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#1 Le 01/03/2020, à 23:58

Gued1

Ubuntu 18.04LTS démarre qu'en recovery mode + Questions GRUB

Bonjour,
Je suis d'un niveau débutant.

J'utilise habituellement Win10 et Ubuntu sur 2 partitions différentes. J'ai récemment réinstallé les 2 et Win10 fonctionne mais plus Ubuntu. Lorsque je le lance via la ligne « Ubuntu » dans le Grub 2, le pointeur de ma souris passe bien entre mes 2 écrans mais rien ne s'affiche et il semble bloqué.

Ubuntu ne fonctionne que lorsque je sélectionne les options avancées dans le Grub puis Ubuntu with Linux 5.3 0-40 Generic (recovery mode) et enfin Résume reprendre le démarrage normal, je sélectionne  ensuite  mon utilisateur, je rentre le mot de passe et là tout fonctionne normalement.

QUESTION 1 : Pouvez-vous m’aider à réparer Ubuntu afin qu’il se lance normalement depuis le Grub sans toutes les manipulations ci-dessus ou à le réinstaller sur sa partition sans endommager ou effacer le Grub qui s’y trouve (Ce qui m’empêcherai je pense  de lancer Windows et Ubuntu).

Je ne suis pas trop à l’aise avec le Grub car j’avais modifié la partition d’Ubuntu sous Windows en effaçant donc le Grub qui s’y trouvait. Je ne pouvais donc  plus rien lancer sur ma machine. J’ai rétablis la situation à part pour Ubuntu comme expliqué ci-dessus. Je souhaite  ne plus connaitre de problème avec le Grub à l’avenir.

QUESTION 2 : Que me conseillez-vous ? Enregistrer le Grub sur le MBR (J’ai vu cette fonction sur le Grub Customizer) pour le mettre « à l’abri » si je formate la partition de Ubuntu pour le réinstaller proprement (Dans ce cas, indiquez-moi si Ubuntu recrée un second Grub sur sa partition lors de l’installation et lequel il utilisera ou si il voit qu’il en existe  déjà un sur la MBR sans en créer un second ?) et/ou comment sauvegarder le Grub sur USB (Je comprends rien aux méthodes trop techniques des forums) et comment le réinstaller à partir de l’USB en cas de problème ?

Merci d’avoir lu mon roman et pour votre aide.

Hors ligne

#2 Le 02/03/2020, à 00:08

geole

Re : Ubuntu 18.04LTS démarre qu'en recovery mode + Questions GRUB

Bonsoir.
Réponse 1 Ce que tu décris ressemble à l'oubli d'installer un pilote propriétaire.
https://doc.ubuntu-fr.org/gestionnaire_ … prietaires.

Réponse 2 Customizer est souvent source d'ennuis.

En ligne

#3 Le 02/03/2020, à 23:13

Gued1

Re : Ubuntu 18.04LTS démarre qu'en recovery mode + Questions GRUB

Bonsoir Geole,

"Aucun Pilote Additionnel Disponible" est indiqué. Comment faire ?

Avec Customizer j'avais cherché à avoir Win10 en haut du tableau afin que les autres utilisateurs qui n'utilsent que windows laissent le PC démarrer seul. A présent j'ai 2 choses anormales dans mon Grub : 1° "Ubuntu" n’apparait plus et 2° je dois sélectionner "Options avancées pour Ubuntu" pour le voir dans un second menu Grub. Bref j'avance pas, je recule : Comment remettre de l'ordre avec un seul menu en retrouvant "Ubuntu" dedans en dessous de Win10 ?

Merci.

Hors ligne

#4 Le 02/03/2020, à 23:50

geole

Re : Ubuntu 18.04LTS démarre qu'en recovery mode + Questions GRUB

Bonsoir
Les pilotes additionnels ne sont pas obligatoires. On va regarder les anomalies du démarrage que je ne lirais pas cette nuit.

journalctl  -b -p err

Dernière modification par geole (Le 02/03/2020, à 23:51)

En ligne

#5 Le 03/03/2020, à 21:41

Gued1

Re : Ubuntu 18.04LTS démarre qu'en recovery mode + Questions GRUB

Bonsoir,

Voici le résultat à lire au petit dej ?:lol:

-- Logs begin at Sat 2020-02-29 23:00:16 CET, end at Tue 2020-03-03 21:26:15 CET. --
mars 03 21:24:56 gued1-ThinkPad-Edge systemd[859]: /lib/systemd/system-generators/friendly-recovery failed with exit status 1.
mars 03 21:25:05 gued1-ThinkPad-Edge wpa_supplicant[898]: dbus: wpa_dbus_get_object_properties: failed to get object properties: (none) none
mars 03 21:25:05 gued1-ThinkPad-Edge wpa_supplicant[898]: dbus: Failed to construct signal
mars 03 21:25:10 gued1-ThinkPad-Edge gnome-session-binary[1107]: Unrecoverable failure in required component org.gnome.Shell.desktop
mars 03 21:25:11 gued1-ThinkPad-Edge gnome-session-binary[1288]: Unrecoverable failure in required component org.gnome.Shell.desktop
mars 03 21:25:23 gued1-ThinkPad-Edge spice-vdagent[1504]: Cannot access vdagent virtio channel /dev/virtio-ports/com.redhat.spice.0
mars 03 21:25:41 gued1-ThinkPad-Edge kernel: hdaudio hdaudioC0D3: Unable to bind the codec
mars 03 21:25:45 gued1-ThinkPad-Edge pulseaudio[1762]: [pulseaudio] backend-ofono.c: Failed to register as a handsfree audio agent with ofon
mars 03 21:25:51 gued1-ThinkPad-Edge spice-vdagent[1907]: Cannot access vdagent virtio channel /dev/virtio-ports/com.redhat.spice.0

Merci !

Dernière modification par Gued1 (Le 08/03/2020, à 20:36)

Hors ligne

#6 Le 04/03/2020, à 09:22

geole

Re : Ubuntu 18.04LTS démarre qu'en recovery mode + Questions GRUB

Bonjour
Je ne sais pas trop ce qu'il faut faire. Dans un premier temps, on va regarder si le logiciel est bien à jour.

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade

Tu donneras aussi le contenu du fichier de boot

cat /boot/grub/grub.cfg

peut-être que cette commande permettra de signaler quelque chose

systemctl status gdm.service

En ligne

#7 Le 04/03/2020, à 21:20

Gued1

Re : Ubuntu 18.04LTS démarre qu'en recovery mode + Questions GRUB

Hello Geole,

Le contenu de BOOT :

#
# DO NOT EDIT THIS FILE
#
# It is automatically generated by grub-mkconfig using templates
# from /etc/grub.d and settings from /etc/default/grub
#

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/00_header ###
if [ -s $prefix/grubenv ]; then
  set have_grubenv=true
  load_env
fi
if [ "${next_entry}" ] ; then
   set default="${next_entry}"
   set next_entry=
   save_env next_entry
   set boot_once=true
else
   set default="0"
fi

if [ x"${feature_menuentry_id}" = xy ]; then
  menuentry_id_option="--id"
else
  menuentry_id_option=""
fi

export menuentry_id_option

if [ "${prev_saved_entry}" ]; then
  set saved_entry="${prev_saved_entry}"
  save_env saved_entry
  set prev_saved_entry=
  save_env prev_saved_entry
  set boot_once=true
fi

function savedefault {
  if [ -z "${boot_once}" ]; then
    saved_entry="${chosen}"
    save_env saved_entry
  fi
}
function recordfail {
  set recordfail=1
  if [ -n "${have_grubenv}" ]; then if [ -z "${boot_once}" ]; then save_env recordfail; fi; fi
}
function load_video {
  if [ x$feature_all_video_module = xy ]; then
    insmod all_video
  else
    insmod efi_gop
    insmod efi_uga
    insmod ieee1275_fb
    insmod vbe
    insmod vga
    insmod video_bochs
    insmod video_cirrus
  fi
}

if [ x$feature_default_font_path = xy ] ; then
   font=unicode
else
insmod part_msdos
insmod ext2
set root='hd0,msdos5'
if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd0,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,msdos5  a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
else
  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
fi
    font="/usr/share/grub/unicode.pf2"
fi

if loadfont $font ; then
  set gfxmode=auto
  load_video
  insmod gfxterm
  set locale_dir=$prefix/locale
  set lang=fr_FR
  insmod gettext
fi
terminal_output gfxterm
if [ "${recordfail}" = 1 ] ; then
  set timeout=30
else
  if [ x$feature_timeout_style = xy ] ; then
    set timeout_style=hidden
    set timeout=10
  # Fallback hidden-timeout code in case the timeout_style feature is
  # unavailable.
  elif sleep --interruptible 10 ; then
    set timeout=0
  fi
fi
### END /etc/grub.d/00_header ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/05_debian_theme ###
set menu_color_normal=white/black
set menu_color_highlight=black/light-gray
if background_color 44,0,30,0; then
  clear
fi
### END /etc/grub.d/05_debian_theme ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/10_linux_proxy ###

function gfxmode {
	set gfxpayload="${1}"
	if [ "${1}" = "keep" ]; then
		set vt_handoff=vt.handoff=1
	else
		set vt_handoff=
	fi
}
if [ "${recordfail}" != 1 ]; then
  if [ -e ${prefix}/gfxblacklist.txt ]; then
    if hwmatch ${prefix}/gfxblacklist.txt 3; then
      if [ ${match} = 0 ]; then
        set linux_gfx_mode=keep
      else
        set linux_gfx_mode=text
      fi
    else
      set linux_gfx_mode=text
    fi
  else
    set linux_gfx_mode=keep
  fi
else
  set linux_gfx_mode=text
fi
export linux_gfx_mode



### END /etc/grub.d/10_linux_proxy ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/30_os-prober_proxy ###
menuentry "Windows 10 (sur /dev/sda1)" --class windows --class os $menuentry_id_option 'osprober-chain-BE303C82303C43A5' {
	insmod part_msdos
	insmod ntfs
	set root='hd0,msdos1'
	if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,msdos1 --hint-efi=hd0,msdos1 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,msdos1  BE303C82303C43A5
	else
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root BE303C82303C43A5
	fi
	parttool ${root} hidden-
	drivemap -s (hd0) ${root}
	chainloader +1
}
### END /etc/grub.d/30_os-prober_proxy ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/31_linux_proxy ###
menuentry "Ubuntu, with Linux 5.3.0-40-generic (recovery mode)" --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-5.3.0-40-generic-recovery-a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e' {
		recordfail
		load_video
		insmod gzio
		if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
		insmod part_msdos
		insmod ext2
		set root='hd0,msdos5'
		if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd0,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,msdos5  a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
		else
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
		fi
		echo	'Chargement de Linux 5.3.0-40-generic…'
	        linux	/boot/vmlinuz-5.3.0-40-generic root=UUID=a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e ro recovery nomodeset 
		echo	'Chargement du disque mémoire initial…'
		initrd	/boot/initrd.img-5.3.0-40-generic
}
submenu "Options avancées pour Ubuntu"{
menuentry "Ubuntu, avec Linux 5.3.0-40-generic" --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-5.3.0-40-generic-advanced-a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e' {
		recordfail
		load_video
		gfxmode $linux_gfx_mode
		insmod gzio
		if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
		insmod part_msdos
		insmod ext2
		set root='hd0,msdos5'
		if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd0,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,msdos5  a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
		else
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
		fi
		echo	'Chargement de Linux 5.3.0-40-generic…'
	        linux	/boot/vmlinuz-5.3.0-40-generic root=UUID=a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e ro  quiet splash $vt_handoff
		echo	'Chargement du disque mémoire initial…'
		initrd	/boot/initrd.img-5.3.0-40-generic
}
menuentry "Ubuntu" --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-simple-a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e' {
	recordfail
	load_video
	gfxmode $linux_gfx_mode
	insmod gzio
	if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
	insmod part_msdos
	insmod ext2
	set root='hd0,msdos5'
	if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd0,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,msdos5  a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
	else
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
	fi
        linux	/boot/vmlinuz-5.3.0-40-generic root=UUID=a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e ro  quiet splash $vt_handoff
	initrd	/boot/initrd.img-5.3.0-40-generic
}
menuentry "Ubuntu, avec Linux 5.3.0-28-generic" --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-5.3.0-28-generic-advanced-a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e' {
		recordfail
		load_video
		gfxmode $linux_gfx_mode
		insmod gzio
		if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
		insmod part_msdos
		insmod ext2
		set root='hd0,msdos5'
		if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd0,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,msdos5  a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
		else
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
		fi
		echo	'Chargement de Linux 5.3.0-28-generic…'
	        linux	/boot/vmlinuz-5.3.0-28-generic root=UUID=a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e ro  quiet splash $vt_handoff
		echo	'Chargement du disque mémoire initial…'
		initrd	/boot/initrd.img-5.3.0-28-generic
}
menuentry "Ubuntu, with Linux 5.3.0-28-generic (recovery mode)" --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-5.3.0-28-generic-recovery-a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e' {
		recordfail
		load_video
		insmod gzio
		if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
		insmod part_msdos
		insmod ext2
		set root='hd0,msdos5'
		if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd0,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,msdos5  a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
		else
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
		fi
		echo	'Chargement de Linux 5.3.0-28-generic…'
	        linux	/boot/vmlinuz-5.3.0-28-generic root=UUID=a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e ro recovery nomodeset 
		echo	'Chargement du disque mémoire initial…'
		initrd	/boot/initrd.img-5.3.0-28-generic
}
}
### END /etc/grub.d/31_linux_proxy ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/32_linux_xen ###

### END /etc/grub.d/32_linux_xen ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/33_memtest86+_proxy ###



### END /etc/grub.d/33_memtest86+_proxy ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/34_os-prober_proxy ###



set timeout_style=menu
if [ "${timeout}" = 0 ]; then
  set timeout=10
fi
### END /etc/grub.d/34_os-prober_proxy ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/35_memtest86+_proxy ###
menuentry "Memory test (memtest86+)" {
	insmod part_msdos
	insmod ext2
	set root='hd0,msdos5'
	if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd0,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,msdos5  a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
	else
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
	fi
	knetbsd	/boot/memtest86+.elf
}
menuentry "Memory test (memtest86+, serial console 115200)" {
	insmod part_msdos
	insmod ext2
	set root='hd0,msdos5'
	if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd0,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,msdos5  a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
	else
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
	fi
	linux16	/boot/memtest86+.bin console=ttyS0,115200n8
}
### END /etc/grub.d/35_memtest86+_proxy ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/36_uefi-firmware ###
### END /etc/grub.d/36_uefi-firmware ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/40_custom ###
# This file provides an easy way to add custom menu entries.  Simply type the
# menu entries you want to add after this comment.  Be careful not to change
# the 'exec tail' line above.
### END /etc/grub.d/40_custom ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/41_custom ###
if [ -f  ${config_directory}/custom.cfg ]; then
  source ${config_directory}/custom.cfg
elif [ -z "${config_directory}" -a -f  $prefix/custom.cfg ]; then
  source $prefix/custom.cfg;
fi
### END /etc/grub.d/41_custom ###

SYSTEMCTL

● gdm.service - GNOME Display Manager
   Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/gdm.service; static; vendor preset: enabl
   Active: active (running) since Sun 2020-03-08 19:02:14 CET; 52min left
  Process: 1087 ExecStartPre=/usr/share/gdm/generate-config (code=exited, status
 Main PID: 1093 (gdm3)
    Tasks: 3 (limit: 4424)
   CGroup: /system.slice/gdm.service
           └─1093 /usr/sbin/gdm3

mars 08 19:02:19 gued1-ThinkPad-Edge gdm-launch-environment][1236]: pam_unix(gdm
mars 08 19:02:20 gued1-ThinkPad-Edge gdm-launch-environment][1236]: pam_unix(gdm
mars 08 19:02:20 gued1-ThinkPad-Edge gdm3[1093]: GdmDisplay: display lasted 0,75
mars 08 19:02:20 gued1-ThinkPad-Edge gdm3[1093]: Child process -1288 was already
mars 08 19:02:20 gued1-ThinkPad-Edge gdm3[1093]: Child process 1236 was already 
mars 08 19:02:20 gued1-ThinkPad-Edge gdm3[1093]: Unable to kill session worker p
mars 08 19:02:20 gued1-ThinkPad-Edge gdm-launch-environment][1332]: pam_unix(gdm
mars 08 18:02:55 gued1-ThinkPad-Edge gdm-password][1573]: pam_unix(gdm-password:
mars 08 18:03:03 gued1-ThinkPad-Edge gdm-password][1593]: pam_unix(gdm-password:
mars 08 18:03:14 gued1-ThinkPad-Edge gdm-password][1602]: pam_unix(gdm-password:
lines 1-19/19 (END)

Merci !

Dernière modification par Gued1 (Le 08/03/2020, à 18:11)

Hors ligne

#8 Le 04/03/2020, à 21:23

xubu1957

Re : Ubuntu 18.04LTS démarre qu'en recovery mode + Questions GRUB

Bonjour,

Pour ajouter toi-même les balises code à tes précédents messages #5 et #7 :             Merci                     wink

  • Cliquer sur  le lien « Modifier » en bas à droite du message

  • Sélectionner le texte

  • Cliquer sur le <> de l'éditeur de message

1578079461.png

comme indiqué dans le lien : Retour utilisable de commande

Dernière modification par xubu1957 (Le 08/03/2020, à 20:48)


Important : Pensez à passer vos sujets en [Résolu] lorsque ceux-ci le sont, au début du titre en cliquant sur Modifier sous le premier message, et un bref récapitulatif de la solution à la fin de celui-ci. Merci.

Xubuntu 18.04.1 LTS - Lenovo T410 -Toshiba Satellite A300  Membre de Linux-Azur

Hors ligne

#9 Le 08/03/2020, à 18:13

Gued1

Re : Ubuntu 18.04LTS démarre qu'en recovery mode + Questions GRUB

Bonjour et merci Xubu

Hors ligne

#10 Le 08/03/2020, à 20:37

Gued1

Re : Ubuntu 18.04LTS démarre qu'en recovery mode + Questions GRUB

Tout est dans l'ordre.

Hors ligne

#11 Le 08/03/2020, à 20:49

xubu1957

Re : Ubuntu 18.04LTS démarre qu'en recovery mode + Questions GRUB

Bonjour,

Tu as balisé le #7, il reste le #5.

Merci. wink


Important : Pensez à passer vos sujets en [Résolu] lorsque ceux-ci le sont, au début du titre en cliquant sur Modifier sous le premier message, et un bref récapitulatif de la solution à la fin de celui-ci. Merci.

Xubuntu 18.04.1 LTS - Lenovo T410 -Toshiba Satellite A300  Membre de Linux-Azur

Hors ligne

#12 Le 09/03/2020, à 02:20

geole

Re : Ubuntu 18.04LTS démarre qu'en recovery mode + Questions GRUB

Gued1 a écrit :

Hello Geole,

Le contenu de BOOT :

#
# DO NOT EDIT THIS FILE
#
# It is automatically generated by grub-mkconfig using templates
# from /etc/grub.d and settings from /etc/default/grub
#

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/00_header ###
if [ -s $prefix/grubenv ]; then
  set have_grubenv=true
  load_env
fi
if [ "${next_entry}" ] ; then
   set default="${next_entry}"
   set next_entry=
   save_env next_entry
   set boot_once=true
else
   set default="0"
fi

if [ x"${feature_menuentry_id}" = xy ]; then
  menuentry_id_option="--id"
else
  menuentry_id_option=""
fi

export menuentry_id_option

if [ "${prev_saved_entry}" ]; then
  set saved_entry="${prev_saved_entry}"
  save_env saved_entry
  set prev_saved_entry=
  save_env prev_saved_entry
  set boot_once=true
fi

function savedefault {
  if [ -z "${boot_once}" ]; then
    saved_entry="${chosen}"
    save_env saved_entry
  fi
}
function recordfail {
  set recordfail=1
  if [ -n "${have_grubenv}" ]; then if [ -z "${boot_once}" ]; then save_env recordfail; fi; fi
}
function load_video {
  if [ x$feature_all_video_module = xy ]; then
    insmod all_video
  else
    insmod efi_gop
    insmod efi_uga
    insmod ieee1275_fb
    insmod vbe
    insmod vga
    insmod video_bochs
    insmod video_cirrus
  fi
}

if [ x$feature_default_font_path = xy ] ; then
   font=unicode
else
insmod part_msdos
insmod ext2
set root='hd0,msdos5'
if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd0,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,msdos5  a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
else
  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
fi
    font="/usr/share/grub/unicode.pf2"
fi

if loadfont $font ; then
  set gfxmode=auto
  load_video
  insmod gfxterm
  set locale_dir=$prefix/locale
  set lang=fr_FR
  insmod gettext
fi
terminal_output gfxterm
if [ "${recordfail}" = 1 ] ; then
  set timeout=30
else
  if [ x$feature_timeout_style = xy ] ; then
    set timeout_style=hidden
    set timeout=10
  # Fallback hidden-timeout code in case the timeout_style feature is
  # unavailable.
  elif sleep --interruptible 10 ; then
    set timeout=0
  fi
fi
### END /etc/grub.d/00_header ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/05_debian_theme ###
set menu_color_normal=white/black
set menu_color_highlight=black/light-gray
if background_color 44,0,30,0; then
  clear
fi
### END /etc/grub.d/05_debian_theme ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/10_linux_proxy ###

function gfxmode {
	set gfxpayload="${1}"
	if [ "${1}" = "keep" ]; then
		set vt_handoff=vt.handoff=1
	else
		set vt_handoff=
	fi
}
if [ "${recordfail}" != 1 ]; then
  if [ -e ${prefix}/gfxblacklist.txt ]; then
    if hwmatch ${prefix}/gfxblacklist.txt 3; then
      if [ ${match} = 0 ]; then
        set linux_gfx_mode=keep
      else
        set linux_gfx_mode=text
      fi
    else
      set linux_gfx_mode=text
    fi
  else
    set linux_gfx_mode=keep
  fi
else
  set linux_gfx_mode=text
fi
export linux_gfx_mode



### END /etc/grub.d/10_linux_proxy ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/30_os-prober_proxy ###
menuentry "Windows 10 (sur /dev/sda1)" --class windows --class os $menuentry_id_option 'osprober-chain-BE303C82303C43A5' {
	insmod part_msdos
	insmod ntfs
	set root='hd0,msdos1'
	if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,msdos1 --hint-efi=hd0,msdos1 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,msdos1  BE303C82303C43A5
	else
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root BE303C82303C43A5
	fi
	parttool ${root} hidden-
	drivemap -s (hd0) ${root}
	chainloader +1
}
### END /etc/grub.d/30_os-prober_proxy ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/31_linux_proxy ###
menuentry "Ubuntu, with Linux 5.3.0-40-generic (recovery mode)" --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-5.3.0-40-generic-recovery-a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e' {
		recordfail
		load_video
		insmod gzio
		if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
		insmod part_msdos
		insmod ext2
		set root='hd0,msdos5'
		if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd0,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,msdos5  a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
		else
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
		fi
		echo	'Chargement de Linux 5.3.0-40-generic…'
	        linux	/boot/vmlinuz-5.3.0-40-generic root=UUID=a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e ro recovery nomodeset 
		echo	'Chargement du disque mémoire initial…'
		initrd	/boot/initrd.img-5.3.0-40-generic
}
submenu "Options avancées pour Ubuntu"{
menuentry "Ubuntu, avec Linux 5.3.0-40-generic" --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-5.3.0-40-generic-advanced-a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e' {
		recordfail
		load_video
		gfxmode $linux_gfx_mode
		insmod gzio
		if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
		insmod part_msdos
		insmod ext2
		set root='hd0,msdos5'
		if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd0,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,msdos5  a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
		else
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
		fi
		echo	'Chargement de Linux 5.3.0-40-generic…'
	        linux	/boot/vmlinuz-5.3.0-40-generic root=UUID=a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e ro  quiet splash $vt_handoff
		echo	'Chargement du disque mémoire initial…'
		initrd	/boot/initrd.img-5.3.0-40-generic
}
menuentry "Ubuntu" --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-simple-a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e' {
	recordfail
	load_video
	gfxmode $linux_gfx_mode
	insmod gzio
	if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
	insmod part_msdos
	insmod ext2
	set root='hd0,msdos5'
	if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd0,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,msdos5  a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
	else
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
	fi
        linux	/boot/vmlinuz-5.3.0-40-generic root=UUID=a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e ro  quiet splash $vt_handoff
	initrd	/boot/initrd.img-5.3.0-40-generic
}
menuentry "Ubuntu, avec Linux 5.3.0-28-generic" --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-5.3.0-28-generic-advanced-a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e' {
		recordfail
		load_video
		gfxmode $linux_gfx_mode
		insmod gzio
		if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
		insmod part_msdos
		insmod ext2
		set root='hd0,msdos5'
		if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd0,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,msdos5  a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
		else
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
		fi
		echo	'Chargement de Linux 5.3.0-28-generic…'
	        linux	/boot/vmlinuz-5.3.0-28-generic root=UUID=a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e ro  quiet splash $vt_handoff
		echo	'Chargement du disque mémoire initial…'
		initrd	/boot/initrd.img-5.3.0-28-generic
}
menuentry "Ubuntu, with Linux 5.3.0-28-generic (recovery mode)" --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-5.3.0-28-generic-recovery-a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e' {
		recordfail
		load_video
		insmod gzio
		if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
		insmod part_msdos
		insmod ext2
		set root='hd0,msdos5'
		if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd0,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,msdos5  a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
		else
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
		fi
		echo	'Chargement de Linux 5.3.0-28-generic…'
	        linux	/boot/vmlinuz-5.3.0-28-generic root=UUID=a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e ro recovery nomodeset 
		echo	'Chargement du disque mémoire initial…'
		initrd	/boot/initrd.img-5.3.0-28-generic
}
}
### END /etc/grub.d/31_linux_proxy ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/32_linux_xen ###

### END /etc/grub.d/32_linux_xen ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/33_memtest86+_proxy ###



### END /etc/grub.d/33_memtest86+_proxy ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/34_os-prober_proxy ###



set timeout_style=menu
if [ "${timeout}" = 0 ]; then
  set timeout=10
fi
### END /etc/grub.d/34_os-prober_proxy ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/35_memtest86+_proxy ###
menuentry "Memory test (memtest86+)" {
	insmod part_msdos
	insmod ext2
	set root='hd0,msdos5'
	if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd0,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,msdos5  a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
	else
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
	fi
	knetbsd	/boot/memtest86+.elf
}
menuentry "Memory test (memtest86+, serial console 115200)" {
	insmod part_msdos
	insmod ext2
	set root='hd0,msdos5'
	if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd0,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,msdos5  a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
	else
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
	fi
	linux16	/boot/memtest86+.bin console=ttyS0,115200n8
}
### END /etc/grub.d/35_memtest86+_proxy ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/36_uefi-firmware ###
### END /etc/grub.d/36_uefi-firmware ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/40_custom ###
# This file provides an easy way to add custom menu entries.  Simply type the
# menu entries you want to add after this comment.  Be careful not to change
# the 'exec tail' line above.
### END /etc/grub.d/40_custom ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/41_custom ###
if [ -f  ${config_directory}/custom.cfg ]; then
  source ${config_directory}/custom.cfg
elif [ -z "${config_directory}" -a -f  $prefix/custom.cfg ]; then
  source $prefix/custom.cfg;
fi
### END /etc/grub.d/41_custom ###

Merci !

Bonsoir
Il manque pas mal de choses dans ce fichier.   Refabrique-le avec la commande

sudo update-grub

En ligne

#13 Le 10/03/2020, à 22:27

Gued1

Re : Ubuntu 18.04LTS démarre qu'en recovery mode + Questions GRUB

Hello,

Avec l'update :

#
# DO NOT EDIT THIS FILE
#
# It is automatically generated by grub-mkconfig using templates
# from /etc/grub.d and settings from /etc/default/grub
#

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/00_header ###
if [ -s $prefix/grubenv ]; then
  set have_grubenv=true
  load_env
fi
if [ "${next_entry}" ] ; then
   set default="${next_entry}"
   set next_entry=
   save_env next_entry
   set boot_once=true
else
   set default="0"
fi

if [ x"${feature_menuentry_id}" = xy ]; then
  menuentry_id_option="--id"
else
  menuentry_id_option=""
fi

export menuentry_id_option

if [ "${prev_saved_entry}" ]; then
  set saved_entry="${prev_saved_entry}"
  save_env saved_entry
  set prev_saved_entry=
  save_env prev_saved_entry
  set boot_once=true
fi

function savedefault {
  if [ -z "${boot_once}" ]; then
    saved_entry="${chosen}"
    save_env saved_entry
  fi
}
function recordfail {
  set recordfail=1
  if [ -n "${have_grubenv}" ]; then if [ -z "${boot_once}" ]; then save_env recordfail; fi; fi
}
function load_video {
  if [ x$feature_all_video_module = xy ]; then
    insmod all_video
  else
    insmod efi_gop
    insmod efi_uga
    insmod ieee1275_fb
    insmod vbe
    insmod vga
    insmod video_bochs
    insmod video_cirrus
  fi
}

if [ x$feature_default_font_path = xy ] ; then
   font=unicode
else
insmod part_msdos
insmod ext2
set root='hd0,msdos5'
if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd0,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,msdos5  a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
else
  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
fi
    font="/usr/share/grub/unicode.pf2"
fi

if loadfont $font ; then
  set gfxmode=auto
  load_video
  insmod gfxterm
  set locale_dir=$prefix/locale
  set lang=fr_FR
  insmod gettext
fi
terminal_output gfxterm
if [ "${recordfail}" = 1 ] ; then
  set timeout=30
else
  if [ x$feature_timeout_style = xy ] ; then
    set timeout_style=hidden
    set timeout=10
  # Fallback hidden-timeout code in case the timeout_style feature is
  # unavailable.
  elif sleep --interruptible 10 ; then
    set timeout=0
  fi
fi
### END /etc/grub.d/00_header ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/05_debian_theme ###
set menu_color_normal=white/black
set menu_color_highlight=black/light-gray
if background_color 44,0,30,0; then
  clear
fi
### END /etc/grub.d/05_debian_theme ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/10_linux_proxy ###

function gfxmode {
	set gfxpayload="${1}"
	if [ "${1}" = "keep" ]; then
		set vt_handoff=vt.handoff=1
	else
		set vt_handoff=
	fi
}
if [ "${recordfail}" != 1 ]; then
  if [ -e ${prefix}/gfxblacklist.txt ]; then
    if hwmatch ${prefix}/gfxblacklist.txt 3; then
      if [ ${match} = 0 ]; then
        set linux_gfx_mode=keep
      else
        set linux_gfx_mode=text
      fi
    else
      set linux_gfx_mode=text
    fi
  else
    set linux_gfx_mode=keep
  fi
else
  set linux_gfx_mode=text
fi
export linux_gfx_mode



### END /etc/grub.d/10_linux_proxy ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/30_os-prober_proxy ###
menuentry "Windows 10 (sur /dev/sda1)" --class windows --class os $menuentry_id_option 'osprober-chain-BE303C82303C43A5' {
	insmod part_msdos
	insmod ntfs
	set root='hd0,msdos1'
	if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,msdos1 --hint-efi=hd0,msdos1 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,msdos1  BE303C82303C43A5
	else
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root BE303C82303C43A5
	fi
	parttool ${root} hidden-
	drivemap -s (hd0) ${root}
	chainloader +1
}
### END /etc/grub.d/30_os-prober_proxy ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/31_linux_proxy ###
menuentry "Ubuntu, with Linux 5.3.0-40-generic (recovery mode)" --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-5.3.0-40-generic-recovery-a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e' {
		recordfail
		load_video
		insmod gzio
		if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
		insmod part_msdos
		insmod ext2
		set root='hd0,msdos5'
		if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd0,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,msdos5  a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
		else
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
		fi
		echo	'Chargement de Linux 5.3.0-40-generic…'
	        linux	/boot/vmlinuz-5.3.0-40-generic root=UUID=a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e ro recovery nomodeset 
		echo	'Chargement du disque mémoire initial…'
		initrd	/boot/initrd.img-5.3.0-40-generic
}
submenu "Options avancées pour Ubuntu"{
menuentry "Ubuntu, avec Linux 5.3.0-40-generic" --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-5.3.0-40-generic-advanced-a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e' {
		recordfail
		load_video
		gfxmode $linux_gfx_mode
		insmod gzio
		if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
		insmod part_msdos
		insmod ext2
		set root='hd0,msdos5'
		if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd0,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,msdos5  a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
		else
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
		fi
		echo	'Chargement de Linux 5.3.0-40-generic…'
	        linux	/boot/vmlinuz-5.3.0-40-generic root=UUID=a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e ro  quiet splash $vt_handoff
		echo	'Chargement du disque mémoire initial…'
		initrd	/boot/initrd.img-5.3.0-40-generic
}
menuentry "Ubuntu" --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-simple-a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e' {
	recordfail
	load_video
	gfxmode $linux_gfx_mode
	insmod gzio
	if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
	insmod part_msdos
	insmod ext2
	set root='hd0,msdos5'
	if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd0,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,msdos5  a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
	else
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
	fi
        linux	/boot/vmlinuz-5.3.0-40-generic root=UUID=a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e ro  quiet splash $vt_handoff
	initrd	/boot/initrd.img-5.3.0-40-generic
}
menuentry "Ubuntu, avec Linux 5.3.0-28-generic" --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-5.3.0-28-generic-advanced-a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e' {
		recordfail
		load_video
		gfxmode $linux_gfx_mode
		insmod gzio
		if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
		insmod part_msdos
		insmod ext2
		set root='hd0,msdos5'
		if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd0,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,msdos5  a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
		else
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
		fi
		echo	'Chargement de Linux 5.3.0-28-generic…'
	        linux	/boot/vmlinuz-5.3.0-28-generic root=UUID=a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e ro  quiet splash $vt_handoff
		echo	'Chargement du disque mémoire initial…'
		initrd	/boot/initrd.img-5.3.0-28-generic
}
menuentry "Ubuntu, with Linux 5.3.0-28-generic (recovery mode)" --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-5.3.0-28-generic-recovery-a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e' {
		recordfail
		load_video
		insmod gzio
		if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
		insmod part_msdos
		insmod ext2
		set root='hd0,msdos5'
		if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd0,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,msdos5  a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
		else
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
		fi
		echo	'Chargement de Linux 5.3.0-28-generic…'
	        linux	/boot/vmlinuz-5.3.0-28-generic root=UUID=a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e ro recovery nomodeset 
		echo	'Chargement du disque mémoire initial…'
		initrd	/boot/initrd.img-5.3.0-28-generic
}
}
### END /etc/grub.d/31_linux_proxy ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/32_linux_xen ###

### END /etc/grub.d/32_linux_xen ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/33_memtest86+_proxy ###



### END /etc/grub.d/33_memtest86+_proxy ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/34_os-prober_proxy ###



set timeout_style=menu
if [ "${timeout}" = 0 ]; then
  set timeout=10
fi
### END /etc/grub.d/34_os-prober_proxy ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/35_memtest86+_proxy ###
menuentry "Memory test (memtest86+)" {
	insmod part_msdos
	insmod ext2
	set root='hd0,msdos5'
	if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd0,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,msdos5  a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
	else
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
	fi
	knetbsd	/boot/memtest86+.elf
}
menuentry "Memory test (memtest86+, serial console 115200)" {
	insmod part_msdos
	insmod ext2
	set root='hd0,msdos5'
	if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd0,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,msdos5  a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
	else
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
	fi
	linux16	/boot/memtest86+.bin console=ttyS0,115200n8
}
### END /etc/grub.d/35_memtest86+_proxy ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/36_uefi-firmware ###
### END /etc/grub.d/36_uefi-firmware ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/40_custom ###
# This file provides an easy way to add custom menu entries.  Simply type the
# menu entries you want to add after this comment.  Be careful not to change
# the 'exec tail' line above.
### END /etc/grub.d/40_custom ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/41_custom ###
if [ -f  ${config_directory}/custom.cfg ]; then
  source ${config_directory}/custom.cfg
elif [ -z "${config_directory}" -a -f  $prefix/custom.cfg ]; then
  source $prefix/custom.cfg;
fi
### END /etc/grub.d/41_custom ###

Merci.

Hors ligne

#14 Le 10/03/2020, à 23:17

geole

Re : Ubuntu 18.04LTS démarre qu'en recovery mode + Questions GRUB

Bonsoir
Je sèche lamentablement. Ton ubuntu n'est toujours  pas dans la liste

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/10_linux_proxy ###

function gfxmode {
	set gfxpayload="${1}"
	if [ "${1}" = "keep" ]; then
		set vt_handoff=vt.handoff=1
	else
		set vt_handoff=
	fi
}
if [ "${recordfail}" != 1 ]; then
  if [ -e ${prefix}/gfxblacklist.txt ]; then
    if hwmatch ${prefix}/gfxblacklist.txt 3; then
      if [ ${match} = 0 ]; then
        set linux_gfx_mode=keep
      else
        set linux_gfx_mode=text
      fi
    else
      set linux_gfx_mode=text
    fi
  else
    set linux_gfx_mode=keep
  fi
else
  set linux_gfx_mode=text
fi
export linux_gfx_mode

### END /etc/grub.d/10_linux_proxy ###

Peux-tu faire un boot-info qui peut-être va montrer quelque chose d'anormal. https://doc.ubuntu-fr.org/tutoriel/boot-info et fournir l'URL qui sera générée

En ligne

#15 Le 12/03/2020, à 21:28

Gued1

Re : Ubuntu 18.04LTS démarre qu'en recovery mode + Questions GRUB

Hello, voici l'adresse : http://paste.ubuntu.com/p/FmtHW2QrbM/

Merci docteur.

Hors ligne

#16 Le 12/03/2020, à 21:34

xubu1957

Re : Ubuntu 18.04LTS démarre qu'en recovery mode + Questions GRUB

Bonsoir,

Collage du boot-info :

Boot Info Script 8f991e4 + Boot-Repair extra info      [Boot-Info 25oct2017]


============================= Boot Info Summary: ===============================

 => Grub2 (v2.00) is installed in the MBR of /dev/sda and looks at sector 1 of 
    the same hard drive for core.img. core.img is at this location and looks 
    for (,msdos5)/boot/grub. It also embeds following components:
    
    modules
    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    fshelp ext2 part_msdos biosdisk
    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

sda1: __________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       ntfs
    Boot sector type:  Windows 8/2012: NTFS
    Boot sector info:  No errors found in the Boot Parameter Block.
    Operating System:  
    Boot files:        /bootmgr /Boot/BCD

sda2: __________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       ntfs
    Boot sector type:  Windows Vista: NTFS
    Boot sector info:  No errors found in the Boot Parameter Block.
    Operating System:  
    Boot files:        /bootmgr /Boot/BCD /Windows/System32/winload.exe

sda3: __________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       ntfs
    Boot sector type:  Windows 7/2008: NTFS
    Boot sector info:  No errors found in the Boot Parameter Block.
    Operating System:  
    Boot files:        

sda4: __________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       Extended Partition
    Boot sector type:  -
    Boot sector info: 

sda5: __________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       ext4
    Boot sector type:  -
    Boot sector info: 
    Operating System:  Ubuntu 18.04.4 LTS
    Boot files:        /boot/grub/grub.cfg /etc/fstab 
                       /boot/grub/i386-pc/core.img

============================ Drive/Partition Info: =============================

Drive: sda _____________________________________________________________________
Disk /dev/sda: 931.5 GiB, 1000204886016 bytes, 1953525168 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disklabel type: dos

Partition  Boot  Start Sector    End Sector  # of Sectors  Id System

/dev/sda1    *          2,048     2,459,647     2,457,600   7 NTFS / exFAT / HPFS
/dev/sda2           2,459,648   956,291,063   953,831,416   7 NTFS / exFAT / HPFS
/dev/sda3         956,291,072 1,459,256,253   502,965,182   7 NTFS / exFAT / HPFS
/dev/sda4       1,459,257,342 1,953,523,711   494,266,370   5 Extended
/dev/sda5       1,459,257,344 1,953,523,711   494,266,368  83 Linux


"blkid" output: ________________________________________________________________

Device           UUID                                   TYPE       LABEL

/dev/loop0                                              squashfs   
/dev/loop1                                              squashfs   
/dev/loop2                                              squashfs   
/dev/loop3                                              squashfs   
/dev/loop4                                              squashfs   
/dev/loop5                                              squashfs   
/dev/loop6                                              squashfs   
/dev/loop7                                              squashfs   
/dev/sda1        BE303C82303C43A5                       ntfs       SYSTEM_DRV
/dev/sda2        C0F24078F2407526                       ntfs       Windows7_OS
/dev/sda3        5ADAEDB6DAED8E97                       ntfs       Nouveau nom
/dev/sda5        a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e   ext4       

========================= "ls -l /dev/disk/by-id" output: ======================

total 0
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root  9 Mar 12 21:24 ata-ST1000LM048-2E7172_ZDE9BNER -> ../../sda
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Mar 12 21:24 ata-ST1000LM048-2E7172_ZDE9BNER-part1 -> ../../sda1
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Mar 12 21:24 ata-ST1000LM048-2E7172_ZDE9BNER-part2 -> ../../sda2
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Mar 12 21:24 ata-ST1000LM048-2E7172_ZDE9BNER-part3 -> ../../sda3
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Mar 12 21:24 ata-ST1000LM048-2E7172_ZDE9BNER-part4 -> ../../sda4
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Mar 12 21:24 ata-ST1000LM048-2E7172_ZDE9BNER-part5 -> ../../sda5
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root  9 Mar 12 21:24 usb-Generic-_Multi-Card_20071114173400000-0:0 -> ../../sdb
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root  9 Mar 12 21:24 wwn-0x5000c500b10af8ac -> ../../sda
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Mar 12 21:24 wwn-0x5000c500b10af8ac-part1 -> ../../sda1
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Mar 12 21:24 wwn-0x5000c500b10af8ac-part2 -> ../../sda2
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Mar 12 21:24 wwn-0x5000c500b10af8ac-part3 -> ../../sda3
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Mar 12 21:24 wwn-0x5000c500b10af8ac-part4 -> ../../sda4
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Mar 12 21:24 wwn-0x5000c500b10af8ac-part5 -> ../../sda5

================================ Mount points: =================================

Device           Mount_Point              Type       Options

/dev/sda2        /mnt/boot-sav/sda2       fuseblk    (rw,relatime,user_id=0,group_id=0,allow_other,blksize=4096)
/dev/sda5        /                        ext4       (rw,relatime,errors=remount-ro)


=========================== sda5/boot/grub/grub.cfg: ===========================

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
# DO NOT EDIT THIS FILE
#
# It is automatically generated by grub-mkconfig using templates
# from /etc/grub.d and settings from /etc/default/grub
#

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/00_header ###
if [ -s $prefix/grubenv ]; then
  set have_grubenv=true
  load_env
fi
if [ "${next_entry}" ] ; then
   set default="${next_entry}"
   set next_entry=
   save_env next_entry
   set boot_once=true
else
   set default="0"
fi

if [ x"${feature_menuentry_id}" = xy ]; then
  menuentry_id_option="--id"
else
  menuentry_id_option=""
fi

export menuentry_id_option

if [ "${prev_saved_entry}" ]; then
  set saved_entry="${prev_saved_entry}"
  save_env saved_entry
  set prev_saved_entry=
  save_env prev_saved_entry
  set boot_once=true
fi

function savedefault {
  if [ -z "${boot_once}" ]; then
    saved_entry="${chosen}"
    save_env saved_entry
  fi
}
function recordfail {
  set recordfail=1
  if [ -n "${have_grubenv}" ]; then if [ -z "${boot_once}" ]; then save_env recordfail; fi; fi
}
function load_video {
  if [ x$feature_all_video_module = xy ]; then
    insmod all_video
  else
    insmod efi_gop
    insmod efi_uga
    insmod ieee1275_fb
    insmod vbe
    insmod vga
    insmod video_bochs
    insmod video_cirrus
  fi
}

if [ x$feature_default_font_path = xy ] ; then
   font=unicode
else
insmod part_msdos
insmod ext2
set root='hd0,msdos5'
if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd0,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,msdos5  a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
else
  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
fi
    font="/usr/share/grub/unicode.pf2"
fi

if loadfont $font ; then
  set gfxmode=auto
  load_video
  insmod gfxterm
  set locale_dir=$prefix/locale
  set lang=fr_FR
  insmod gettext
fi
terminal_output gfxterm
if [ "${recordfail}" = 1 ] ; then
  set timeout=30
else
  if [ x$feature_timeout_style = xy ] ; then
    set timeout_style=hidden
    set timeout=10
  # Fallback hidden-timeout code in case the timeout_style feature is
  # unavailable.
  elif sleep --interruptible 10 ; then
    set timeout=0
  fi
fi
### END /etc/grub.d/00_header ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/05_debian_theme ###
set menu_color_normal=white/black
set menu_color_highlight=black/light-gray
if background_color 44,0,30,0; then
  clear
fi
### END /etc/grub.d/05_debian_theme ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/10_linux_proxy ###

function gfxmode {
	set gfxpayload="${1}"
	if [ "${1}" = "keep" ]; then
		set vt_handoff=vt.handoff=1
	else
		set vt_handoff=
	fi
}
if [ "${recordfail}" != 1 ]; then
  if [ -e ${prefix}/gfxblacklist.txt ]; then
    if hwmatch ${prefix}/gfxblacklist.txt 3; then
      if [ ${match} = 0 ]; then
        set linux_gfx_mode=keep
      else
        set linux_gfx_mode=text
      fi
    else
      set linux_gfx_mode=text
    fi
  else
    set linux_gfx_mode=keep
  fi
else
  set linux_gfx_mode=text
fi
export linux_gfx_mode



### END /etc/grub.d/10_linux_proxy ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/30_os-prober_proxy ###
menuentry "Windows 10 (sur /dev/sda1)" --class windows --class os $menuentry_id_option 'osprober-chain-BE303C82303C43A5' {
	insmod part_msdos
	insmod ntfs
	set root='hd0,msdos1'
	if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,msdos1 --hint-efi=hd0,msdos1 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,msdos1  BE303C82303C43A5
	else
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root BE303C82303C43A5
	fi
	parttool ${root} hidden-
	drivemap -s (hd0) ${root}
	chainloader +1
}
### END /etc/grub.d/30_os-prober_proxy ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/31_linux_proxy ###
menuentry "Ubuntu, with Linux 5.3.0-40-generic (recovery mode)" --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-5.3.0-40-generic-recovery-a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e' {
		recordfail
		load_video
		insmod gzio
		if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
		insmod part_msdos
		insmod ext2
		set root='hd0,msdos5'
		if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd0,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,msdos5  a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
		else
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
		fi
		echo	'Chargement de Linux 5.3.0-40-generic…'
	        linux	/boot/vmlinuz-5.3.0-40-generic root=UUID=a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e ro recovery nomodeset 
		echo	'Chargement du disque mémoire initial…'
		initrd	/boot/initrd.img-5.3.0-40-generic
}
submenu "Options avancées pour Ubuntu"{
menuentry "Ubuntu, avec Linux 5.3.0-40-generic" --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-5.3.0-40-generic-advanced-a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e' {
		recordfail
		load_video
		gfxmode $linux_gfx_mode
		insmod gzio
		if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
		insmod part_msdos
		insmod ext2
		set root='hd0,msdos5'
		if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd0,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,msdos5  a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
		else
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
		fi
		echo	'Chargement de Linux 5.3.0-40-generic…'
	        linux	/boot/vmlinuz-5.3.0-40-generic root=UUID=a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e ro  quiet splash $vt_handoff
		echo	'Chargement du disque mémoire initial…'
		initrd	/boot/initrd.img-5.3.0-40-generic
}
menuentry "Ubuntu" --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-simple-a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e' {
	recordfail
	load_video
	gfxmode $linux_gfx_mode
	insmod gzio
	if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
	insmod part_msdos
	insmod ext2
	set root='hd0,msdos5'
	if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd0,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,msdos5  a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
	else
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
	fi
        linux	/boot/vmlinuz-5.3.0-40-generic root=UUID=a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e ro  quiet splash $vt_handoff
	initrd	/boot/initrd.img-5.3.0-40-generic
}
menuentry "Ubuntu, avec Linux 5.3.0-28-generic" --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-5.3.0-28-generic-advanced-a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e' {
		recordfail
		load_video
		gfxmode $linux_gfx_mode
		insmod gzio
		if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
		insmod part_msdos
		insmod ext2
		set root='hd0,msdos5'
		if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd0,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,msdos5  a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
		else
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
		fi
		echo	'Chargement de Linux 5.3.0-28-generic…'
	        linux	/boot/vmlinuz-5.3.0-28-generic root=UUID=a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e ro  quiet splash $vt_handoff
		echo	'Chargement du disque mémoire initial…'
		initrd	/boot/initrd.img-5.3.0-28-generic
}
menuentry "Ubuntu, with Linux 5.3.0-28-generic (recovery mode)" --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-5.3.0-28-generic-recovery-a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e' {
		recordfail
		load_video
		insmod gzio
		if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
		insmod part_msdos
		insmod ext2
		set root='hd0,msdos5'
		if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd0,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,msdos5  a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
		else
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
		fi
		echo	'Chargement de Linux 5.3.0-28-generic…'
	        linux	/boot/vmlinuz-5.3.0-28-generic root=UUID=a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e ro recovery nomodeset 
		echo	'Chargement du disque mémoire initial…'
		initrd	/boot/initrd.img-5.3.0-28-generic
}
}
### END /etc/grub.d/31_linux_proxy ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/32_linux_xen ###

### END /etc/grub.d/32_linux_xen ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/33_memtest86+_proxy ###



### END /etc/grub.d/33_memtest86+_proxy ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/34_os-prober_proxy ###



set timeout_style=menu
if [ "${timeout}" = 0 ]; then
  set timeout=10
fi
### END /etc/grub.d/34_os-prober_proxy ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/35_memtest86+_proxy ###
menuentry "Memory test (memtest86+)" {
	insmod part_msdos
	insmod ext2
	set root='hd0,msdos5'
	if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd0,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,msdos5  a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
	else
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
	fi
	knetbsd	/boot/memtest86+.elf
}
menuentry "Memory test (memtest86+, serial console 115200)" {
	insmod part_msdos
	insmod ext2
	set root='hd0,msdos5'
	if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd0,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,msdos5  a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
	else
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
	fi
	linux16	/boot/memtest86+.bin console=ttyS0,115200n8
}
### END /etc/grub.d/35_memtest86+_proxy ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/36_uefi-firmware ###
### END /etc/grub.d/36_uefi-firmware ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/40_custom ###
# This file provides an easy way to add custom menu entries.  Simply type the
# menu entries you want to add after this comment.  Be careful not to change
# the 'exec tail' line above.
### END /etc/grub.d/40_custom ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/41_custom ###
if [ -f  ${config_directory}/custom.cfg ]; then
  source ${config_directory}/custom.cfg
elif [ -z "${config_directory}" -a -f  $prefix/custom.cfg ]; then
  source $prefix/custom.cfg;
fi
### END /etc/grub.d/41_custom ###
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

=============================== sda5/etc/fstab: ================================

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /etc/fstab: static file system information.
#
# Use 'blkid' to print the universally unique identifier for a
# device; this may be used with UUID= as a more robust way to name devices
# that works even if disks are added and removed. See fstab(5).
#
# <file system> <mount point>   <type>  <options>       <dump>  <pass>
# / was on /dev/sda5 during installation
UUID=a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e /               ext4    errors=remount-ro 0       1
/swapfile                                 none            swap    sw              0       0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

=================== sda5: Location of files loaded by Grub: ====================

           GiB - GB             File                                 Fragment(s)

 792.172050476 = 850.588262400  boot/grub/grub.cfg                             2
 791.954341888 = 850.354499584  boot/grub/i386-pc/core.img                     1
 700.101558685 = 751.728324608  boot/vmlinuz-5.3.0-28-generic                  2
 700.992885590 = 752.685379584  boot/vmlinuz-5.3.0-40-generic                  1
 700.992885590 = 752.685379584  vmlinuz                                        1
 700.101558685 = 751.728324608  vmlinuz.old                                    2
 702.288547516 = 754.076585984  boot/initrd.img-5.3.0-28-generic               1
 702.210483551 = 753.992765440  boot/initrd.img-5.3.0-40-generic               2
 702.210483551 = 753.992765440  initrd.img                                     2
 702.288547516 = 754.076585984  initrd.img.old                                 1

========= Devices which don't seem to have a corresponding hard drive: =========

sdb 


ADDITIONAL INFORMATION :
=================== log of boot-info 20200312_2123 ===================
boot-info version : 4ppa66
boot-sav version : 4ppa66
boot-sav-extra version : 4ppa66
glade2script version : 3.2.3~ppa4
Partition 4 does not start on physical sector boundary.
boot-info is executed in installed-session (Ubuntu 18.04.4 LTS, bionic, Ubuntu, x86_64)
CPU op-mode(s):      32-bit, 64-bit
BOOT_IMAGE=/boot/vmlinuz-5.3.0-40-generic root=UUID=a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e ro recovery nomodeset

=================== os-prober:
/dev/sda5:L'OS actuellement utilisé - Ubuntu 18.04.4 LTS CurrentSession:linux
/dev/sda1:Windows 10:Windows:chain
/dev/sda2:Windows 7:Windows1:chain

=================== blkid:
/dev/loop0: TYPE="squashfs"
/dev/loop1: TYPE="squashfs"
/dev/loop2: TYPE="squashfs"
/dev/loop3: TYPE="squashfs"
/dev/loop4: TYPE="squashfs"
/dev/loop5: TYPE="squashfs"
/dev/loop6: TYPE="squashfs"
/dev/loop7: TYPE="squashfs"
/dev/sda1: LABEL="SYSTEM_DRV" UUID="BE303C82303C43A5" TYPE="ntfs" PARTUUID="7ffd6b42-01"
/dev/sda2: LABEL="Windows7_OS" UUID="C0F24078F2407526" TYPE="ntfs" PARTUUID="7ffd6b42-02"
/dev/sda3: LABEL="Nouveau nom" UUID="5ADAEDB6DAED8E97" TYPE="ntfs" PARTUUID="7ffd6b42-03"
/dev/sda5: UUID="a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e" TYPE="ext4" PARTUUID="7ffd6b42-05"


1 disks with OS, 3 OS : 1 Linux, 0 MacOS, 2 Windows, 0 unknown type OS.

Partition 4 does not start on physical sector boundary.
Partition 4 does not start on physical sector boundary.

=================== /etc/grub.d/ :
drwxr-xr-x  5 root root    4096 mars   1 21:45 grub.d
drwxr-xr-x  2 root root    4096 févr.  3 19:25 grub.d.ori
total 84
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 10046 nov.  11 06:52 00_header
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  6258 mars  18  2019 05_debian_theme
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root   702 mars   1 21:45 10_linux_proxy
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root   251 mars   1 21:45 30_os-prober_proxy
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root   701 mars   1 21:45 31_linux_proxy
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 11298 nov.  11 06:52 32_linux_xen
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root   265 mars   1 21:45 33_memtest86+_proxy
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root   251 mars   1 21:45 34_os-prober_proxy
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root   265 mars   1 21:45 35_memtest86+_proxy
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  1418 nov.  11 06:52 36_uefi-firmware
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root   214 nov.  11 06:52 40_custom
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root   216 nov.  11 06:52 41_custom
drwxr-xr-x 4 root root  4096 mars   1 21:44 backup
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root  4096 mars   1 21:44 bin
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root  4096 mars   1 21:45 proxifiedScripts
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root   483 nov.  11 06:52 README




=================== /etc/default/grub :

# If you change this file, run 'update-grub' afterwards to update
# /boot/grub/grub.cfg.
# For full documentation of the options in this file, see:
#   info -f grub -n 'Simple configuration'

GRUB_DEFAULT="0"
GRUB_TIMEOUT_STYLE="hidden"
GRUB_TIMEOUT="10"
GRUB_DISTRIBUTOR="`lsb_release -i -s 2> /dev/null || echo Debian`"
GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT="quiet splash"
GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=""

# Uncomment to enable BadRAM filtering, modify to suit your needs
# This works with Linux (no patch required) and with any kernel that obtains
# the memory map information from GRUB (GNU Mach, kernel of FreeBSD ...)
#GRUB_BADRAM="0x01234567,0xfefefefe,0x89abcdef,0xefefefef"

# Uncomment to disable graphical terminal (grub-pc only)
#GRUB_TERMINAL="console"

# The resolution used on graphical terminal
# note that you can use only modes which your graphic card supports via VBE
# you can see them in real GRUB with the command `vbeinfo'
#GRUB_GFXMODE="640x480"

# Uncomment if you don't want GRUB to pass "root=UUID=xxx" parameter to Linux
#GRUB_DISABLE_LINUX_UUID="true"

# Uncomment to disable generation of recovery mode menu entries
#GRUB_DISABLE_RECOVERY="true"

# Uncomment to get a beep at grub start
#GRUB_INIT_TUNE="480 440 1"




=================== UEFI/Legacy mode:
This installed-session is not in EFI-mode.
SecureBoot disabled.


=================== PARTITIONS & DISKS:
sda5	: sda,	not-sepboot,	grubenv-ok	grub2,	grub-pc ,	update-grub,	64,	with-boot,	is-os,	not--efi--part,	fstab-without-boot,	fstab-without-efi,	no-nt,	no-winload,	no-recov-nor-hid,	no-bmgr,	notwinboot,	apt-get,	grub-install,	with--usr,	fstab-without-usr,	not-sep-usr,	customized,	farbios,	notbiosboot, .
sda1	: sda,	not-sepboot,	no-grubenv	nogrub,	no-docgrub,	no-update-grub,	32,	no-boot,	is-os,	not--efi--part,	part-has-no-fstab,	part-has-no-fstab,	no-nt,	no-winload,	no-recov-nor-hid,	bootmgr,	is-winboot,	nopakmgr,	nogrubinstall,	no---usr,	part-has-no-fstab,	not-sep-usr,	standard,	not-far,	notbiosboot, /mnt/boot-sav/sda1.
sda2	: sda,	not-sepboot,	no-grubenv	nogrub,	no-docgrub,	no-update-grub,	32,	no-boot,	is-os,	not--efi--part,	part-has-no-fstab,	part-has-no-fstab,	no-nt,	haswinload,	no-recov-nor-hid,	bootmgr,	is-winboot,	nopakmgr,	nogrubinstall,	no---usr,	part-has-no-fstab,	not-sep-usr,	standard,	farbios,	notbiosboot, /mnt/boot-sav/sda2.
sda3	: sda,	not-sepboot,	no-grubenv	nogrub,	no-docgrub,	no-update-grub,	32,	no-boot,	no-os,	not--efi--part,	part-has-no-fstab,	part-has-no-fstab,	no-nt,	no-winload,	no-recov-nor-hid,	no-bmgr,	notwinboot,	nopakmgr,	nogrubinstall,	no---usr,	part-has-no-fstab,	not-sep-usr,	standard,	farbios,	notbiosboot, /mnt/boot-sav/sda3.

sda	: not-GPT,	BIOSboot-not-needed,	has-no-EFIpart, 	not-usb,	not-mmc, has-os,	2048 sectors * 512 bytes


=================== parted -lm:

BYT;
/dev/sda:1000GB:scsi:512:4096:msdos:ATA ST1000LM048-2E71:;
1:1049kB:1259MB:1258MB:ntfs::boot;
2:1259MB:490GB:488GB:ntfs::;
3:490GB:747GB:258GB:ntfs::;
4:747GB:1000GB:253GB:::;
5:747GB:1000GB:253GB:ext4::;

=================== lsblk:
KNAME TYPE FSTYPE     SIZE LABEL
loop0 loop squashfs   956K
loop1 loop squashfs  89,1M
loop2 loop squashfs 160,2M
loop3 loop squashfs  44,9M
loop4 loop squashfs  14,8M
loop5 loop squashfs   4,2M
loop6 loop squashfs  54,7M
loop7 loop squashfs   3,7M
sda   disk          931,5G
sda1  part ntfs       1,2G SYSTEM_DRV
sda2  part ntfs     454,8G Windows7_OS
sda3  part ntfs     239,9G Nouveau nom
sda4  part              1K
sda5  part ext4     235,7G

KNAME ROTA RO RM STATE   MOUNTPOINT
loop0    1  1  0         /snap/gnome-logs/81
loop1    1  1  0         /snap/core/8268
loop2    1  1  0         /snap/gnome-3-28-1804/116
loop3    1  1  0         /snap/gtk-common-themes/1440
loop4    1  1  0         /snap/gnome-characters/399
loop5    1  1  0         /snap/gnome-calculator/544
loop6    1  1  0         /snap/core18/1668
loop7    1  1  0         /snap/gnome-system-monitor/127
sda      1  0  0 running
sda1     1  0  0         /mnt/boot-sav/sda1
sda2     1  0  0         /mnt/boot-sav/sda2
sda3     1  0  0         /mnt/boot-sav/sda3
sda4     1  0  0
sda5     1  0  0         /


=================== mount:
sysfs on /sys type sysfs (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime)
proc on /proc type proc (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime)
udev on /dev type devtmpfs (rw,nosuid,relatime,size=1887876k,nr_inodes=471969,mode=755)
devpts on /dev/pts type devpts (rw,nosuid,noexec,relatime,gid=5,mode=620,ptmxmode=000)
tmpfs on /run type tmpfs (rw,nosuid,noexec,relatime,size=382444k,mode=755)
/dev/sda5 on / type ext4 (rw,relatime,errors=remount-ro)
securityfs on /sys/kernel/security type securityfs (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime)
tmpfs on /dev/shm type tmpfs (rw,nosuid,nodev)
tmpfs on /run/lock type tmpfs (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,size=5120k)
tmpfs on /sys/fs/cgroup type tmpfs (ro,nosuid,nodev,noexec,mode=755)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/unified type cgroup2 (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,nsdelegate)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/systemd type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,xattr,name=systemd)
pstore on /sys/fs/pstore type pstore (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/rdma type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,rdma)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/blkio type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,blkio)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/freezer type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,freezer)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/pids type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,pids)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/hugetlb type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,hugetlb)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/memory type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,memory)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/net_cls,net_prio type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,net_cls,net_prio)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/cpu,cpuacct type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,cpu,cpuacct)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/perf_event type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,perf_event)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/cpuset type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,cpuset)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/devices type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,devices)
systemd-1 on /proc/sys/fs/binfmt_misc type autofs (rw,relatime,fd=32,pgrp=1,timeout=0,minproto=5,maxproto=5,direct,pipe_ino=16246)
mqueue on /dev/mqueue type mqueue (rw,relatime)
hugetlbfs on /dev/hugepages type hugetlbfs (rw,relatime,pagesize=2M)
debugfs on /sys/kernel/debug type debugfs (rw,relatime)
fusectl on /sys/fs/fuse/connections type fusectl (rw,relatime)
configfs on /sys/kernel/config type configfs (rw,relatime)
/var/lib/snapd/snaps/gnome-logs_81.snap on /snap/gnome-logs/81 type squashfs (ro,nodev,relatime,x-gdu.hide)
/var/lib/snapd/snaps/gnome-3-28-1804_116.snap on /snap/gnome-3-28-1804/116 type squashfs (ro,nodev,relatime,x-gdu.hide)
/var/lib/snapd/snaps/gtk-common-themes_1440.snap on /snap/gtk-common-themes/1440 type squashfs (ro,nodev,relatime,x-gdu.hide)
/var/lib/snapd/snaps/core_8268.snap on /snap/core/8268 type squashfs (ro,nodev,relatime,x-gdu.hide)
/var/lib/snapd/snaps/gnome-characters_399.snap on /snap/gnome-characters/399 type squashfs (ro,nodev,relatime,x-gdu.hide)
/var/lib/snapd/snaps/gnome-calculator_544.snap on /snap/gnome-calculator/544 type squashfs (ro,nodev,relatime,x-gdu.hide)
/var/lib/snapd/snaps/core18_1668.snap on /snap/core18/1668 type squashfs (ro,nodev,relatime,x-gdu.hide)
/var/lib/snapd/snaps/gnome-system-monitor_127.snap on /snap/gnome-system-monitor/127 type squashfs (ro,nodev,relatime,x-gdu.hide)
tmpfs on /run/user/121 type tmpfs (rw,nosuid,nodev,relatime,size=382440k,mode=700,uid=121,gid=125)
gvfsd-fuse on /run/user/121/gvfs type fuse.gvfsd-fuse (rw,nosuid,nodev,relatime,user_id=121,group_id=125)
tmpfs on /run/user/1000 type tmpfs (rw,nosuid,nodev,relatime,size=382440k,mode=700,uid=1000,gid=1000)
gvfsd-fuse on /run/user/1000/gvfs type fuse.gvfsd-fuse (rw,nosuid,nodev,relatime,user_id=1000,group_id=1000)
/dev/sda1 on /mnt/boot-sav/sda1 type fuseblk (rw,relatime,user_id=0,group_id=0,allow_other,blksize=4096)
/dev/sda2 on /mnt/boot-sav/sda2 type fuseblk (rw,relatime,user_id=0,group_id=0,allow_other,blksize=4096)
/dev/sda3 on /mnt/boot-sav/sda3 type fuseblk (rw,relatime,user_id=0,group_id=0,allow_other,blksize=4096)


=================== ls:
/sys/block/sda (filtered):  alignment_offset bdi capability dev device discard_alignment events events_async events_poll_msecs ext_range hidden holders inflight integrity mq power queue range removable ro sda1 sda2 sda3 sda4 sda5 size slaves stat subsystem trace uevent
/sys/block/sdb (filtered):  alignment_offset bdi capability dev device discard_alignment events events_async events_poll_msecs ext_range hidden holders inflight integrity mq power queue range removable ro size slaves stat subsystem trace uevent
/dev (filtered):  autofs block bsg btrfs-control bus char console core cpu cpu_dma_latency cuse disk ecryptfs fd full fuse hidraw0 hidraw1 hidraw2 hpet hugepages hwrng initctl input kmsg lightnvm log mapper mcelog media0 mei0 mem memory_bandwidth mqueue net network_latency network_throughput null port ppp psaux ptmx pts random rfkill rtc rtc0 sda sda1 sda2 sda3 sda4 sda5 sdb serial sg0 sg1 shm snapshot snd stderr stdin stdout udmabuf uhid uinput urandom usb userio v4l vfio vga_arbiter vhci vhost-net vhost-vsock video0 video1 zero zfs
ls /dev/mapper:  control

=================== hexdump -n512 -C /dev/sda1
00000000  eb 52 90 4e 54 46 53 20  20 20 20 00 02 08 00 00  |.R.NTFS    .....|
00000010  00 00 00 00 00 f8 00 00  3f 00 ff 00 00 08 00 00  |........?.......|
00000020  00 00 00 00 80 00 80 00  ff 7f 25 00 00 00 00 00  |..........%.....|
00000030  00 90 01 00 00 00 00 00  ff 57 02 00 00 00 00 00  |.........W......|
00000040  f6 00 00 00 01 00 00 00  a5 43 3c 30 82 3c 30 be  |.........C<0.<0.|
00000050  00 00 00 00 fa 33 c0 8e  d0 bc 00 7c fb 68 c0 07  |.....3.....|.h..|
00000060  1f 1e 68 66 00 cb 88 16  0e 00 66 81 3e 03 00 4e  |..hf......f.>..N|
00000070  54 46 53 75 15 b4 41 bb  aa 55 cd 13 72 0c 81 fb  |TFSu..A..U..r...|
00000080  55 aa 75 06 f7 c1 01 00  75 03 e9 dd 00 1e 83 ec  |U.u.....u.......|
00000090  18 68 1a 00 b4 48 8a 16  0e 00 8b f4 16 1f cd 13  |.h...H..........|
000000a0  9f 83 c4 18 9e 58 1f 72  e1 3b 06 0b 00 75 db a3  |.....X.r.;...u..|
000000b0  0f 00 c1 2e 0f 00 04 1e  5a 33 db b9 00 20 2b c8  |........Z3... +.|
000000c0  66 ff 06 11 00 03 16 0f  00 8e c2 ff 06 16 00 e8  |f...............|
000000d0  4b 00 2b c8 77 ef b8 00  bb cd 1a 66 23 c0 75 2d  |K.+.w......f#.u-|
000000e0  66 81 fb 54 43 50 41 75  24 81 f9 02 01 72 1e 16  |f..TCPAu$....r..|
000000f0  68 07 bb 16 68 52 11 16  68 09 00 66 53 66 53 66  |h...hR..h..fSfSf|
00000100  55 16 16 16 68 b8 01 66  61 0e 07 cd 1a 33 c0 bf  |U...h..fa....3..|
00000110  0a 13 b9 f6 0c fc f3 aa  e9 fe 01 90 90 66 60 1e  |.............f`.|
00000120  06 66 a1 11 00 66 03 06  1c 00 1e 66 68 00 00 00  |.f...f.....fh...|
00000130  00 66 50 06 53 68 01 00  68 10 00 b4 42 8a 16 0e  |.fP.Sh..h...B...|
00000140  00 16 1f 8b f4 cd 13 66  59 5b 5a 66 59 66 59 1f  |.......fY[ZfYfY.|
00000150  0f 82 16 00 66 ff 06 11  00 03 16 0f 00 8e c2 ff  |....f...........|
00000160  0e 16 00 75 bc 07 1f 66  61 c3 a1 f6 01 e8 09 00  |...u...fa.......|
00000170  a1 fa 01 e8 03 00 f4 eb  fd 8b f0 ac 3c 00 74 09  |............<.t.|
00000180  b4 0e bb 07 00 cd 10 eb  f2 c3 0d 0a 41 20 64 69  |............A di|
00000190  73 6b 20 72 65 61 64 20  65 72 72 6f 72 20 6f 63  |sk read error oc|
000001a0  63 75 72 72 65 64 00 0d  0a 42 4f 4f 54 4d 47 52  |curred...BOOTMGR|
000001b0  20 69 73 20 63 6f 6d 70  72 65 73 73 65 64 00 0d  | is compressed..|
000001c0  0a 50 72 65 73 73 20 43  74 72 6c 2b 41 6c 74 2b  |.Press Ctrl+Alt+|
000001d0  44 65 6c 20 74 6f 20 72  65 73 74 61 72 74 0d 0a  |Del to restart..|
000001e0  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |................|
000001f0  00 00 00 00 00 00 8a 01  a7 01 bf 01 00 00 55 aa  |..............U.|
00000200

=================== hexdump -n512 -C /dev/sda2
00000000  eb 52 90 4e 54 46 53 20  20 20 20 00 02 08 00 00  |.R.NTFS    .....|
00000010  00 00 00 00 00 f8 00 00  3f 00 ff 00 00 88 25 00  |........?.....%.|
00000020  00 00 00 00 80 00 80 00  f7 4f da 38 00 00 00 00  |.........O.8....|
00000030  00 00 0c 00 00 00 00 00  ff 2c a1 03 00 00 00 00  |.........,......|
00000040  f6 00 00 00 01 00 00 00  26 75 40 f2 78 40 f2 c0  |........&u@.x@..|
00000050  00 00 00 00 fa 33 c0 8e  d0 bc 00 7c fb 68 c0 07  |.....3.....|.h..|
00000060  1f 1e 68 66 00 cb 88 16  0e 00 66 81 3e 03 00 4e  |..hf......f.>..N|
00000070  54 46 53 75 15 b4 41 bb  aa 55 cd 13 72 0c 81 fb  |TFSu..A..U..r...|
00000080  55 aa 75 06 f7 c1 01 00  75 03 e9 d2 00 1e 83 ec  |U.u.....u.......|
00000090  18 68 1a 00 b4 48 8a 16  0e 00 8b f4 16 1f cd 13  |.h...H..........|
000000a0  9f 83 c4 18 9e 58 1f 72  e1 3b 06 0b 00 75 db a3  |.....X.r.;...u..|
000000b0  0f 00 c1 2e 0f 00 04 1e  5a 33 db b9 00 20 2b c8  |........Z3... +.|
000000c0  66 ff 06 11 00 03 16 0f  00 8e c2 ff 06 16 00 e8  |f...............|
000000d0  40 00 2b c8 77 ef b8 00  bb cd 1a 66 23 c0 75 2d  |@.+.w......f#.u-|
000000e0  66 81 fb 54 43 50 41 75  24 81 f9 02 01 72 1e 16  |f..TCPAu$....r..|
000000f0  68 07 bb 16 68 70 0e 16  68 09 00 66 53 66 53 66  |h...hp..h..fSfSf|
00000100  55 16 16 16 68 b8 01 66  61 0e 07 cd 1a e9 6a 01  |U...h..fa.....j.|
00000110  90 90 66 60 1e 06 66 a1  11 00 66 03 06 1c 00 1e  |..f`..f...f.....|
00000120  66 68 00 00 00 00 66 50  06 53 68 01 00 68 10 00  |fh....fP.Sh..h..|
00000130  b4 42 8a 16 0e 00 16 1f  8b f4 cd 13 66 59 5b 5a  |.B..........fY[Z|
00000140  66 59 66 59 1f 0f 82 16  00 66 ff 06 11 00 03 16  |fYfY.....f......|
00000150  0f 00 8e c2 ff 0e 16 00  75 bc 07 1f 66 61 c3 a0  |........u...fa..|
00000160  f8 01 e8 08 00 a0 fb 01  e8 02 00 eb fe b4 01 8b  |................|
00000170  f0 ac 3c 00 74 09 b4 0e  bb 07 00 cd 10 eb f2 c3  |..<.t...........|
00000180  0d 0a 41 20 64 69 73 6b  20 72 65 61 64 20 65 72  |..A disk read er|
00000190  72 6f 72 20 6f 63 63 75  72 72 65 64 00 0d 0a 42  |ror occurred...B|
000001a0  4f 4f 54 4d 47 52 20 69  73 20 6d 69 73 73 69 6e  |OOTMGR is missin|
000001b0  67 00 0d 0a 42 4f 4f 54  4d 47 52 20 69 73 20 63  |g...BOOTMGR is c|
000001c0  6f 6d 70 72 65 73 73 65  64 00 0d 0a 50 72 65 73  |ompressed...Pres|
000001d0  73 20 43 74 72 6c 2b 41  6c 74 2b 44 65 6c 20 74  |s Ctrl+Alt+Del t|
000001e0  6f 20 72 65 73 74 61 72  74 0d 0a 00 00 00 00 00  |o restart.......|
000001f0  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  80 9d b2 ca 00 00 55 aa  |..............U.|
00000200

=================== hexdump -n512 -C /dev/sda3
00000000  eb 52 90 4e 54 46 53 20  20 20 20 00 02 08 00 00  |.R.NTFS    .....|
00000010  00 00 00 00 00 f8 00 00  3f 00 ff 00 00 d8 ff 38  |........?......8|
00000020  00 00 00 00 80 00 80 00  b8 a3 fa 1d 00 00 00 00  |................|
00000030  00 00 0c 00 00 00 00 00  02 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |................|
00000040  f6 00 00 00 01 00 00 00  97 8e ed da b6 ed da 5a  |...............Z|
00000050  00 00 00 00 fa 33 c0 8e  d0 bc 00 7c fb 68 c0 07  |.....3.....|.h..|
00000060  1f 1e 68 66 00 cb 88 16  0e 00 66 81 3e 03 00 4e  |..hf......f.>..N|
00000070  54 46 53 75 15 b4 41 bb  aa 55 cd 13 72 0c 81 fb  |TFSu..A..U..r...|
00000080  55 aa 75 06 f7 c1 01 00  75 03 e9 dd 00 1e 83 ec  |U.u.....u.......|
00000090  18 68 1a 00 b4 48 8a 16  0e 00 8b f4 16 1f cd 13  |.h...H..........|
000000a0  9f 83 c4 18 9e 58 1f 72  e1 3b 06 0b 00 75 db a3  |.....X.r.;...u..|
000000b0  0f 00 c1 2e 0f 00 04 1e  5a 33 db b9 00 20 2b c8  |........Z3... +.|
000000c0  66 ff 06 11 00 03 16 0f  00 8e c2 ff 06 16 00 e8  |f...............|
000000d0  4b 00 2b c8 77 ef b8 00  bb cd 1a 66 23 c0 75 2d  |K.+.w......f#.u-|
000000e0  66 81 fb 54 43 50 41 75  24 81 f9 02 01 72 1e 16  |f..TCPAu$....r..|
000000f0  68 07 bb 16 68 70 0e 16  68 09 00 66 53 66 53 66  |h...hp..h..fSfSf|
00000100  55 16 16 16 68 b8 01 66  61 0e 07 cd 1a 33 c0 bf  |U...h..fa....3..|
00000110  28 10 b9 d8 0f fc f3 aa  e9 5f 01 90 90 66 60 1e  |(........_...f`.|
00000120  06 66 a1 11 00 66 03 06  1c 00 1e 66 68 00 00 00  |.f...f.....fh...|
00000130  00 66 50 06 53 68 01 00  68 10 00 b4 42 8a 16 0e  |.fP.Sh..h...B...|
00000140  00 16 1f 8b f4 cd 13 66  59 5b 5a 66 59 66 59 1f  |.......fY[ZfYfY.|
00000150  0f 82 16 00 66 ff 06 11  00 03 16 0f 00 8e c2 ff  |....f...........|
00000160  0e 16 00 75 bc 07 1f 66  61 c3 a0 f8 01 e8 09 00  |...u...fa.......|
00000170  a0 fb 01 e8 03 00 f4 eb  fd b4 01 8b f0 ac 3c 00  |..............<.|
00000180  74 09 b4 0e bb 07 00 cd  10 eb f2 c3 0d 0a 45 72  |t.............Er|
00000190  72 65 75 72 20 6c 65 63  74 75 72 65 20 64 69 73  |reur lecture dis|
000001a0  71 75 65 00 0d 0a 42 4f  4f 54 4d 47 52 20 61 62  |que...BOOTMGR ab|
000001b0  73 65 6e 74 00 0d 0a 42  4f 4f 54 4d 47 52 20 63  |sent...BOOTMGR c|
000001c0  6f 6d 70 72 65 73 73 82  00 0d 0a 43 74 72 6c 2b  |ompress....Ctrl+|
000001d0  41 6c 74 2b 53 75 70 70  72 20 70 6f 75 72 20 72  |Alt+Suppr pour r|
000001e0  65 64 82 6d 61 72 72 65  72 0d 0a 00 6f 20 72 65  |ed.marrer...o re|
000001f0  73 74 61 72 74 0d 0a 00  8c a4 b5 c9 00 00 55 aa  |start.........U.|
00000200
Partition 4 does not start on physical sector boundary.

=================== df -Th:

Filesystem     Type      Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
udev           devtmpfs  1.9G     0  1.9G   0% /dev
tmpfs          tmpfs     374M  1.9M  372M   1% /run
/dev/sda5      ext4      231G  7.6G  212G   4% /
tmpfs          tmpfs     1.9G   43M  1.8G   3% /dev/shm
tmpfs          tmpfs     5.0M  4.0K  5.0M   1% /run/lock
tmpfs          tmpfs     1.9G     0  1.9G   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
/dev/loop0     squashfs  1.0M  1.0M     0 100% /snap/gnome-logs/81
/dev/loop2     squashfs  161M  161M     0 100% /snap/gnome-3-28-1804/116
/dev/loop3     squashfs   45M   45M     0 100% /snap/gtk-common-themes/1440
/dev/loop1     squashfs   90M   90M     0 100% /snap/core/8268
/dev/loop4     squashfs   15M   15M     0 100% /snap/gnome-characters/399
/dev/loop5     squashfs  4.3M  4.3M     0 100% /snap/gnome-calculator/544
/dev/loop6     squashfs   55M   55M     0 100% /snap/core18/1668
/dev/loop7     squashfs  3.8M  3.8M     0 100% /snap/gnome-system-monitor/127
tmpfs          tmpfs     374M   12K  374M   1% /run/user/121
tmpfs          tmpfs     374M   40K  374M   1% /run/user/1000
/dev/sda1      fuseblk   1.2G  605M  596M  51% /mnt/boot-sav/sda1
/dev/sda2      fuseblk   455G  118G  337G  26% /mnt/boot-sav/sda2
/dev/sda3      fuseblk   240G  1.9G  238G   1% /mnt/boot-sav/sda3

=================== fdisk -l:
Disk /dev/loop0: 956 KiB, 978944 bytes, 1912 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/loop1: 89.1 MiB, 93417472 bytes, 182456 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/loop2: 160.2 MiB, 167931904 bytes, 327992 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/loop3: 44.9 MiB, 47063040 bytes, 91920 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/loop4: 14.8 MiB, 15462400 bytes, 30200 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/loop5: 4.2 MiB, 4403200 bytes, 8600 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/loop6: 54.7 MiB, 57294848 bytes, 111904 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/loop7: 3.7 MiB, 3825664 bytes, 7472 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/sda: 931.5 GiB, 1000204886016 bytes, 1953525168 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disklabel type: dos
Disk identifier: 0x7ffd6b42

Device     Boot      Start        End   Sectors   Size Id Type
/dev/sda1  *          2048    2459647   2457600   1.2G  7 HPFS/NTFS/exFAT
/dev/sda2          2459648  956291063 953831416 454.8G  7 HPFS/NTFS/exFAT
/dev/sda3        956291072 1459256253 502965182 239.9G  7 HPFS/NTFS/exFAT
/dev/sda4       1459257342 1953523711 494266370 235.7G  5 Extended
/dev/sda5       1459257344 1953523711 494266368 235.7G 83 Linux




=================== Suggested repair
The default repair of the Boot-Repair utility would purge (in order to fix customized files) and reinstall the grub2 of sda5 into the MBR of sda.
Additional repair would be performed: unhide-bootmenu-10s


=================== Final advice in case of suggested repair


Les fichiers de démarrage de [L'OS actuellement utilisé - Ubuntu 18.04.4 LTS] sont loin du début du disque. Votre BIOS pourrait ne pas les détecter. Vous voudrez peut-être re-essayer après avoir créé une partition /boot (EXT4, >200MB, en début de disque). Cela peut être réalisé via des outils tels que gParted. Puis sélectionnez cette partition via l'option [Partition /boot séparée :] de [Boot-Repair]. (http://doc.ubuntu-fr.org/tutoriel/partition_boot)


=================== User settings
The settings chosen by the user will not act on the boot.

Important : Pensez à passer vos sujets en [Résolu] lorsque ceux-ci le sont, au début du titre en cliquant sur Modifier sous le premier message, et un bref récapitulatif de la solution à la fin de celui-ci. Merci.

Xubuntu 18.04.1 LTS - Lenovo T410 -Toshiba Satellite A300  Membre de Linux-Azur

Hors ligne

#17 Le 23/03/2020, à 22:45

Gued1

Re : Ubuntu 18.04LTS démarre qu'en recovery mode + Questions GRUB

Hello,

Je pense que la situation me semble être dans une impasse.

Comment réinstaller Ubuntu en conservant / sauvegardant mon Grub actuel pour être certain de retrouver l'accès au minimum à Win10 et au mieux Win10 + Ubuntu en cas de soucis ?
Mon Grub actuel est pas terrible, il faut que je passe par 2 menus et quelques manips décrite plus haut pour accéder à Ubuntu mais il fonctionne. Comment me conseillez vous de le modifier ou quel Tuto vous semble accessible à mon niveau pour le faire moi même ?

Merci.

Hors ligne

#18 Le 23/03/2020, à 23:52

geole

Re : Ubuntu 18.04LTS démarre qu'en recovery mode + Questions GRUB

Bonsoir
Pour l'instant  ton ordinateur fonctionne. Si tu décides de réinstaller ubuntu, le résultat sera identique
Comme tu peux booter en mode recovery  et qu'il n'y a  pas de pilote propriétaire, on va faire en sorte de mettre en standard, l'une des options du mode recovery.
1) Modification du fichier /etc default/grub avec un éditeur par exemple 

gedit admin:///etc/default/grub

Cette ligne

GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT="quiet splash"

doit devenir

GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT="quiet splash nomodeset"

sauver, quitter et valider la modification avec la commande

sudo update-grub

En ligne

#19 Le 24/03/2020, à 00:44

Babdu89

Re : Ubuntu 18.04LTS démarre qu'en recovery mode + Questions GRUB

Bonsoir.

@geole,  as tu remarqué que le grub.cfg à été modifié par Grub-Customizer?

Les menuentry de Ubuntu sont après celui de Windows;




### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/30_os-prober_proxy ###
menuentry "Windows 10 (sur /dev/sda1)" --class windows --class os $menuentry_id_option 'osprober-chain-BE303C82303C43A5' {
	insmod part_msdos
	insmod ntfs
	set root='hd0,msdos1'
	if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,msdos1 --hint-efi=hd0,msdos1 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,msdos1  BE303C82303C43A5
	else
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root BE303C82303C43A5
	fi
	parttool ${root} hidden-
	drivemap -s (hd0) ${root}
	chainloader +1
}
### END /etc/grub.d/30_os-prober_proxy ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/31_linux_proxy ###
menuentry "Ubuntu, with Linux 5.3.0-40-generic (recovery mode)" --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-5.3.0-40-generic-recovery-a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e' {
		recordfail
		load_video
		insmod gzio
		if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
		insmod part_msdos
		insmod ext2
		set root='hd0,msdos5'
		if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd0,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,msdos5  a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
		else
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
		fi
		echo	'Chargement de Linux 5.3.0-40-generic…'
	        linux	/boot/vmlinuz-5.3.0-40-generic root=UUID=a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e ro recovery nomodeset 
		echo	'Chargement du disque mémoire initial…'
		initrd	/boot/initrd.img-5.3.0-40-generic
}
submenu "Options avancées pour Ubuntu"{
menuentry "Ubuntu, avec Linux 5.3.0-40-generic" --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-5.3.0-40-generic-advanced-a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e' {
		recordfail
		load_video
		gfxmode $linux_gfx_mode
		insmod gzio
		if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
		insmod part_msdos
		insmod ext2
		set root='hd0,msdos5'
		if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd0,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,msdos5  a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
		else
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
		fi
		echo	'Chargement de Linux 5.3.0-40-generic…'
	        linux	/boot/vmlinuz-5.3.0-40-generic root=UUID=a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e ro  quiet splash $vt_handoff
		echo	'Chargement du disque mémoire initial…'
		initrd	/boot/initrd.img-5.3.0-40-generic
}
menuentry "Ubuntu" --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-simple-a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e' {
	recordfail
	load_video
	gfxmode $linux_gfx_mode
	insmod gzio
	if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
	insmod part_msdos
	insmod ext2
	set root='hd0,msdos5'
	if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd0,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,msdos5  a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
	else
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
	fi
        linux	/boot/vmlinuz-5.3.0-40-generic root=UUID=a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e ro  quiet splash $vt_handoff
	initrd	/boot/initrd.img-5.3.0-40-generic
}
menuentry "Ubuntu, avec Linux 5.3.0-28-generic" --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-5.3.0-28-generic-advanced-a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e' {
		recordfail
		load_video
		gfxmode $linux_gfx_mode
		insmod gzio
		if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
		insmod part_msdos
		insmod ext2
		set root='hd0,msdos5'
		if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd0,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,msdos5  a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
		else
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
		fi
		echo	'Chargement de Linux 5.3.0-28-generic…'
	        linux	/boot/vmlinuz-5.3.0-28-generic root=UUID=a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e ro  quiet splash $vt_handoff
		echo	'Chargement du disque mémoire initial…'
		initrd	/boot/initrd.img-5.3.0-28-generic
}
menuentry "Ubuntu, with Linux 5.3.0-28-generic (recovery mode)" --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-5.3.0-28-generic-recovery-a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e' {
		recordfail
		load_video
		insmod gzio
		if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
		insmod part_msdos
		insmod ext2
		set root='hd0,msdos5'
		if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd0,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,msdos5  a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
		else
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e
		fi
		echo	'Chargement de Linux 5.3.0-28-generic…'
	        linux	/boot/vmlinuz-5.3.0-28-generic root=UUID=a280fcb3-edff-4fc7-b9eb-66343293d20e ro recovery nomodeset 
		echo	'Chargement du disque mémoire initial…'
		initrd	/boot/initrd.img-5.3.0-28-generic
}
}
### END /etc/grub.d/31_linux_proxy ###

Et il semble que le recovery mode soit proposé en premier.

Rappel, Grub-Customize et boot-repair ne font pas bon ménage.


@+.   Babdu89   .

Dernière modification par Babdu89 (Le 24/03/2020, à 00:46)


J'ai découvert Ubuntu avec la 07.10.... Et alors?!...  Depuis je regarde de temps en temps si Windows marche toujours....

Hors ligne