52d-4d7e-9985-104453aa06f2' {
		recordfail
		load_video
		insmod gzio
		if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
		insmod part_gpt
		insmod ext2
		set root='hd0,gpt3'
		if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,gpt3 --hint-efi=hd0,gpt3 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,gpt3  482df906-c52d-4d7e-9985-104453aa06f2
		else
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root 482df906-c52d-4d7e-9985-104453aa06f2
		fi
		echo	'Chargement de Linux 4.15.0-29-generic…'
	        linux	/boot/vmlinuz-4.15.0-29-generic root=UUID=482df906-c52d-4d7e-9985-104453aa06f2 ro recovery nomodeset 
		echo	'Chargement du disque mémoire initial…'
		initrd	/boot/initrd.img-4.15.0-29-generic
	}
	menuentry 'Ubuntu, avec Linux 4.15.0-23-generic' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-4.15.0-23-generic-advanced-482df906-c52d-4d7e-9985-104453aa06f2' {
		recordfail
		load_video
		gfxmode $linux_gfx_mode
		insmod gzio
		if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
		insmod part_gpt
		insmod ext2
		set root='hd0,gpt3'
		if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,gpt3 --hint-efi=hd0,gpt3 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,gpt3  482df906-c52d-4d7e-9985-104453aa06f2
		else
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root 482df906-c52d-4d7e-9985-104453aa06f2
		fi
		echo	'Chargement de Linux 4.15.0-23-generic…'
	        linux	/boot/vmlinuz-4.15.0-23-generic root=UUID=482df906-c52d-4d7e-9985-104453aa06f2 ro  quiet splash $vt_handoff
		echo	'Chargement du disque mémoire initial…'
		initrd	/boot/initrd.img-4.15.0-23-generic
	}
	menuentry 'Ubuntu, with Linux 4.15.0-23-generic (recovery mode)' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-4.15.0-23-generic-recovery-482df906-c52d-4d7e-9985-104453aa06f2' {
		recordfail
		load_video
		insmod gzio
		if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
		insmod part_gpt
		insmod ext2
		set root='hd0,gpt3'
		if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,gpt3 --hint-efi=hd0,gpt3 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,gpt3  482df906-c52d-4d7e-9985-104453aa06f2
		else
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root 482df906-c52d-4d7e-9985-104453aa06f2
		fi
		echo	'Chargement de Linux 4.15.0-23-generic…'
	        linux	/boot/vmlinuz-4.15.0-23-generic root=UUID=482df906-c52d-4d7e-9985-104453aa06f2 ro recovery nomodeset 
		echo	'Chargement du disque mémoire initial…'
		initrd	/boot/initrd.img-4.15.0-23-generic
	}
	menuentry 'Ubuntu, avec Linux 4.15.0-20-generic' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-4.15.0-20-generic-advanced-482df906-c52d-4d7e-9985-104453aa06f2' {
		recordfail
		load_video
		gfxmode $linux_gfx_mode
		insmod gzio
		if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
		insmod part_gpt
		insmod ext2
		set root='hd0,gpt3'
		if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,gpt3 --hint-efi=hd0,gpt3 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,gpt3  482df906-c52d-4d7e-9985-104453aa06f2
		else
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root 482df906-c52d-4d7e-9985-104453aa06f2
		fi
		echo	'Chargement de Linux 4.15.0-20-generic…'
	        linux	/boot/vmlinuz-4.15.0-20-generic root=UUID=482df906-c52d-4d7e-9985-104453aa06f2 ro  quiet splash $vt_handoff
		echo	'Chargement du disque mémoire initial…'
		initrd	/boot/initrd.img-4.15.0-20-generic
	}
	menuentry 'Ubuntu, with Linux 4.15.0-20-generic (recovery mode)' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-4.15.0-20-generic-recovery-482df906-c52d-4d7e-9985-104453aa06f2' {
		recordfail
		load_video
		insmod gzio
		if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
		insmod part_gpt
		insmod ext2
		set root='hd0,gpt3'
		if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,gpt3 --hint-efi=hd0,gpt3 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,gpt3  482df906-c52d-4d7e-9985-104453aa06f2
		else
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root 482df906-c52d-4d7e-9985-104453aa06f2
		fi
		echo	'Chargement de Linux 4.15.0-20-generic…'
	        linux	/boot/vmlinuz-4.15.0-20-generic root=UUID=482df906-c52d-4d7e-9985-104453aa06f2 ro recovery nomodeset 
		echo	'Chargement du disque mémoire initial…'
		initrd	/boot/initrd.img-4.15.0-20-generic
	}
}

### END /etc/grub.d/10_linux ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/20_linux_xen ###

### END /etc/grub.d/20_linux_xen ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/20_memtest86+ ###
### END /etc/grub.d/20_memtest86+ ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/30_os-prober ###
menuentry 'Windows Boot Manager (sur /dev/sdb2)' --class windows --class os $menuentry_id_option 'osprober-efi-FE12-2E2F' {
	insmod part_gpt
	insmod fat
	set root='hd1,gpt2'
	if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd1,gpt2 --hint-efi=hd1,gpt2 --hint-baremetal=ahci1,gpt2  FE12-2E2F
	else
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root FE12-2E2F
	fi
	chainloader /efi/Microsoft/Boot/bootmgfw.efi
}
set timeout_style=menu
if [ "${timeout}" = 0 ]; then
  set timeout=10
fi
### END /etc/grub.d/30_os-prober ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/30_uefi-firmware ###
menuentry 'System setup' $menuentry_id_option 'uefi-firmware' {
	fwsetup
}
### END /etc/grub.d/30_uefi-firmware ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/40_custom ###
# This file provides an easy way to add custom menu entries.  Simply type the
# menu entries you want to add after this comment.  Be careful not to change
# the 'exec tail' line above.
### END /etc/grub.d/40_custom ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/41_custom ###
if [ -f  ${config_directory}/custom.cfg ]; then
  source ${config_directory}/custom.cfg
elif [ -z "${config_directory}" -a -f  $prefix/custom.cfg ]; then
  source $prefix/custom.cfg;
fi
### END /etc/grub.d/41_custom ###
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

=============================== sda3/etc/fstab: ================================

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /etc/fstab: static file system information.
#
# Use 'blkid' to print the universally unique identifier for a
# device; this may be used with UUID= as a more robust way to name devices
# that works even if disks are added and removed. See fstab(5).
#
# <file system> <mount point>   <type>  <options>       <dump>  <pass>
# / was on /dev/sda3 during installation
UUID=482df906-c52d-4d7e-9985-104453aa06f2 /               ext4    errors=remount-ro 0       1
# /boot/efi was on /dev/sda1 during installation
UUID=1379-7FAC  /boot/efi       vfat    umask=0077      0       1
/swapfile                                 none            swap    sw              0       0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

=================== sda3: Location of files loaded by Grub: ====================

           GiB - GB             File                                 Fragment(s)

 102.737281799 = 110.313316352  boot/grub/grub.cfg                             2
  48.641815186 = 52.228751360   boot/vmlinuz-4.15.0-20-generic                 1
  10.051631927 = 10.792857600   boot/vmlinuz-4.15.0-23-generic                 1
  12.395381927 = 13.309440000   boot/vmlinuz-4.15.0-29-generic                 1
  12.395381927 = 13.309440000   vmlinuz                                        1
  10.051631927 = 10.792857600   vmlinuz.old                                    1
  10.301013947 = 11.060629504   boot/initrd.img-4.15.0-20-generic              2
  10.351367950 = 11.114696704   boot/initrd.img-4.15.0-23-generic              1
  13.935256958 = 14.962868224   boot/initrd.img-4.15.0-29-generic              2
  13.935256958 = 14.962868224   initrd.img                                     2
  10.351367950 = 11.114696704   initrd.img.old                                 1

======================== Unknown MBRs/Boot Sectors/etc: ========================


/dev/sdb1: unknown GPT attributes
8000000000000001

/dev/sdb2: unknown GPT attributes
8000000000000000

/dev/sdb3: unknown GPT attributes
8000000000000000


ADDITIONAL INFORMATION :
=================== log of boot-info 20180726_1219 ===================
boot-info version : 4ppa65
boot-sav version : 4ppa65
boot-sav-extra version : 4ppa65
glade2script version : 3.2.3~ppa4
boot-info is executed in installed-session (Ubuntu 18.04.1 LTS, bionic, Ubuntu, x86_64)
CPU op-mode(s):      32-bit, 64-bit
BOOT_IMAGE=/boot/vmlinuz-4.15.0-29-generic root=UUID=482df906-c52d-4d7e-9985-104453aa06f2 ro quiet splash vt.handoff=1
The disk contains an unclean file system (0, 0).
Metadata kept in Windows cache, refused to mount.
Falling back to read-only mount because the NTFS partition is in an
unsafe state. Please resume and shutdown Windows fully (no hibernation
or fast restarting.)
The disk contains an unclean file system (0, 0).
Metadata kept in Windows cache, refused to mount.
Falling back to read-only mount because the NTFS partition is in an
unsafe state. Please resume and shutdown Windows fully (no hibernation
or fast restarting.)
Windows is hibernated, refused to mount.
The disk contains an unclean file system (0, 0).
Metadata kept in Windows cache, refused to mount.
Falling back to read-only mount because the NTFS partition is in an
unsafe state. Please resume and shutdown Windows fully (no hibernation
or fast restarting.)

=================== os-prober:
/dev/sda3:L'OS actuellement utilisé - Ubuntu 18.04.1 LTS CurrentSession:linux
/dev/sdb2@/efi/Microsoft/Boot/bootmgfw.efi:Windows Boot Manager:Windows:efi

=================== blkid:
/dev/sda3: UUID="482df906-c52d-4d7e-9985-104453aa06f2" TYPE="ext4" PARTUUID="58d5471b-b8bb-42f7-9a29-f1048fa48d16"
/dev/loop0: TYPE="squashfs"
/dev/loop1: TYPE="squashfs"
/dev/loop2: TYPE="squashfs"
/dev/loop3: TYPE="squashfs"
/dev/loop4: TYPE="squashfs"
/dev/loop5: TYPE="squashfs"
/dev/loop6: TYPE="squashfs"
/dev/loop7: TYPE="squashfs"
/dev/sda1: UUID="1379-7FAC" TYPE="vfat" PARTLABEL="EFI System Partition" PARTUUID="ad162d0d-c4e3-4c0d-9ca9-5fd7bb27af75"
/dev/sda2: LABEL="Documents" UUID="1630AE0530ADEBC5" TYPE="ntfs" PARTLABEL="Basic data partition" PARTUUID="87e2db27-5513-49a0-ab60-269515dc90d4"
/dev/sdb1: LABEL="RM-CM-)cupM-CM-)ration" UUID="C2C0113AC01135DF" TYPE="ntfs" PARTLABEL="Basic data partition" PARTUUID="fad71c7b-7a21-4238-9fb2-f8a4fc71d270"
/dev/sdb2: UUID="FE12-2E2F" TYPE="vfat" PARTLABEL="EFI system partition" PARTUUID="53797c06-1a05-4913-9a16-8efc96614e6a"
/dev/sdb4: UUID="5CB616CCB616A714" TYPE="ntfs" PARTLABEL="Basic data partition" PARTUUID="656b96ea-e832-4910-a2e4-8dd5d2dda362"
/dev/loop8: TYPE="squashfs"
/dev/loop9: TYPE="squashfs"
/dev/loop10: TYPE="squashfs"
/dev/loop11: TYPE="squashfs"
/dev/loop12: TYPE="squashfs"
/dev/loop13: TYPE="squashfs"
/dev/sdb3: PARTLABEL="Microsoft reserved partition" PARTUUID="2cd1272f-83e3-45df-973d-fe365beae5f6"


2 disks with OS, 2 OS : 1 Linux, 0 MacOS, 1 Windows, 0 unknown type OS.

Windows not detected by os-prober on sdb4.

=================== /etc/grub.d/ :
drwxr-xr-x  2 root root    4096 juil. 26 12:12 grub.d
total 80
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  9783 mars   4 14:11 00_header
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  6258 mars   4 14:11 05_debian_theme
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 12693 mars   4 14:11 10_linux
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 11298 mars   4 14:11 20_linux_xen
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  1992 janv. 28  2016 20_memtest86+
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 12059 mars   4 14:11 30_os-prober
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  1418 mars   4 14:11 30_uefi-firmware
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root   214 mars   4 14:11 40_custom
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root   216 mars   4 14:11 41_custom
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root   483 mars   4 14:11 README




=================== /etc/default/grub :

# If you change this file, run 'update-grub' afterwards to update
# /boot/grub/grub.cfg.
# For full documentation of the options in this file, see:
#   info -f grub -n 'Simple configuration'

GRUB_DEFAULT=0
GRUB_TIMEOUT_STYLE=hidden
GRUB_TIMEOUT=10
GRUB_DISTRIBUTOR=`lsb_release -i -s 2> /dev/null || echo Debian`
GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT="quiet splash"
GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=""

# Uncomment to enable BadRAM filtering, modify to suit your needs
# This works with Linux (no patch required) and with any kernel that obtains
# the memory map information from GRUB (GNU Mach, kernel of FreeBSD ...)
#GRUB_BADRAM="0x01234567,0xfefefefe,0x89abcdef,0xefefefef"

# Uncomment to disable graphical terminal (grub-pc only)
#GRUB_TERMINAL=console

# The resolution used on graphical terminal
# note that you can use only modes which your graphic card supports via VBE
# you can see them in real GRUB with the command `vbeinfo'
#GRUB_GFXMODE=640x480

# Uncomment if you don't want GRUB to pass "root=UUID=xxx" parameter to Linux
#GRUB_DISABLE_LINUX_UUID=true

# Uncomment to disable generation of recovery mode menu entries
#GRUB_DISABLE_RECOVERY="true"

# Uncomment to get a beep at grub start
#GRUB_INIT_TUNE="480 440 1"



/boot/efi detected in the fstab of sda3: UUID=1379-7FAC   (sda1)
Presence of EFI/Boot file detected: /boot/efi/EFI/Boot/fbx64.efi
Presence of EFI/Microsoft file detected: /mnt/boot-sav/sdb2/EFI/Microsoft/Boot/bootmgfw.efi
Presence of EFI/Boot file detected: /mnt/boot-sav/sdb2/EFI/Boot/bootx64.efi
/usr/share/boot-sav/bs-cmd_terminal.sh: ligne 179: avertissement : command substitution: ignored null byte in input

=================== efibootmgr -v
BootCurrent: 0000
Timeout: 0 seconds
BootOrder: 0000,3000,0001,2001,2002,2004
Boot0000* ubuntu	HD(1,GPT,ad162d0d-c4e3-4c0d-9ca9-5fd7bb27af75,0x800,0x100000)/File(EFIubuntushimx64.efi)
Boot0001* Windows Boot Manager	HD(2,GPT,53797c06-1a05-4913-9a16-8efc96614e6a,0xfa000,0x32000)/File(EFIMicrosoftBootbootmgfw.efi)WINDOWS.........x...B.C.D.O.B.J.E.C.T.=.{.9.d.e.a.8.6.2.c.-.5.c.d.d.-.4.e.7.0.-.a.c.c.1.-.f.3.2.b.3.4.4.d.4.7.9.5.}...M................
Boot2001* EFI USB Device	RC
Boot3000* Internal Hard Disk or Solid State Disk	RC

=================== UEFI/Legacy mode:
BIOS is EFI-compatible, and is setup in EFI-mode for this installed-session.
SecureBoot disabled. (maybe sec-boot, Veuillez indiquer ce message à boot.repair@gmail.com)


=================== PARTITIONS & DISKS:
sda3	: sda,	not-sepboot,	grubenv-ok	grub2,	signed grub-efi ,	update-grub,	64,	with-boot,	is-os,	not--efi--part,	fstab-without-boot,	fstab-has-goodEFI,	no-nt,	no-winload,	no-recov-nor-hid,	no-bmgr,	notwinboot,	apt-get,	grub-install,	with--usr,	fstab-without-usr,	not-sep-usr,	standard,	farbios,	notbiosboot, .
sda1	: sda,	not-sepboot,	no-grubenv	nogrub,	no-docgrub,	no-update-grub,	32,	no-boot,	no-os,	is-correct-EFI,	part-has-no-fstab,	part-has-no-fstab,	no-nt,	no-winload,	no-recov-nor-hid,	no-bmgr,	notwinboot,	nopakmgr,	nogrubinstall,	no---usr,	part-has-no-fstab,	not-sep-usr,	standard,	not-far,	notbiosboot, /boot/efi.
sda2	: sda,	not-sepboot,	no-grubenv	nogrub,	no-docgrub,	no-update-grub,	32,	no-boot,	no-os,	not--efi--part,	part-has-no-fstab,	part-has-no-fstab,	no-nt,	no-winload,	no-recov-nor-hid,	no-bmgr,	notwinboot,	nopakmgr,	nogrubinstall,	no---usr,	part-has-no-fstab,	not-sep-usr,	standard,	farbios,	notbiosboot, /mnt/boot-sav/sda2.
sdb1	: sdb,	not-sepboot,	no-grubenv	nogrub,	no-docgrub,	no-update-grub,	32,	no-boot,	no-os,	not--efi--part,	part-has-no-fstab,	part-has-no-fstab,	no-nt,	no-winload,	recovery-or-hidden,	no-bmgr,	notwinboot,	nopakmgr,	nogrubinstall,	no---usr,	part-has-no-fstab,	not-sep-usr,	standard,	not-far,	notbiosboot, /mnt/boot-sav/sdb1.
sdb2	: sdb,	not-sepboot,	no-grubenv	nogrub,	no-docgrub,	no-update-grub,	32,	no-boot,	is-os,	is-correct-EFI,	part-has-no-fstab,	part-has-no-fstab,	no-nt,	no-winload,	no-recov-nor-hid,	no-bmgr,	notwinboot,	nopakmgr,	nogrubinstall,	no---usr,	part-has-no-fstab,	not-sep-usr,	standard,	not-far,	notbiosboot, /mnt/boot-sav/sdb2.
sdb4	: sdb,	not-sepboot,	no-grubenv	nogrub,	no-docgrub,	no-update-grub,	32,	no-boot,	is-os,	not--efi--part,	part-has-no-fstab,	part-has-no-fstab,	no-nt,	haswinload,	no-recov-nor-hid,	no-bmgr,	notwinboot,	nopakmgr,	nogrubinstall,	no---usr,	part-has-no-fstab,	not-sep-usr,	standard,	farbios,	notbiosboot, /mnt/boot-sav/sdb4.

sda	: GPT,	no-BIOS_boot,	has-correctEFI, 	not-usb,	not-mmc, has-os,	2048 sectors * 512 bytes
sdb	: GPT,	no-BIOS_boot,	has-correctEFI, 	not-usb,	not-mmc, has-os,	2048 sectors * 512 bytes


=================== parted -lm:

BYT;
/dev/sda:1000GB:scsi:512:4096:gpt:ATA TOSHIBA MQ04ABF1:;
1:1049kB:538MB:537MB:fat32:EFI System Partition:boot, esp;
3:538MB:126GB:125GB:ext4::;
2:126GB:1000GB:874GB:ntfs:Basic data partition:msftdata;

BYT;
/dev/sdb:128GB:scsi:512:4096:gpt:ATA SanDisk SD9SN8W-:;
1:1049kB:524MB:523MB:ntfs:Basic data partition:hidden, diag;
2:524MB:629MB:105MB:fat32:EFI system partition:boot, esp;
3:629MB:646MB:16.8MB::Microsoft reserved partition:msftres;
4:646MB:128GB:127GB:ntfs:Basic data partition:msftdata;

=================== lsblk:
KNAME  TYPE FSTYPE     SIZE LABEL
loop0  loop squashfs 140,9M
loop1  loop squashfs   3,7M
loop2  loop squashfs   3,3M
loop3  loop squashfs  86,6M
loop4  loop squashfs   2,3M
loop5  loop squashfs 162,9M
loop6  loop squashfs   140M
loop7  loop squashfs   1,6M
loop8  loop squashfs    13M
loop9  loop squashfs  14,5M
loop10 loop squashfs  12,2M
loop11 loop squashfs    21M
loop12 loop squashfs 135,8M
loop13 loop squashfs  86,9M
sda    disk          931,5G
sda1   part vfat       512M
sda2   part ntfs     814,3G Documents
sda3   part ext4     116,7G
sdb    disk          119,2G
sdb1   part ntfs       499M Récupération
sdb2   part vfat       100M
sdb3   part             16M
sdb4   part ntfs     118,7G

KNAME  ROTA RO RM STATE   MOUNTPOINT
loop0     1  1  0         /snap/gnome-3-26-1604/70
loop1     1  1  0         /snap/gnome-system-monitor/51
loop2     1  1  0         /snap/gnome-system-monitor/36
loop3     1  1  0         /snap/core/4486
loop4     1  1  0         /snap/gnome-calculator/180
loop5     1  1  0         /snap/spotify/16
loop6     1  1  0         /snap/gnome-3-26-1604/59
loop7     1  1  0         /snap/gnome-calculator/154
loop8     1  1  0         /snap/gnome-characters/103
loop9     1  1  0         /snap/gnome-logs/37
loop10    1  1  0         /snap/gnome-characters/69
loop11    1  1  0         /snap/gnome-logs/25
loop12    1  1  0         /snap/discord/69
loop13    1  1  0         /snap/core/4917
sda       1  0  0 running
sda1      1  0  0         /boot/efi
sda2      1  0  0         /mnt/boot-sav/sda2
sda3      1  0  0         /
sdb       0  0  0 running
sdb1      0  0  0         /mnt/boot-sav/sdb1
sdb2      0  0  0         /mnt/boot-sav/sdb2
sdb3      0  0  0
sdb4      0  0  0         /mnt/boot-sav/sdb4


=================== mount:
sysfs on /sys type sysfs (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime)
proc on /proc type proc (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime)
udev on /dev type devtmpfs (rw,nosuid,relatime,size=4008100k,nr_inodes=1002025,mode=755)
devpts on /dev/pts type devpts (rw,nosuid,noexec,relatime,gid=5,mode=620,ptmxmode=000)
tmpfs on /run type tmpfs (rw,nosuid,noexec,relatime,size=808380k,mode=755)
/dev/sda3 on / type ext4 (rw,relatime,errors=remount-ro,data=ordered)
securityfs on /sys/kernel/security type securityfs (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime)
tmpfs on /dev/shm type tmpfs (rw,nosuid,nodev)
tmpfs on /run/lock type tmpfs (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,size=5120k)
tmpfs on /sys/fs/cgroup type tmpfs (ro,nosuid,nodev,noexec,mode=755)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/unified type cgroup2 (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,nsdelegate)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/systemd type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,xattr,name=systemd)
pstore on /sys/fs/pstore type pstore (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime)
efivarfs on /sys/firmware/efi/efivars type efivarfs (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/perf_event type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,perf_event)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/rdma type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,rdma)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/freezer type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,freezer)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/pids type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,pids)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/blkio type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,blkio)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/devices type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,devices)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/memory type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,memory)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/cpuset type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,cpuset)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/net_cls,net_prio type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,net_cls,net_prio)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/cpu,cpuacct type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,cpu,cpuacct)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/hugetlb type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,hugetlb)
systemd-1 on /proc/sys/fs/binfmt_misc type autofs (rw,relatime,fd=25,pgrp=1,timeout=0,minproto=5,maxproto=5,direct,pipe_ino=3958)
mqueue on /dev/mqueue type mqueue (rw,relatime)
debugfs on /sys/kernel/debug type debugfs (rw,relatime)
hugetlbfs on /dev/hugepages type hugetlbfs (rw,relatime,pagesize=2M)
fusectl on /sys/fs/fuse/connections type fusectl (rw,relatime)
configfs on /sys/kernel/config type configfs (rw,relatime)
/var/lib/snapd/snaps/gnome-3-26-1604_70.snap on /snap/gnome-3-26-1604/70 type squashfs (ro,nodev,relatime,x-gdu.hide)
/var/lib/snapd/snaps/gnome-system-monitor_51.snap on /snap/gnome-system-monitor/51 type squashfs (ro,nodev,relatime,x-gdu.hide)
/var/lib/snapd/snaps/core_4486.snap on /snap/core/4486 type squashfs (ro,nodev,relatime,x-gdu.hide)
/var/lib/snapd/snaps/gnome-system-monitor_36.snap on /snap/gnome-system-monitor/36 type squashfs (ro,nodev,relatime,x-gdu.hide)
/var/lib/snapd/snaps/gnome-3-26-1604_59.snap on /snap/gnome-3-26-1604/59 type squashfs (ro,nodev,relatime,x-gdu.hide)
/var/lib/snapd/snaps/spotify_16.snap on /snap/spotify/16 type squashfs (ro,nodev,relatime,x-gdu.hide)
/var/lib/snapd/snaps/gnome-characters_69.snap on /snap/gnome-characters/69 type squashfs (ro,nodev,relatime,x-gdu.hide)
/var/lib/snapd/snaps/gnome-logs_25.snap on /snap/gnome-logs/25 type squashfs (ro,nodev,relatime,x-gdu.hide)
/var/lib/snapd/snaps/gnome-calculator_180.snap on /snap/gnome-calculator/180 type squashfs (ro,nodev,relatime,x-gdu.hide)
/var/lib/snapd/snaps/gnome-logs_37.snap on /snap/gnome-logs/37 type squashfs (ro,nodev,relatime,x-gdu.hide)
/var/lib/snapd/snaps/gnome-characters_103.snap on /snap/gnome-characters/103 type squashfs (ro,nodev,relatime,x-gdu.hide)
/var/lib/snapd/snaps/core_4917.snap on /snap/core/4917 type squashfs (ro,nodev,relatime,x-gdu.hide)
/var/lib/snapd/snaps/gnome-calculator_154.snap on /snap/gnome-calculator/154 type squashfs (ro,nodev,relatime,x-gdu.hide)
/var/lib/snapd/snaps/discord_69.snap on /snap/discord/69 type squashfs (ro,nodev,relatime,x-gdu.hide)
/dev/sda1 on /boot/efi type vfat (rw,relatime,fmask=0077,dmask=0077,codepage=437,iocharset=iso8859-1,shortname=mixed,errors=remount-ro)
tmpfs on /run/user/120 type tmpfs (rw,nosuid,nodev,relatime,size=808376k,mode=700,uid=120,gid=125)
tmpfs on /run/user/1000 type tmpfs (rw,nosuid,nodev,relatime,size=808376k,mode=700,uid=1000,gid=1000)
gvfsd-fuse on /run/user/1000/gvfs type fuse.gvfsd-fuse (rw,nosuid,nodev,relatime,user_id=1000,group_id=1000)
/dev/sda2 on /mnt/boot-sav/sda2 type fuseblk (ro,relatime,user_id=0,group_id=0,allow_other,blksize=4096)
/dev/sdb1 on /mnt/boot-sav/sdb1 type fuseblk (ro,relatime,user_id=0,group_id=0,allow_other,blksize=4096)
/dev/sdb2 on /mnt/boot-sav/sdb2 type vfat (rw,relatime,fmask=0022,dmask=0022,codepage=437,iocharset=iso8859-1,shortname=mixed,errors=remount-ro)
/dev/sdb4 on /mnt/boot-sav/sdb4 type fuseblk (ro,relatime,user_id=0,group_id=0,allow_other,blksize=4096)


=================== ls:
/sys/block/sda (filtered):  alignment_offset bdi capability dev device discard_alignment events events_async events_poll_msecs ext_range hidden holders inflight integrity power queue range removable ro sda1 sda2 sda3 size slaves stat subsystem trace uevent
/sys/block/sdb (filtered):  alignment_offset bdi capability dev device discard_alignment events events_async events_poll_msecs ext_range hidden holders inflight integrity power queue range removable ro sdb1 sdb2 sdb3 sdb4 size slaves stat subsystem trace uevent
/dev (filtered):  acpi_thermal_rel autofs block bsg btrfs-control bus char console core cpu cpu_dma_latency cuse disk dri drm_dp_aux0 ecryptfs fb0 fd freefall full fuse hpet hugepages hwrng i2c-0 i2c-1 i2c-2 i2c-3 initctl input kmsg lightnvm log mapper mcelog media0 mei0 mem memory_bandwidth mqueue net network_latency network_throughput null nvidia0 nvidiactl nvidia-modeset nvidia-uvm port ppp psaux ptmx pts random rfkill rtc rtc0 sda sda1 sda2 sda3 sdb sdb1 sdb2 sdb3 sdb4 sg0 sg1 shm snapshot snd stderr stdin stdout tpm0 tpmrm0 uhid uinput urandom userio v4l vfio vga_arbiter vhci vhost-net vhost-vsock video0 zero
ls /dev/mapper:  control

=================== hexdump -n512 -C /dev/sda1
00000000  eb 58 90 6d 6b 66 73 2e  66 61 74 00 02 08 20 00  |.X.mkfs.fat... .|
00000010  02 00 00 00 00 f8 00 00  3f 00 ff 00 00 08 00 00  |........?.......|
00000020  00 00 10 00 00 04 00 00  00 00 00 00 02 00 00 00  |................|
00000030  01 00 06 00 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |................|
00000040  80 01 29 ac 7f 79 13 4e  4f 20 4e 41 4d 45 20 20  |..)..y.NO NAME  |
00000050  20 20 46 41 54 33 32 20  20 20 0e 1f be 77 7c ac  |  FAT32   ...w|.|
00000060  22 c0 74 0b 56 b4 0e bb  07 00 cd 10 5e eb f0 32  |".t.V.......^..2|
00000070  e4 cd 16 cd 19 eb fe 54  68 69 73 20 69 73 20 6e  |.......This is n|
00000080  6f 74 20 61 20 62 6f 6f  74 61 62 6c 65 20 64 69  |ot a bootable di|
00000090  73 6b 2e 20 20 50 6c 65  61 73 65 20 69 6e 73 65  |sk.  Please inse|
000000a0  72 74 20 61 20 62 6f 6f  74 61 62 6c 65 20 66 6c  |rt a bootable fl|
000000b0  6f 70 70 79 20 61 6e 64  0d 0a 70 72 65 73 73 20  |oppy and..press |
000000c0  61 6e 79 20 6b 65 79 20  74 6f 20 74 72 79 20 61  |any key to try a|
000000d0  67 61 69 6e 20 2e 2e 2e  20 0d 0a 00 00 00 00 00  |gain ... .......|
000000e0  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |................|
*
000001f0  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 55 aa  |..............U.|
00000200

=================== hexdump -n512 -C /dev/sda2
00000000  eb 52 90 4e 54 46 53 20  20 20 20 00 02 08 00 00  |.R.NTFS    .....|
00000010  00 00 00 00 00 f8 00 00  3f 00 ff 00 00 08 a6 0e  |........?.......|
00000020  00 00 00 00 80 00 80 00  ff 57 ca 65 00 00 00 00  |.........W.e....|
00000030  00 00 0c 00 00 00 00 00  02 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |................|
00000040  f6 00 00 00 01 00 00 00  c5 eb ad 30 05 ae 30 16  |...........0..0.|
00000050  00 00 00 00 fa 33 c0 8e  d0 bc 00 7c fb 68 c0 07  |.....3.....|.h..|
00000060  1f 1e 68 66 00 cb 88 16  0e 00 66 81 3e 03 00 4e  |..hf......f.>..N|
00000070  54 46 53 75 15 b4 41 bb  aa 55 cd 13 72 0c 81 fb  |TFSu..A..U..r...|
00000080  55 aa 75 06 f7 c1 01 00  75 03 e9 dd 00 1e 83 ec  |U.u.....u.......|
00000090  18 68 1a 00 b4 48 8a 16  0e 00 8b f4 16 1f cd 13  |.h...H..........|
000000a0  9f 83 c4 18 9e 58 1f 72  e1 3b 06 0b 00 75 db a3  |.....X.r.;...u..|
000000b0  0f 00 c1 2e 0f 00 04 1e  5a 33 db b9 00 20 2b c8  |........Z3... +.|
000000c0  66 ff 06 11 00 03 16 0f  00 8e c2 ff 06 16 00 e8  |f...............|
000000d0  4b 00 2b c8 77 ef b8 00  bb cd 1a 66 23 c0 75 2d  |K.+.w......f#.u-|
000000e0  66 81 fb 54 43 50 41 75  24 81 f9 02 01 72 1e 16  |f..TCPAu$....r..|
000000f0  68 07 bb 16 68 52 11 16  68 09 00 66 53 66 53 66  |h...hR..h..fSfSf|
00000100  55 16 16 16 68 b8 01 66  61 0e 07 cd 1a 33 c0 bf  |U...h..fa....3..|
00000110  0a 13 b9 f6 0c fc f3 aa  e9 fe 01 90 90 66 60 1e  |.............f`.|
00000120  06 66 a1 11 00 66 03 06  1c 00 1e 66 68 00 00 00  |.f...f.....fh...|
00000130  00 66 50 06 53 68 01 00  68 10 00 b4 42 8a 16 0e  |.fP.Sh..h...B...|
00000140  00 16 1f 8b f4 cd 13 66  59 5b 5a 66 59 66 59 1f  |.......fY[ZfYfY.|
00000150  0f 82 16 00 66 ff 06 11  00 03 16 0f 00 8e c2 ff  |....f...........|
00000160  0e 16 00 75 bc 07 1f 66  61 c3 a1 f6 01 e8 09 00  |...u...fa.......|
00000170  a1 fa 01 e8 03 00 f4 eb  fd 8b f0 ac 3c 00 74 09  |............<.t.|
00000180  b4 0e bb 07 00 cd 10 eb  f2 c3 0d 0a 45 72 72 65  |............Erre|
00000190  75 72 20 6c 65 63 74 75  72 65 20 64 69 73 71 75  |ur lecture disqu|
000001a0  65 00 0d 0a 42 4f 4f 54  4d 47 52 20 63 6f 6d 70  |e...BOOTMGR comp|
000001b0  72 65 73 73 82 00 0d 0a  43 74 72 6c 2b 41 6c 74  |ress....Ctrl+Alt|
000001c0  2b 53 75 70 70 72 20 70  6f 75 72 20 72 65 64 82  |+Suppr pour red.|
000001d0  6d 61 72 72 65 72 0d 0a  00 73 74 61 72 74 0d 0a  |marrer...start..|
000001e0  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |................|
000001f0  00 00 00 00 00 00 8a 01  a2 01 b6 01 00 00 55 aa  |..............U.|
00000200

=================== hexdump -n512 -C /dev/sdb1
00000000  eb 52 90 4e 54 46 53 20  20 20 20 00 02 08 00 00  |.R.NTFS    .....|
00000010  00 00 00 00 00 f8 00 00  3f 00 ff 00 00 08 00 00  |........?.......|
00000020  00 00 00 00 80 00 80 00  ff 97 0f 00 00 00 00 00  |................|
00000030  55 a6 00 00 00 00 00 00  02 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |U...............|
00000040  f6 00 00 00 01 00 00 00  df 35 11 c0 3a 11 c0 c2  |.........5..:...|
00000050  00 00 00 00 fa 33 c0 8e  d0 bc 00 7c fb 68 c0 07  |.....3.....|.h..|
00000060  1f 1e 68 66 00 cb 88 16  0e 00 66 81 3e 03 00 4e  |..hf......f.>..N|
00000070  54 46 53 75 15 b4 41 bb  aa 55 cd 13 72 0c 81 fb  |TFSu..A..U..r...|
00000080  55 aa 75 06 f7 c1 01 00  75 03 e9 dd 00 1e 83 ec  |U.u.....u.......|
00000090  18 68 1a 00 b4 48 8a 16  0e 00 8b f4 16 1f cd 13  |.h...H..........|
000000a0  9f 83 c4 18 9e 58 1f 72  e1 3b 06 0b 00 75 db a3  |.....X.r.;...u..|
000000b0  0f 00 c1 2e 0f 00 04 1e  5a 33 db b9 00 20 2b c8  |........Z3... +.|
000000c0  66 ff 06 11 00 03 16 0f  00 8e c2 ff 06 16 00 e8  |f...............|
000000d0  4b 00 2b c8 77 ef b8 00  bb cd 1a 66 23 c0 75 2d  |K.+.w......f#.u-|
000000e0  66 81 fb 54 43 50 41 75  24 81 f9 02 01 72 1e 16  |f..TCPAu$....r..|
000000f0  68 07 bb 16 68 52 11 16  68 09 00 66 53 66 53 66  |h...hR..h..fSfSf|
00000100  55 16 16 16 68 b8 01 66  61 0e 07 cd 1a 33 c0 bf  |U...h..fa....3..|
00000110  0a 13 b9 f6 0c fc f3 aa  e9 fe 01 90 90 66 60 1e  |.............f`.|
00000120  06 66 a1 11 00 66 03 06  1c 00 1e 66 68 00 00 00  |.f...f.....fh...|
00000130  00 66 50 06 53 68 01 00  68 10 00 b4 42 8a 16 0e  |.fP.Sh..h...B...|
00000140  00 16 1f 8b f4 cd 13 66  59 5b 5a 66 59 66 59 1f  |.......fY[ZfYfY.|
00000150  0f 82 16 00 66 ff 06 11  00 03 16 0f 00 8e c2 ff  |....f...........|
00000160  0e 16 00 75 bc 07 1f 66  61 c3 a1 f6 01 e8 09 00  |...u...fa.......|
00000170  a1 fa 01 e8 03 00 f4 eb  fd 8b f0 ac 3c 00 74 09  |............<.t.|
00000180  b4 0e bb 07 00 cd 10 eb  f2 c3 0d 0a 45 72 72 65  |............Erre|
00000190  75 72 20 6c 65 63 74 75  72 65 20 64 69 73 71 75  |ur lecture disqu|
000001a0  65 00 0d 0a 42 4f 4f 54  4d 47 52 20 63 6f 6d 70  |e...BOOTMGR comp|
000001b0  72 65 73 73 82 00 0d 0a  43 74 72 6c 2b 41 6c 74  |ress....Ctrl+Alt|
000001c0  2b 53 75 70 70 72 20 70  6f 75 72 20 72 65 64 82  |+Suppr pour red.|
000001d0  6d 61 72 72 65 72 0d 0a  00 73 74 61 72 74 0d 0a  |marrer...start..|
000001e0  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |................|
000001f0  00 00 00 00 00 00 8a 01  a2 01 b6 01 00 00 55 aa  |..............U.|
00000200

=================== hexdump -n512 -C /dev/sdb2
00000000  eb 58 90 4d 53 44 4f 53  35 2e 30 00 02 02 fe 19  |.X.MSDOS5.0.....|
00000010  02 00 00 00 00 f8 00 00  3f 00 ff 00 00 a0 0f 00  |........?.......|
00000020  00 20 03 00 01 03 00 00  00 00 00 00 02 00 00 00  |. ..............|
00000030  01 00 06 00 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |................|
00000040  80 01 29 2f 2e 12 fe 4e  4f 20 4e 41 4d 45 20 20  |..)/...NO NAME  |
00000050  20 20 46 41 54 33 32 20  20 20 33 c9 8e d1 bc f4  |  FAT32   3.....|
00000060  7b 8e c1 8e d9 bd 00 7c  88 56 40 88 4e 02 8a 56  |{......|.V@.N..V|
00000070  40 b4 41 bb aa 55 cd 13  72 10 81 fb 55 aa 75 0a  |@.A..U..r...U.u.|
00000080  f6 c1 01 74 05 fe 46 02  eb 2d 8a 56 40 b4 08 cd  |...t..F..-.V@...|
00000090  13 73 05 b9 ff ff 8a f1  66 0f b6 c6 40 66 0f b6  |.s......f...@f..|
000000a0  d1 80 e2 3f f7 e2 86 cd  c0 ed 06 41 66 0f b7 c9  |...?.......Af...|
000000b0  66 f7 e1 66 89 46 f8 83  7e 16 00 75 39 83 7e 2a  |f..f.F..~..u9.~*|
000000c0  00 77 33 66 8b 46 1c 66  83 c0 0c bb 00 80 b9 01  |.w3f.F.f........|
000000d0  00 e8 2c 00 e9 a8 03 a1  f8 7d 80 c4 7c 8b f0 ac  |..,......}..|...|
000000e0  84 c0 74 17 3c ff 74 09  b4 0e bb 07 00 cd 10 eb  |..t.<.t.........|
000000f0  ee a1 fa 7d eb e4 a1 7d  80 eb df 98 cd 16 cd 19  |...}...}........|
00000100  66 60 80 7e 02 00 0f 84  20 00 66 6a 00 66 50 06  |f`.~.... .fj.fP.|
00000110  53 66 68 10 00 01 00 b4  42 8a 56 40 8b f4 cd 13  |Sfh.....B.V@....|
00000120  66 58 66 58 66 58 66 58  eb 33 66 3b 46 f8 72 03  |fXfXfXfX.3f;F.r.|
00000130  f9 eb 2a 66 33 d2 66 0f  b7 4e 18 66 f7 f1 fe c2  |..*f3.f..N.f....|
00000140  8a ca 66 8b d0 66 c1 ea  10 f7 76 1a 86 d6 8a 56  |..f..f....v....V|
00000150  40 8a e8 c0 e4 06 0a cc  b8 01 02 cd 13 66 61 0f  |@............fa.|
00000160  82 74 ff 81 c3 00 02 66  40 49 75 94 c3 42 4f 4f  |.t.....f@Iu..BOO|
00000170  54 4d 47 52 20 20 20 20  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |TMGR    ........|
00000180  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |................|
*
000001a0  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 0d 0a 45 72  |..............Er|
000001b0  72 2e 20 64 69 73 71 75  65 ff 0d 0a 50 72 65 73  |r. disque...Pres|
000001c0  73 65 7a 20 75 6e 65 20  74 6f 75 63 68 65 20 70  |sez une touche p|
000001d0  6f 75 72 20 72 65 64 82  6d 61 72 72 65 72 0d 0a  |our red.marrer..|
000001e0  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |................|
000001f0  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  ac 01 ba 01 00 00 55 aa  |..............U.|
00000200

=================== hexdump -n512 -C /dev/sdb4
00000000  eb 52 90 4e 54 46 53 20  20 20 20 00 02 08 00 00  |.R.NTFS    .....|
00000010  00 00 00 00 00 f8 00 00  3f 00 ff 00 00 40 13 00  |........?....@..|
00000020  00 00 00 00 80 00 80 00  ff 7f d4 0e 00 00 00 00  |................|
00000030  00 00 0c 00 00 00 00 00  02 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |................|
00000040  f6 00 00 00 01 00 00 00  14 a7 16 b6 cc 16 b6 5c  |...............|
00000050  00 00 00 00 fa 33 c0 8e  d0 bc 00 7c fb 68 c0 07  |.....3.....|.h..|
00000060  1f 1e 68 66 00 cb 88 16  0e 00 66 81 3e 03 00 4e  |..hf......f.>..N|
00000070  54 46 53 75 15 b4 41 bb  aa 55 cd 13 72 0c 81 fb  |TFSu..A..U..r...|
00000080  55 aa 75 06 f7 c1 01 00  75 03 e9 dd 00 1e 83 ec  |U.u.....u.......|
00000090  18 68 1a 00 b4 48 8a 16  0e 00 8b f4 16 1f cd 13  |.h...H..........|
000000a0  9f 83 c4 18 9e 58 1f 72  e1 3b 06 0b 00 75 db a3  |.....X.r.;...u..|
000000b0  0f 00 c1 2e 0f 00 04 1e  5a 33 db b9 00 20 2b c8  |........Z3... +.|
000000c0  66 ff 06 11 00 03 16 0f  00 8e c2 ff 06 16 00 e8  |f...............|
000000d0  4b 00 2b c8 77 ef b8 00  bb cd 1a 66 23 c0 75 2d  |K.+.w......f#.u-|
000000e0  66 81 fb 54 43 50 41 75  24 81 f9 02 01 72 1e 16  |f..TCPAu$....r..|
000000f0  68 07 bb 16 68 52 11 16  68 09 00 66 53 66 53 66  |h...hR..h..fSfSf|
00000100  55 16 16 16 68 b8 01 66  61 0e 07 cd 1a 33 c0 bf  |U...h..fa....3..|
00000110  0a 13 b9 f6 0c fc f3 aa  e9 fe 01 90 90 66 60 1e  |.............f`.|
00000120  06 66 a1 11 00 66 03 06  1c 00 1e 66 68 00 00 00  |.f...f.....fh...|
00000130  00 66 50 06 53 68 01 00  68 10 00 b4 42 8a 16 0e  |.fP.Sh..h...B...|
00000140  00 16 1f 8b f4 cd 13 66  59 5b 5a 66 59 66 59 1f  |.......fY[ZfYfY.|
00000150  0f 82 16 00 66 ff 06 11  00 03 16 0f 00 8e c2 ff  |....f...........|
00000160  0e 16 00 75 bc 07 1f 66  61 c3 a1 f6 01 e8 09 00  |...u...fa.......|
00000170  a1 fa 01 e8 03 00 f4 eb  fd 8b f0 ac 3c 00 74 09  |............<.t.|
00000180  b4 0e bb 07 00 cd 10 eb  f2 c3 0d 0a 45 72 72 65  |............Erre|
00000190  75 72 20 6c 65 63 74 75  72 65 20 64 69 73 71 75  |ur lecture disqu|
000001a0  65 00 0d 0a 42 4f 4f 54  4d 47 52 20 63 6f 6d 70  |e...BOOTMGR comp|
000001b0  72 65 73 73 82 00 0d 0a  43 74 72 6c 2b 41 6c 74  |ress....Ctrl+Alt|
000001c0  2b 53 75 70 70 72 20 70  6f 75 72 20 72 65 64 82  |+Suppr pour red.|
000001d0  6d 61 72 72 65 72 0d 0a  00 73 74 61 72 74 0d 0a  |marrer...start..|
000001e0  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |................|
000001f0  00 00 00 00 00 00 8a 01  a2 01 b6 01 00 00 55 aa  |..............U.|
00000200

=================== df -Th:

Filesystem     Type      Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
udev           devtmpfs  3.9G     0  3.9G   0% /dev
tmpfs          tmpfs     790M  2.0M  788M   1% /run
/dev/sda3      ext4      115G   10G   99G  10% /
tmpfs          tmpfs     3.9G   47M  3.9G   2% /dev/shm
tmpfs          tmpfs     5.0M  4.0K  5.0M   1% /run/lock
tmpfs          tmpfs     3.9G     0  3.9G   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
/dev/loop0     squashfs  141M  141M     0 100% /snap/gnome-3-26-1604/70
/dev/loop1     squashfs  3.8M  3.8M     0 100% /snap/gnome-system-monitor/51
/dev/loop3     squashfs   87M   87M     0 100% /snap/core/4486
/dev/loop2     squashfs  3.4M  3.4M     0 100% /snap/gnome-system-monitor/36
/dev/loop6     squashfs  141M  141M     0 100% /snap/gnome-3-26-1604/59
/dev/loop5     squashfs  163M  163M     0 100% /snap/spotify/16
/dev/loop10    squashfs   13M   13M     0 100% /snap/gnome-characters/69
/dev/loop11    squashfs   21M   21M     0 100% /snap/gnome-logs/25
/dev/loop4     squashfs  2.4M  2.4M     0 100% /snap/gnome-calculator/180
/dev/loop9     squashfs   15M   15M     0 100% /snap/gnome-logs/37
/dev/loop8     squashfs   13M   13M     0 100% /snap/gnome-characters/103
/dev/loop13    squashfs   87M   87M     0 100% /snap/core/4917
/dev/loop7     squashfs  1.7M  1.7M     0 100% /snap/gnome-calculator/154
/dev/loop12    squashfs  136M  136M     0 100% /snap/discord/69
/dev/sda1      vfat      511M  4.7M  507M   1% /boot/efi
tmpfs          tmpfs     790M   16K  790M   1% /run/user/120
tmpfs          tmpfs     790M   28K  790M   1% /run/user/1000
/dev/sda2      fuseblk   815G  290M  815G   1% /mnt/boot-sav/sda2
/dev/sdb1      fuseblk   499M  377M  123M  76% /mnt/boot-sav/sdb1
/dev/sdb2      vfat       96M   26M   71M  27% /mnt/boot-sav/sdb2
/dev/sdb4      fuseblk   119G   31G   88G  26% /mnt/boot-sav/sdb4

=================== fdisk -l:
Disk /dev/loop0: 140.9 MiB, 147722240 bytes, 288520 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/loop1: 3.7 MiB, 3887104 bytes, 7592 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/loop2: 3.3 MiB, 3411968 bytes, 6664 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/loop3: 86.6 MiB, 90759168 bytes, 177264 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/loop4: 2.3 MiB, 2433024 bytes, 4752 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/loop5: 162.9 MiB, 170766336 bytes, 333528 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/loop6: 140 MiB, 146841600 bytes, 286800 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/loop7: 1.6 MiB, 1691648 bytes, 3304 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/sda: 931.5 GiB, 1000204886016 bytes, 1953525168 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disklabel type: gpt
Disk identifier: A0701D71-B2C4-477D-8E58-363D5D9BB60C

Device         Start        End    Sectors   Size Type
/dev/sda1       2048    1050623    1048576   512M EFI System
/dev/sda2  245762048 1953521663 1707759616 814.3G Microsoft basic data
/dev/sda3    1050624  245762047  244711424 116.7G Linux filesystem

Partition table entries are not in disk order.


Disk /dev/sdb: 119.2 GiB, 128035676160 bytes, 250069680 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disklabel type: gpt
Disk identifier: EEB92C53-F7C5-45CB-A4A2-900C85FC4771

Device       Start       End   Sectors   Size Type
/dev/sdb1     2048   1023999   1021952   499M Windows recovery environment
/dev/sdb2  1024000   1228799    204800   100M EFI System
/dev/sdb3  1228800   1261567     32768    16M Microsoft reserved
/dev/sdb4  1261568 250068991 248807424 118.7G Microsoft basic data


Disk /dev/loop8: 13 MiB, 13619200 bytes, 26600 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/loop9: 14.5 MiB, 15196160 bytes, 29680 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/loop10: 12.2 MiB, 12804096 bytes, 25008 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/loop11: 21 MiB, 22003712 bytes, 42976 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/loop12: 135.8 MiB, 142360576 bytes, 278048 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/loop13: 86.9 MiB, 91099136 bytes, 177928 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes




=================== Suggested repair
The default repair of the Boot-Repair utility would reinstall the grub-efi-amd64-signed of sda3, using the following options:        sda1/boot/efi,
Additional repair would be performed: unhide-bootmenu-10s   fix-windows-boot use-standard-efi-file


=================== Final advice in case of suggested repair
N'oubliez pas de régler votre BIOS pour qu'il amorce sur le fichier sda1/efi/.../grub*.efi !

Si votre ordinateur redémarre directement sur Windows, essayez de changer l'ordre de démarrage dans votre BIOS.
Si votre BIOS ne permet pas de changer l'ordre de démarrage, changez l'entrée de démarrage par défaut de l'amorceur Windows.
Par exemple, vous pouvez démarrer Windows, puis saisir la commande suivante dans une invite de commande en mode administrateur :
bcdedit /set {bootmgr} path \EFI\...\grub*.efi


=================== User settings
The settings chosen by the user will not act on the boot.

Pour moi, c'est une installation plus que parfaite. J'ai l'impression que tu as désactivé ou déconnecté physiquement le SSD lorsque tu as fait l'installation de Ubuntu parce qu'en général l'installateur de Ubuntu ne crée pas une deuxième partition EFI quand il en existe déjà une. Peux-tu confirmer ?

Dernière modification par malbo (Le 26/07/2018, à 13:34)

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#9 Le 26/07/2018, à 13:47

julien4403

Re : Que faut-il faire après l'installation d'Ubuntu sur PC Portable ?

J'ai installé Ubuntu sur mon Disque Dur de 1 To et j'ai Windows 10 sur mon ssd de 120go donc c'est normal. J'ai remarqué que mon autonomie sous Ubuntu est beaucoup plus faible que sous Windows. Avez-vous des moyens pour obtenir la même autonomie que sous Windows ?

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#10 Le 26/07/2018, à 13:51

malbo

Re : Que faut-il faire après l'installation d'Ubuntu sur PC Portable ?

julien4403 a écrit :

J'ai installé Ubuntu sur mon Disque Dur de 1 To et j'ai Windows 10 sur mon ssd de 120go donc c'est normal.

ça je l'ai bien vu. Ce n'est pas la question que je t'ai posée : je t'ai demandé de confirmer (ou pas) que tu as désactivé ou déconnecté physiquement le SSD lorsque tu as fait l'installation de Ubuntu...

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#11 Le 26/07/2018, à 14:07

julien4403

Re : Que faut-il faire après l'installation d'Ubuntu sur PC Portable ?

Heu non, je ne l'ai pas désactiver

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#12 Le 26/07/2018, à 14:12

malbo

Re : Que faut-il faire après l'installation d'Ubuntu sur PC Portable ?

Merci pour cette précision. D'autre part, peux-tu confirmer (ou pas) que tu as sélectionné "Effacer le disque et installer Ubuntu" à l'étape "Type d'installation" ?

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#13 Le 26/07/2018, à 14:40

julien4403

Re : Que faut-il faire après l'installation d'Ubuntu sur PC Portable ?

Non j'ai réalisé un dual-boot Windows 10 et Ubuntu

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#14 Le 26/07/2018, à 15:26

malbo

Re : Que faut-il faire après l'installation d'Ubuntu sur PC Portable ?

julien4403 a écrit :

Non j'ai réalisé un dual-boot Windows 10 et Ubuntu

Si tu n'as pas sélectionné "Effacer le disque et installer Ubuntu" à l'étape "Type d'installation", as-tu sélectionné "Autre chose" ? Et si tu n'as pas sélectionné ni l'un ni l'autre, qu'as-tu sélectionné à cette étape "Type d'installation"?

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#15 Le 26/07/2018, à 18:23

julien4403

Re : Que faut-il faire après l'installation d'Ubuntu sur PC Portable ?

J'ai sélectionné installé Ubuntu a coté de Windows en ayant créer ma partition avant avec windows

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#16 Le 26/07/2018, à 18:27

malbo

Re : Que faut-il faire après l'installation d'Ubuntu sur PC Portable ?

OK merci pour l'info.
Je viens d'ajouter ton modèle d'ordi Pavilion 14-bf013nf  dans la Liste des portables HP
ce modèle visible sur cette page est équipé d'un processeur Intel Core i7-7500U et d'une carte graphique dédiée NVIDIA GeForce 940MX

Dernière modification par malbo (Le 26/07/2018, à 18:48)

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