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#1 Le 22/04/2020, à 02:46

Difool

Xubuntu 20.04 sur MSI GL62M 7RDX-2613XFR, dual boot Windows 10

Xubuntu 20.04
sur MSI GL62M 7RDX-2613XFR
(dual boot avec Windows 10)

Configuration
• Intel Quad-Core i5-7300HQ  2,50GHz
• RAM 24 Go (DDR4 2400MHz)
• GeForce GTX 1050  2Go
• SSD 500 Go – NVMe M.2       (Windows 10)
• HDD  1 To – 2,5" serial ATA     (Xubuntu 20.04 + partition EFI + partition documents)

Réglage du Bios

SATA Mode Selection    AHCI
Intel SpeedStep       Enable
ERP lot 3 support     Enable
[...]                Disabled
CPU Hyperthreading   Disabled
CPU C States          Enable
------------------   --------
Fast boot            Disabled
Boot mode              UEFI

Boot-info
Xubuntu 18.04 : installation réussi (https://paste.ubuntu.com/p/7HRHwMR3sJ/)
Xubuntu 20.04 : installation réussi (https://paste.ubuntu.com/p/wxRgsDg4Gt/)
Temps nécessaire au démarrage de Xubuntu : 1 minute
Les installations sont réussis.
Les connexions wifi et ethernet sont fonctionnelle.


Carte graphique non gérée [résolu]
Le PC peut s'éteindre tout seul, dès le chargement de la clé usb bootable, ou l'écran peut se figer (freeze). Pour éviter ça :
1 - Modifier le Grub au démarrage à chaque fois (tant que le pilote Nvidia n'est pas installé) : après avoir démarré sur la clé USB, dans le Grub taper "e", puis placer le code suivant entre "quiet" et "splash" :

modprobe.blacklist=nouveau

2 - Installer les pilotes Nvidia.
Ajouter le ppa :

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:graphics-drivers/ppa
sudo apt update
sudo apt full-upgrade

Aller dans les Paramètres et ouvrir le gestionnaire de pilotes proprietaires ("Pilotes additionnels").
Pour trouver le bon numéro de pilotes Nvidia à installer, taper la commande :

ubuntu-drivers devices

Le pilote à installer est identifié comme recommended.

Puis lancer les mises à jour et redémarrer.


Problème avec Blueman (gestionnaire bluetooth sous Xubuntu)

  • Crash sur Xubuntu 20.04 et bug sur 18.04 (recherche des appareils bluetooth impossible).
    >>  la réinstallation de blueman résout une partie des problèmes, mais la recherche de périphériques bug parfois.

  • A2DP (audio Haute Fidélité) non disponible avec le casque bluetooth. Un bug référencé : chapitre 9.7 de la doc Ubuntu, le wiki Debian, et pour Xubuntu ici. Mais je n'ai pas pu résoudre le bug. Alors je l'ai contourné :
    >>  connecter/reconnecter le casque (refaire tout l'appairage, etc.) quand le profil A2DP n'est pas dispo (et/ou désactiver le bluetooth et le remettre ensuite), ça fonctionne pour moi.

  • Latence de l'enceinte bluetooth (2-3 seconde)
    >>  non résolu...

Autres problèmes rencontrés :

  • Crash du presse papier Clipman (sous Xubuntu 20.04)
    >>  redémarrer le PC a réglé le problème

  • Claquement des enceintes du PC quant on débranche une prise jack.
    >>  très certainement un soucis avec le chipset audio Intel CM238 HD Audio Controller (doc Ubuntu).

Dernière modification par Difool (Le 26/04/2020, à 16:02)

Hors ligne

#2 Le 22/04/2020, à 08:48

malbo

Re : Xubuntu 20.04 sur MSI GL62M 7RDX-2613XFR, dual boot Windows 10

Bonjour,
Je colle ci-dessous le Boot-info dont tu as donné le lien dans le post #1 :

Boot Info Script 71f6c5c + Boot-Repair extra info      [Boot-Info 18apr2020]


============================= Boot Info Summary: ===============================

 => No boot loader is installed in the MBR of /dev/nvme0n1.
 => No boot loader is installed in the MBR of /dev/sda.
 => Windows 7/8/2012 is installed in the MBR of /dev/sdb.

nvme0n11: ______________________________________________________________________

    File system:       
    Boot sector type:  Unknown
    Boot sector info: 

sda1: __________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       ntfs
    Boot sector type:  Windows 8/2012: NTFS
    Boot sector info:  No errors found in the Boot Parameter Block.
    Operating System:  
    Boot files:        

sda2: __________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       vfat
    Boot sector type:  Windows 8/2012: FAT32
    Boot sector info:  No errors found in the Boot Parameter Block.
    Operating System:  
    Boot files:        /EFI/ubuntu/grub.cfg /efi/Boot/bootx64.efi 
                       /efi/Boot/fbx64.efi /efi/ubuntu/fwupx64.efi 
                       /efi/ubuntu/grubx64.efi /efi/ubuntu/mmx64.efi 
                       /efi/ubuntu/shimx64.efi /efi/ubuntu/grub.cfg 
                       /efi/Microsoft/Boot/bootmgfw.efi 
                       /efi/Microsoft/Boot/bootmgr.efi 
                       /efi/Microsoft/Boot/memtest.efi

sda3: __________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       
    Boot sector type:  -
    Boot sector info: 

sda4: __________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       ntfs
    Boot sector type:  Unknown
    Boot sector info:  No errors found in the Boot Parameter Block.
    Operating System:  
    Boot files:        

sda5: __________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       ext4
    Boot sector type:  -
    Boot sector info: 
    Operating System:  Ubuntu 18.04.4 LTS
    Boot files:        /boot/grub/grub.cfg /etc/fstab

sda8: __________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       ext4
    Boot sector type:  -
    Boot sector info: 
    Operating System:  
    Boot files:        

sdb1: __________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       ext4
    Boot sector type:  -
    Boot sector info: 
    Operating System:  
    Boot files:        

sdb2: __________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       ntfs
    Boot sector type:  Windows Vista: NTFS
    Boot sector info:  No errors found in the Boot Parameter Block.
    Operating System:  
    Boot files:        

============================ Drive/Partition Info: =============================

Drive: nvme0n1 _____________________________________________________________________
Disk /dev/nvme0n1: 465.8 GiB, 500107862016 bytes, 976773168 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disklabel type: gpt

Partition  Boot  Start Sector    End Sector  # of Sectors  Id System

/dev/nvme0n1p1                  1   976,773,167   976,773,167  ee GPT


GUID Partition Table detected.

Partition  Attrs   Start Sector    End Sector  # of Sectors System
/dev/nvme0n11                2,048   352,255,999   352,253,952 Data partition (Windows/Linux)

Attributes: R=Required, N=No Block IO, B=Legacy BIOS Bootable, +=More bits set

Drive: sda _____________________________________________________________________
Disk /dev/sda: 931.5 GiB, 1000204886016 bytes, 1953525168 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disklabel type: gpt

Partition  Boot  Start Sector    End Sector  # of Sectors  Id System

/dev/sda1                   1 1,953,525,167 1,953,525,167  ee GPT


GUID Partition Table detected.

Partition  Attrs   Start Sector    End Sector  # of Sectors System
/dev/sda1      R          2,048     1,023,999     1,021,952 Windows Recovery Environment (Windows)
/dev/sda2             1,024,000     1,228,799       204,800 EFI System partition
/dev/sda3             1,228,800     1,261,567        32,768 Microsoft Reserved Partition (Windows)
/dev/sda4             1,261,568   212,203,519   210,941,952 Data partition (Windows/Linux)
/dev/sda5           212,203,520   314,603,519   102,400,000 Data partition (Linux)
/dev/sda8           587,501,568 1,953,523,711 1,366,022,144 Data partition (Linux)

Attributes: R=Required, N=No Block IO, B=Legacy BIOS Bootable, +=More bits set

Drive: sdb _____________________________________________________________________
Disk /dev/sdb: 931.5 GiB, 1000204883968 bytes, 1953525164 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disklabel type: gpt

Partition  Boot  Start Sector    End Sector  # of Sectors  Id System

/dev/sdb1                   1 1,953,525,163 1,953,525,163  ee GPT


GUID Partition Table detected.

Partition  Attrs   Start Sector    End Sector  # of Sectors System
/dev/sdb1                 2,048 1,638,402,047 1,638,400,000 Data partition (Linux)
/dev/sdb2         1,638,402,048 1,953,523,711   315,121,664 Data partition (Windows/Linux)

Attributes: R=Required, N=No Block IO, B=Legacy BIOS Bootable, +=More bits set

"blkid" output: ________________________________________________________________

Device           UUID                                   TYPE       LABEL

/dev/nvme0n1                                                       
/dev/nvme0n1p1   B408A4E708A4AA36                       ntfs       
/dev/sda1        4E32957A3295682B                       ntfs       Récupération
/dev/sda2        E296-CE3F                              vfat       
/dev/sda3                                                          
/dev/sda4        1106BE505A0E5645                       ntfs       WinLogiciel
/dev/sda5        b28f8c31-aac9-4fbe-af03-f32fb5a67980   ext4       
/dev/sda8        296e3432-fab9-4d5e-ad74-638b48dcd8d5   ext4       
/dev/sdb1        f4ffcbc9-8f77-4eef-8e70-4a1b663000f3   ext4       doc
/dev/sdb2        6DDCF3404C697AEE                       ntfs       ntfs

========================= "ls -l /dev/disk/by-id" output: ======================

total 0
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root  9 Apr 22 01:53 ata-HGST_HTS541010B7E610_WXD1E679AD0J -> ../../sda
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Apr 22 01:53 ata-HGST_HTS541010B7E610_WXD1E679AD0J-part1 -> ../../sda1
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Apr 22 01:53 ata-HGST_HTS541010B7E610_WXD1E679AD0J-part2 -> ../../sda2
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Apr 22 01:53 ata-HGST_HTS541010B7E610_WXD1E679AD0J-part3 -> ../../sda3
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Apr 22 01:53 ata-HGST_HTS541010B7E610_WXD1E679AD0J-part4 -> ../../sda4
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Apr 22 01:53 ata-HGST_HTS541010B7E610_WXD1E679AD0J-part5 -> ../../sda5
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Apr 22 01:53 ata-HGST_HTS541010B7E610_WXD1E679AD0J-part8 -> ../../sda8
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 13 Apr 22 01:53 nvme-Samsung_SSD_970_EVO_500GB_S466NB0K703984B -> ../../nvme0n1
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 15 Apr 22 01:53 nvme-Samsung_SSD_970_EVO_500GB_S466NB0K703984B-part1 -> ../../nvme0n1p1
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 13 Apr 22 01:53 nvme-eui.0025385781b2933c -> ../../nvme0n1
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 15 Apr 22 01:53 nvme-eui.0025385781b2933c-part1 -> ../../nvme0n1p1
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root  9 Apr 22 01:53 usb-ADATA_HV620_44610320306B-0:0 -> ../../sdb
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Apr 22 01:53 usb-ADATA_HV620_44610320306B-0:0-part1 -> ../../sdb1
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Apr 22 01:53 usb-ADATA_HV620_44610320306B-0:0-part2 -> ../../sdb2
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root  9 Apr 22 01:53 wwn-0x50014ee608045d8b -> ../../sda
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Apr 22 01:53 wwn-0x50014ee608045d8b-part1 -> ../../sda1
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Apr 22 01:53 wwn-0x50014ee608045d8b-part2 -> ../../sda2
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Apr 22 01:53 wwn-0x50014ee608045d8b-part3 -> ../../sda3
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Apr 22 01:53 wwn-0x50014ee608045d8b-part4 -> ../../sda4
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Apr 22 01:53 wwn-0x50014ee608045d8b-part5 -> ../../sda5
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Apr 22 01:53 wwn-0x50014ee608045d8b-part8 -> ../../sda8

================================ Mount points: =================================

Device           Mount_Point              Type       Options

/dev/nvme0n1p1   /media/windows           fuseblk    (rw,relatime,user_id=0,group_id=0,default_permissions,allow_other,blksize=4096)
/dev/sda1        /media/recupwindows      fuseblk    (rw,relatime,user_id=0,group_id=0,default_permissions,allow_other,blksize=4096)
/dev/sda2        /boot/efi                vfat       (rw,relatime,fmask=0077,dmask=0077,codepage=437,iocharset=iso8859-1,shortname=mixed,errors=remount-ro)
/dev/sda4        /media/windowslogiciels  fuseblk    (rw,relatime,user_id=0,group_id=0,default_permissions,allow_other,blksize=4096)
/dev/sda5        /                        ext4       (rw,relatime,errors=remount-ro,data=ordered)
/dev/sda8        /media/docu              ext4       (rw,relatime,data=ordered)
/dev/sdb1        /media/incal/doc         ext4       (rw,nosuid,nodev,relatime,data=ordered,uhelper=udisks2)
/dev/sdb2        /media/incal/ntfs        fuseblk    (rw,nosuid,nodev,relatime,user_id=0,group_id=0,default_permissions,allow_other,blksize=4096,uhelper=udisks2)


========================== sda2/EFI/ubuntu/grub.cfg: ===========================

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
search.fs_uuid b28f8c31-aac9-4fbe-af03-f32fb5a67980 root hd0,gpt5 
set prefix=($root)'/boot/grub'
configfile $prefix/grub.cfg
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

========================== sda2/efi/ubuntu/grub.cfg: ===========================

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
search.fs_uuid b28f8c31-aac9-4fbe-af03-f32fb5a67980 root hd0,gpt5 
set prefix=($root)'/boot/grub'
configfile $prefix/grub.cfg
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

=========================== sda5/boot/grub/grub.cfg: ===========================

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
# DO NOT EDIT THIS FILE
#
# It is automatically generated by grub-mkconfig using templates
# from /etc/grub.d and settings from /etc/default/grub
#

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/00_header ###
if [ -s $prefix/grubenv ]; then
  set have_grubenv=true
  load_env
fi
if [ "${next_entry}" ] ; then
   set default="${next_entry}"
   set next_entry=
   save_env next_entry
   set boot_once=true
else
   set default="0"
fi

if [ x"${feature_menuentry_id}" = xy ]; then
  menuentry_id_option="--id"
else
  menuentry_id_option=""
fi

export menuentry_id_option

if [ "${prev_saved_entry}" ]; then
  set saved_entry="${prev_saved_entry}"
  save_env saved_entry
  set prev_saved_entry=
  save_env prev_saved_entry
  set boot_once=true
fi

function savedefault {
  if [ -z "${boot_once}" ]; then
    saved_entry="${chosen}"
    save_env saved_entry
  fi
}
function recordfail {
  set recordfail=1
  if [ -n "${have_grubenv}" ]; then if [ -z "${boot_once}" ]; then save_env recordfail; fi; fi
}
function load_video {
  if [ x$feature_all_video_module = xy ]; then
    insmod all_video
  else
    insmod efi_gop
    insmod efi_uga
    insmod ieee1275_fb
    insmod vbe
    insmod vga
    insmod video_bochs
    insmod video_cirrus
  fi
}

if [ x$feature_default_font_path = xy ] ; then
   font=unicode
else
insmod part_gpt
insmod ext2
set root='hd0,gpt5'
if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,gpt5 --hint-efi=hd0,gpt5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,gpt5  b28f8c31-aac9-4fbe-af03-f32fb5a67980
else
  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root b28f8c31-aac9-4fbe-af03-f32fb5a67980
fi
    font="/usr/share/grub/unicode.pf2"
fi

if loadfont $font ; then
  set gfxmode=auto
  load_video
  insmod gfxterm
  set locale_dir=$prefix/locale
  set lang=fr_FR
  insmod gettext
fi
terminal_output gfxterm
if [ "${recordfail}" = 1 ] ; then
  set timeout=30
else
  if [ x$feature_timeout_style = xy ] ; then
    set timeout_style=hidden
    set timeout=10
  # Fallback hidden-timeout code in case the timeout_style feature is
  # unavailable.
  elif sleep --interruptible 10 ; then
    set timeout=0
  fi
fi
### END /etc/grub.d/00_header ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/05_debian_theme ###
set menu_color_normal=white/black
set menu_color_highlight=black/light-gray
### END /etc/grub.d/05_debian_theme ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/10_linux ###
function gfxmode {
	set gfxpayload="${1}"
	if [ "${1}" = "keep" ]; then
		set vt_handoff=vt.handoff=1
	else
		set vt_handoff=
	fi
}
if [ "${recordfail}" != 1 ]; then
  if [ -e ${prefix}/gfxblacklist.txt ]; then
    if hwmatch ${prefix}/gfxblacklist.txt 3; then
      if [ ${match} = 0 ]; then
        set linux_gfx_mode=keep
      else
        set linux_gfx_mode=text
      fi
    else
      set linux_gfx_mode=text
    fi
  else
    set linux_gfx_mode=keep
  fi
else
  set linux_gfx_mode=text
fi
export linux_gfx_mode
menuentry 'Ubuntu' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-simple-b28f8c31-aac9-4fbe-af03-f32fb5a67980' {
	recordfail
	load_video
	gfxmode $linux_gfx_mode
	insmod gzio
	if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
	insmod part_gpt
	insmod ext2
	set root='hd0,gpt5'
	if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,gpt5 --hint-efi=hd0,gpt5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,gpt5  b28f8c31-aac9-4fbe-af03-f32fb5a67980
	else
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root b28f8c31-aac9-4fbe-af03-f32fb5a67980
	fi
        linux	/boot/vmlinuz-4.15.0-96-generic root=UUID=b28f8c31-aac9-4fbe-af03-f32fb5a67980 ro  quiet splash $vt_handoff
	initrd	/boot/initrd.img-4.15.0-96-generic
}
submenu 'Options avancées pour Ubuntu' $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-advanced-b28f8c31-aac9-4fbe-af03-f32fb5a67980' {
	menuentry 'Ubuntu, avec Linux 4.15.0-96-generic' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-4.15.0-96-generic-advanced-b28f8c31-aac9-4fbe-af03-f32fb5a67980' {
		recordfail
		load_video
		gfxmode $linux_gfx_mode
		insmod gzio
		if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
		insmod part_gpt
		insmod ext2
		set root='hd0,gpt5'
		if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,gpt5 --hint-efi=hd0,gpt5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,gpt5  b28f8c31-aac9-4fbe-af03-f32fb5a67980
		else
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root b28f8c31-aac9-4fbe-af03-f32fb5a67980
		fi
		echo	'Chargement de Linux 4.15.0-96-generic…'
	        linux	/boot/vmlinuz-4.15.0-96-generic root=UUID=b28f8c31-aac9-4fbe-af03-f32fb5a67980 ro  quiet splash $vt_handoff
		echo	'Chargement du disque mémoire initial…'
		initrd	/boot/initrd.img-4.15.0-96-generic
	}
	menuentry 'Ubuntu, with Linux 4.15.0-96-generic (recovery mode)' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-4.15.0-96-generic-recovery-b28f8c31-aac9-4fbe-af03-f32fb5a67980' {
		recordfail
		load_video
		insmod gzio
		if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
		insmod part_gpt
		insmod ext2
		set root='hd0,gpt5'
		if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,gpt5 --hint-efi=hd0,gpt5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,gpt5  b28f8c31-aac9-4fbe-af03-f32fb5a67980
		else
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root b28f8c31-aac9-4fbe-af03-f32fb5a67980
		fi
		echo	'Chargement de Linux 4.15.0-96-generic…'
	        linux	/boot/vmlinuz-4.15.0-96-generic root=UUID=b28f8c31-aac9-4fbe-af03-f32fb5a67980 ro recovery nomodeset 
		echo	'Chargement du disque mémoire initial…'
		initrd	/boot/initrd.img-4.15.0-96-generic
	}
	menuentry 'Ubuntu, avec Linux 4.15.0-29-generic' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-4.15.0-29-generic-advanced-b28f8c31-aac9-4fbe-af03-f32fb5a67980' {
		recordfail
		load_video
		gfxmode $linux_gfx_mode
		insmod gzio
		if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
		insmod part_gpt
		insmod ext2
		set root='hd0,gpt5'
		if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,gpt5 --hint-efi=hd0,gpt5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,gpt5  b28f8c31-aac9-4fbe-af03-f32fb5a67980
		else
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root b28f8c31-aac9-4fbe-af03-f32fb5a67980
		fi
		echo	'Chargement de Linux 4.15.0-29-generic…'
	        linux	/boot/vmlinuz-4.15.0-29-generic root=UUID=b28f8c31-aac9-4fbe-af03-f32fb5a67980 ro  quiet splash $vt_handoff
		echo	'Chargement du disque mémoire initial…'
		initrd	/boot/initrd.img-4.15.0-29-generic
	}
	menuentry 'Ubuntu, with Linux 4.15.0-29-generic (recovery mode)' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-4.15.0-29-generic-recovery-b28f8c31-aac9-4fbe-af03-f32fb5a67980' {
		recordfail
		load_video
		insmod gzio
		if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
		insmod part_gpt
		insmod ext2
		set root='hd0,gpt5'
		if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,gpt5 --hint-efi=hd0,gpt5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,gpt5  b28f8c31-aac9-4fbe-af03-f32fb5a67980
		else
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root b28f8c31-aac9-4fbe-af03-f32fb5a67980
		fi
		echo	'Chargement de Linux 4.15.0-29-generic…'
	        linux	/boot/vmlinuz-4.15.0-29-generic root=UUID=b28f8c31-aac9-4fbe-af03-f32fb5a67980 ro recovery nomodeset 
		echo	'Chargement du disque mémoire initial…'
		initrd	/boot/initrd.img-4.15.0-29-generic
	}
}

### END /etc/grub.d/10_linux ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/20_linux_xen ###

### END /etc/grub.d/20_linux_xen ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/20_memtest86+ ###
### END /etc/grub.d/20_memtest86+ ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/30_os-prober ###
menuentry 'Windows Boot Manager (sur /dev/sda2)' --class windows --class os $menuentry_id_option 'osprober-efi-E296-CE3F' {
	insmod part_gpt
	insmod fat
	set root='hd0,gpt2'
	if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,gpt2 --hint-efi=hd0,gpt2 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,gpt2  E296-CE3F
	else
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root E296-CE3F
	fi
	chainloader /EFI/Microsoft/Boot/bootmgfw.efi
}
set timeout_style=menu
if [ "${timeout}" = 0 ]; then
  set timeout=10
fi
### END /etc/grub.d/30_os-prober ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/30_uefi-firmware ###
menuentry 'System setup' $menuentry_id_option 'uefi-firmware' {
	fwsetup
}
### END /etc/grub.d/30_uefi-firmware ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/40_custom ###
# This file provides an easy way to add custom menu entries.  Simply type the
# menu entries you want to add after this comment.  Be careful not to change
# the 'exec tail' line above.
### END /etc/grub.d/40_custom ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/41_custom ###
if [ -f  ${config_directory}/custom.cfg ]; then
  source ${config_directory}/custom.cfg
elif [ -z "${config_directory}" -a -f  $prefix/custom.cfg ]; then
  source $prefix/custom.cfg;
fi
### END /etc/grub.d/41_custom ###
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

=============================== sda5/etc/fstab: ================================

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /etc/fstab: static file system information.
#
# Use 'blkid' to print the universally unique identifier for a
# device; this may be used with UUID= as a more robust way to name devices
# that works even if disks are added and removed. See fstab(5).
#
# <file system> <mount point>   <type>  <options>       <dump>  <pass>
# / was on /dev/sda5 during installation
UUID=b28f8c31-aac9-4fbe-af03-f32fb5a67980 /               ext4    errors=remount-ro 0       1
# /boot/efi was on /dev/sda2 during installation
UUID=E296-CE3F  /boot/efi       vfat    umask=0077      0       1
# /media/docu was on /dev/sda8 during installation
UUID=296e3432-fab9-4d5e-ad74-638b48dcd8d5 /media/docu     ext4    defaults        0       2
# /media/recupwindows was on /dev/sda1 during installation
UUID=4E32957A3295682B /media/recupwindows ntfs    defaults,umask=007,gid=46 0       0
# /media/windows was on /dev/nvme0n1p1 during installation
UUID=B408A4E708A4AA36 /media/windows  ntfs    defaults,umask=007,gid=46 0       0
# /media/windowslogiciels was on /dev/sda4 during installation
UUID=1106BE505A0E5645 /media/windowslogiciels ntfs    defaults,umask=007,gid=46 0       0
/swapfile                                 none            swap    sw              0       0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

=================== sda5: Location of files loaded by Grub: ====================

           GiB - GB             File                                 Fragment(s)

 132.655876160 = 142.438162432  boot/grub/grub.cfg                             3
 131.573146820 = 141.275590656  boot/vmlinuz-4.15.0-29-generic                 1
 130.459941864 = 140.080295936  boot/vmlinuz-4.15.0-96-generic                 1
 131.573146820 = 141.275590656  vmlinuz                                        1
 132.759841919 = 142.549794816  boot/initrd.img-4.15.0-29-generic              2
 133.857967377 = 143.728898048  boot/initrd.img-4.15.0-96-generic              2
 132.759841919 = 142.549794816  initrd.img                                     2
 132.759841919 = 142.549794816  initrd.img.old                                 2

======================== Unknown MBRs/Boot Sectors/etc: ========================

Unknown BootLoader on nvme0n11


Unknown BootLoader on sda4

00000000  eb 52 90 4e 54 46 53 20  20 20 20 00 02 08 00 00  |.R.NTFS    .....|
00000010  00 00 00 00 00 f8 00 00  3f 00 ff 00 00 40 13 00  |........?....@..|
00000020  00 00 00 00 80 00 80 00  f8 b7 92 0c 00 00 00 00  |................|
00000030  04 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  ff 4f c3 00 00 00 00 00  |.........O......|
00000040  f6 00 00 00 01 00 00 00  45 56 0e 5a 50 be 06 11  |........EV.ZP...|
00000050  00 00 00 00 0e 1f be 71  7c ac 22 c0 74 0b 56 b4  |.......q|.".t.V.|
00000060  0e bb 07 00 cd 10 5e eb  f0 32 e4 cd 16 cd 19 eb  |......^..2......|
00000070  fe 54 68 69 73 20 69 73  20 6e 6f 74 20 61 20 62  |.This is not a b|
00000080  6f 6f 74 61 62 6c 65 20  64 69 73 6b 2e 20 50 6c  |ootable disk. Pl|
00000090  65 61 73 65 20 69 6e 73  65 72 74 20 61 20 62 6f  |ease insert a bo|
000000a0  6f 74 61 62 6c 65 20 66  6c 6f 70 70 79 20 61 6e  |otable floppy an|
000000b0  64 0d 0a 70 72 65 73 73  20 61 6e 79 20 6b 65 79  |d..press any key|
000000c0  20 74 6f 20 74 72 79 20  61 67 61 69 6e 20 2e 2e  | to try again ..|
000000d0  2e 20 0d 0a 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |. ..............|
000000e0  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |................|
*
000001f0  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 55 aa  |..............U.|
00000200


=============================== StdErr Messages: ===============================

hexdump: /dev/nvme0n11: No such file or directory
hexdump: /dev/nvme0n11: No such file or directory

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION:

=================== log of boot-info 20200422_0153 ===================
boot-info version : 4ppa84
boot-sav version : 4ppa84
boot-sav-extra version : 4ppa84
glade2script version : 3.2.4~ppa16
boot-info is executed in installed-session (Ubuntu 18.04.4 LTS, bionic, Ubuntu, x86_64)
CPU op-mode(s):      32-bit, 64-bit
BOOT_IMAGE=/boot/vmlinuz-4.15.0-96-generic root=UUID=b28f8c31-aac9-4fbe-af03-f32fb5a67980 ro quiet splash vt.handoff=1

=================== os-prober:
/dev/sda5:L'OS actuellement utilisé - Ubuntu 18.04.4 LTS CurrentSession:linux
/dev/sda2@/EFI/Microsoft/Boot/bootmgfw.efi:Windows Boot Manager:Windows:efi

=================== blkid:
/dev/nvme0n1p1: UUID="B408A4E708A4AA36" TYPE="ntfs" PARTLABEL="windows" PARTUUID="10f2f18c-aad6-4b6b-bf81-9fcb7fc67f14"
/dev/sda1: LABEL="RM-CM-)cupM-CM-)ration" UUID="4E32957A3295682B" TYPE="ntfs" PARTLABEL="Basic data partition" PARTUUID="19dd926c-0ca9-465a-95f3-0f307f79cc83"
/dev/sda2: UUID="E296-CE3F" TYPE="vfat" PARTLABEL="EFI system partition" PARTUUID="02807bc5-c09e-4979-b77a-e6d01516c070"
/dev/sda4: LABEL="WinLogiciel" UUID="1106BE505A0E5645" TYPE="ntfs" PTTYPE="dos" PARTLABEL="Windowd logiciels" PARTUUID="857a6abf-bc3e-4fe2-8ea2-662b163161f3"
/dev/sda5: UUID="b28f8c31-aac9-4fbe-af03-f32fb5a67980" TYPE="ext4" PARTLABEL="Xubuntu" PARTUUID="b191c5d9-60bf-468d-8a9d-11ba4c6e8132"
/dev/sda8: UUID="296e3432-fab9-4d5e-ad74-638b48dcd8d5" TYPE="ext4" PARTLABEL="doc" PARTUUID="d2ce5a59-5235-4da3-8a02-78c1107c306d"
/dev/sdb1: LABEL="doc" UUID="f4ffcbc9-8f77-4eef-8e70-4a1b663000f3" TYPE="ext4" PARTLABEL="Doc" PARTUUID="c4e35666-4505-4d29-a771-1780e9597fe5"
/dev/sdb2: LABEL="ntfs" UUID="6DDCF3404C697AEE" TYPE="ntfs" PARTUUID="174211e4-7e4c-4e6f-b1d0-2ba4109e974f"
/dev/nvme0n1: PTUUID="41650416-b00e-45ce-b39b-6a579a956b65" PTTYPE="gpt"
/dev/sda3: PARTLABEL="Microsoft reserved partition" PARTUUID="4a419b27-d1ce-4dc0-a0ba-96461f7edf22"


1 disks with OS, 2 OS : 1 Linux, 0 MacOS, 1 Windows, 0 unknown type OS.

Windows not detected by os-prober on nvme0n1p1.

=================== /etc/grub.d/ :
drwxr-xr-x  2 root root     4096 avril 21 20:31 grub.d
total 80
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 10046 mars  11 21:57 00_header
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  6258 juil. 16  2018 05_debian_theme
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 12693 juil. 17  2018 10_linux
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 11298 juil. 17  2018 20_linux_xen
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  1992 janv. 28  2016 20_memtest86+
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 12059 juil. 17  2018 30_os-prober
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  1418 juil. 17  2018 30_uefi-firmware
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root   214 juil. 17  2018 40_custom
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root   216 juil. 17  2018 41_custom
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root   483 juil. 17  2018 README




=================== /etc/default/grub :

# If you change this file, run 'update-grub' afterwards to update
# /boot/grub/grub.cfg.
# For full documentation of the options in this file, see:
#   info -f grub -n 'Simple configuration'

GRUB_DEFAULT=0
GRUB_TIMEOUT_STYLE=hidden
GRUB_TIMEOUT=10
GRUB_DISTRIBUTOR=`lsb_release -i -s 2> /dev/null || echo Debian`
GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT="quiet splash"
GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=""

# Uncomment to enable BadRAM filtering, modify to suit your needs
# This works with Linux (no patch required) and with any kernel that obtains
# the memory map information from GRUB (GNU Mach, kernel of FreeBSD ...)
#GRUB_BADRAM="0x01234567,0xfefefefe,0x89abcdef,0xefefefef"

# Uncomment to disable graphical terminal (grub-pc only)
#GRUB_TERMINAL=console

# The resolution used on graphical terminal
# note that you can use only modes which your graphic card supports via VBE
# you can see them in real GRUB with the command `vbeinfo'
#GRUB_GFXMODE=640x480

# Uncomment if you don't want GRUB to pass "root=UUID=xxx" parameter to Linux
#GRUB_DISABLE_LINUX_UUID=true

# Uncomment to disable generation of recovery mode menu entries
#GRUB_DISABLE_RECOVERY="true"

# Uncomment to get a beep at grub start
#GRUB_INIT_TUNE="480 440 1"



/boot/efi detected in the fstab of sda5: UUID=E296-CE3F   (sda2)
Presence of EFI/Microsoft file detected: /boot/efi/EFI/Microsoft/Boot/bootmgfw.efi
Presence of EFI/Boot file detected: /boot/efi/EFI/Boot/bootx64.efi
Presence of EFI/Boot file detected: /boot/efi/EFI/Boot/fbx64.efi
/usr/share/boot-sav/bs-cmd_terminal.sh: ligne 194: avertissement : substitution de commande: octet nul ignoré en entrée

=================== efibootmgr -v
BootCurrent: 0001
Timeout: 2 seconds
BootOrder: 0001,0000
Boot0000* Windows Boot Manager	HD(2,GPT,02807bc5-c09e-4979-b77a-e6d01516c070,0xfa000,0x32000)/File(EFIMICROSOFTBOOTBOOTMGFW.EFI)WINDOWS.........x...B.C.D.O.B.J.E.C.T.=.{.9.d.e.a.8.6.2.c.-.5.c.d.d.-.4.e.7.0.-.a.c.c.1.-.f.3.2.b.3.4.4.d.4.7.9.5.}....................
Boot0001* ubuntu	HD(2,GPT,02807bc5-c09e-4979-b77a-e6d01516c070,0xfa000,0x32000)/File(EFIUBUNTUSHIMX64.EFI)

=================== UEFI/Legacy mode:
BIOS is EFI-compatible, and is setup in EFI-mode for this installed-session.
SecureBoot disabled. (maybe sec-boot, Veuillez indiquer ce message à boot.repair@gmail.com)


=================== PARTITIONS & DISKS:
sda5	: sda,	not-sepboot,	grubenv-ok	grub2,	signed grub-pc grub-efi ,	update-grub,	64,	with-boot,	is-os,	not--efi--part,	fstab-without-boot,	fstab-has-goodEFI,	no-nt,	no-winload,	no-recov-nor-hid,	no-bmgr,	notwinboot,	apt-get,	grub-install,	with--usr,	fstab-without-usr,	not-sep-usr,	standard,	farbios,	notbiosboot, .
nvme0n1p1	: nvme0n1,	not-sepboot,	no-grubenv	nogrub,	no-docgrub,	no-update-grub,	32,	no-boot,	is-os,	not--efi--part,	part-has-no-fstab,	part-has-no-fstab,	no-nt,	haswinload,	no-recov-nor-hid,	no-bmgr,	notwinboot,	nopakmgr,	nogrubinstall,	no---usr,	part-has-no-fstab,	not-sep-usr,	standard,	farbios,	notbiosboot, /media/windows.
sda1	: sda,	not-sepboot,	no-grubenv	nogrub,	no-docgrub,	no-update-grub,	32,	no-boot,	no-os,	not--efi--part,	part-has-no-fstab,	part-has-no-fstab,	no-nt,	no-winload,	recovery-or-hidden,	no-bmgr,	notwinboot,	nopakmgr,	nogrubinstall,	no---usr,	part-has-no-fstab,	not-sep-usr,	standard,	not-far,	notbiosboot, /media/recupwindows.
sda2	: sda,	not-sepboot,	no-grubenv	nogrub,	no-docgrub,	no-update-grub,	32,	no-boot,	is-os,	is-correct-EFI,	part-has-no-fstab,	part-has-no-fstab,	no-nt,	no-winload,	no-recov-nor-hid,	no-bmgr,	notwinboot,	nopakmgr,	nogrubinstall,	no---usr,	part-has-no-fstab,	not-sep-usr,	standard,	not-far,	notbiosboot, /boot/efi.
sda4	: sda,	not-sepboot,	no-grubenv	nogrub,	no-docgrub,	no-update-grub,	32,	no-boot,	no-os,	not--efi--part,	part-has-no-fstab,	part-has-no-fstab,	no-nt,	no-winload,	no-recov-nor-hid,	no-bmgr,	notwinboot,	nopakmgr,	nogrubinstall,	no---usr,	part-has-no-fstab,	not-sep-usr,	standard,	farbios,	notbiosboot, /media/windowslogiciels.
sda8	: sda,	maybesepboot,	no-grubenv	nogrub,	no-docgrub,	no-update-grub,	32,	no-boot,	no-os,	not--efi--part,	part-has-no-fstab,	part-has-no-fstab,	no-nt,	no-winload,	no-recov-nor-hid,	no-bmgr,	notwinboot,	nopakmgr,	nogrubinstall,	no---usr,	part-has-no-fstab,	not-sep-usr,	standard,	farbios,	notbiosboot, /media/docu.
sdb1	: sdb,	maybesepboot,	no-grubenv	nogrub,	no-docgrub,	no-update-grub,	32,	no-boot,	no-os,	not--efi--part,	part-has-no-fstab,	part-has-no-fstab,	no-nt,	no-winload,	no-recov-nor-hid,	no-bmgr,	notwinboot,	nopakmgr,	nogrubinstall,	no---usr,	part-has-no-fstab,	not-sep-usr,	standard,	farbios,	notbiosboot, /media/incal/doc.
sdb2	: sdb,	not-sepboot,	no-grubenv	nogrub,	no-docgrub,	no-update-grub,	32,	no-boot,	no-os,	not--efi--part,	part-has-no-fstab,	part-has-no-fstab,	no-nt,	no-winload,	no-recov-nor-hid,	no-bmgr,	notwinboot,	nopakmgr,	nogrubinstall,	no---usr,	part-has-no-fstab,	not-sep-usr,	standard,	farbios,	notbiosboot, /media/incal/ntfs.

sda	: GPT,	no-BIOS_boot,	has-correctEFI, 	not-usb,	not-mmc, has-os,	2048 sectors * 512 bytes
nvme0n1	: GPT,	no-BIOS_boot,	has-no-EFIpart, 	not-usb,	not-mmc, has-os,	2048 sectors * 512 bytes
sdb	: GPT,	no-BIOS_boot,	has-no-EFIpart, 	usb-disk,	not-mmc, no-os,	2048 sectors * 512 bytes


=================== parted -lm:

BYT;
/dev/sda:1000GB:scsi:512:4096:gpt:ATA HGST HTS541010B7:;
1:1049kB:524MB:523MB:ntfs:Basic data partition:hidden, diag;
2:524MB:629MB:105MB:fat32:EFI system partition:boot, esp;
3:629MB:646MB:16.8MB::Microsoft reserved partition:msftres;
4:646MB:109GB:108GB:ntfs:Windowd logiciels:msftdata;
5:109GB:161GB:52.4GB:ext4:Xubuntu:;
8:301GB:1000GB:699GB:ext4:doc:;

BYT;
/dev/sdb:1000GB:scsi:512:512:gpt:ADATA HV620:;
1:1049kB:839GB:839GB:ext4:Doc:;
2:839GB:1000GB:161GB:ntfs::msftdata;

BYT;
/dev/nvme0n1:500GB:nvme:512:512:gpt:Samsung SSD 970 EVO 500GB:;
1:1049kB:180GB:180GB:ntfs:windows:msftdata;

=================== lsblk:
KNAME     TYPE FSTYPE   SIZE LABEL
sda       disk        931,5G
sda1      part ntfs     499M Récupération
sda2      part vfat     100M
sda3      part           16M
sda4      part ntfs   100,6G WinLogiciel
sda5      part ext4    48,8G
sda8      part ext4   651,4G
sdb       disk        931,5G
sdb1      part ext4   781,3G doc
sdb2      part ntfs   150,3G ntfs
nvme0n1   disk        465,8G
nvme0n1p1 part ntfs     168G

KNAME     ROTA RO RM STATE   MOUNTPOINT
sda          1  0  0 running
sda1         1  0  0         /media/recupwindows
sda2         1  0  0         /boot/efi
sda3         1  0  0
sda4         1  0  0         /media/windowslogiciels
sda5         1  0  0         /
sda8         1  0  0         /media/docu
sdb          1  0  0 running
sdb1         1  0  0         /media/incal/doc
sdb2         1  0  0         /media/incal/ntfs
nvme0n1      0  0  0 live
nvme0n1p1    0  0  0         /media/windows


=================== mount:
sysfs on /sys type sysfs (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime)
proc on /proc type proc (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime)
udev on /dev type devtmpfs (rw,nosuid,relatime,size=12278332k,nr_inodes=3069583,mode=755)
devpts on /dev/pts type devpts (rw,nosuid,noexec,relatime,gid=5,mode=620,ptmxmode=000)
tmpfs on /run type tmpfs (rw,nosuid,noexec,relatime,size=2460148k,mode=755)
/dev/sda5 on / type ext4 (rw,relatime,errors=remount-ro,data=ordered)
securityfs on /sys/kernel/security type securityfs (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime)
tmpfs on /dev/shm type tmpfs (rw,nosuid,nodev)
tmpfs on /run/lock type tmpfs (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,size=5120k)
tmpfs on /sys/fs/cgroup type tmpfs (ro,nosuid,nodev,noexec,mode=755)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/unified type cgroup2 (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,nsdelegate)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/systemd type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,xattr,name=systemd)
pstore on /sys/fs/pstore type pstore (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime)
efivarfs on /sys/firmware/efi/efivars type efivarfs (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/hugetlb type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,hugetlb)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/net_cls,net_prio type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,net_cls,net_prio)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/devices type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,devices)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/blkio type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,blkio)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/memory type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,memory)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/rdma type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,rdma)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/cpuset type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,cpuset)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/cpu,cpuacct type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,cpu,cpuacct)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/pids type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,pids)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/freezer type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,freezer)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/perf_event type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,perf_event)
systemd-1 on /proc/sys/fs/binfmt_misc type autofs (rw,relatime,fd=33,pgrp=1,timeout=0,minproto=5,maxproto=5,direct,pipe_ino=1647)
mqueue on /dev/mqueue type mqueue (rw,relatime)
debugfs on /sys/kernel/debug type debugfs (rw,relatime)
hugetlbfs on /dev/hugepages type hugetlbfs (rw,relatime,pagesize=2M)
configfs on /sys/kernel/config type configfs (rw,relatime)
fusectl on /sys/fs/fuse/connections type fusectl (rw,relatime)
tracefs on /sys/kernel/debug/tracing type tracefs (rw,relatime)
/dev/nvme0n1p1 on /media/windows type fuseblk (rw,relatime,user_id=0,group_id=0,default_permissions,allow_other,blksize=4096)
/dev/sda1 on /media/recupwindows type fuseblk (rw,relatime,user_id=0,group_id=0,default_permissions,allow_other,blksize=4096)
/dev/sda4 on /media/windowslogiciels type fuseblk (rw,relatime,user_id=0,group_id=0,default_permissions,allow_other,blksize=4096)
/dev/sda8 on /media/docu type ext4 (rw,relatime,data=ordered)
/dev/sda2 on /boot/efi type vfat (rw,relatime,fmask=0077,dmask=0077,codepage=437,iocharset=iso8859-1,shortname=mixed,errors=remount-ro)
tmpfs on /run/user/1000 type tmpfs (rw,nosuid,nodev,relatime,size=2460144k,mode=700,uid=1000,gid=1000)
gvfsd-fuse on /run/user/1000/gvfs type fuse.gvfsd-fuse (rw,nosuid,nodev,relatime,user_id=1000,group_id=1000)
/dev/sdb2 on /media/incal/ntfs type fuseblk (rw,nosuid,nodev,relatime,user_id=0,group_id=0,default_permissions,allow_other,blksize=4096,uhelper=udisks2)
/dev/sdb1 on /media/incal/doc type ext4 (rw,nosuid,nodev,relatime,data=ordered,uhelper=udisks2)


=================== ls:
/sys/block/nvme0n1 (filtered):  alignment_offset bdi capability dev device discard_alignment eui ext_range hidden holders inflight integrity mq nsid nvme0n1p1 power queue range removable ro size slaves stat subsystem trace uevent wwid
/sys/block/sda (filtered):  alignment_offset bdi capability dev device discard_alignment events events_async events_poll_msecs ext_range hidden holders inflight integrity power queue range removable ro sda1 sda2 sda3 sda4 sda5 sda8 size slaves stat subsystem trace uevent
/sys/block/sdb (filtered):  alignment_offset bdi capability dev device discard_alignment events events_async events_poll_msecs ext_range hidden holders inflight integrity power queue range removable ro sdb1 sdb2 size slaves stat subsystem trace uevent
/dev (filtered):  autofs block bsg btrfs-control bus char console core cpu cpu_dma_latency cuse disk dri drm_dp_aux0 drm_dp_aux1 ecryptfs fb0 fd full fuse hidraw0 hidraw1 hidraw2 hidraw3 hidraw4 hpet hugepages hwrng i2c-0 i2c-1 i2c-2 i2c-3 i2c-4 i2c-5 initctl input kmsg lightnvm log mapper mcelog mei0 mem memory_bandwidth mqueue net network_latency network_throughput null nvidia0 nvidiactl nvidia-modeset nvidia-uvm nvidia-uvm-tools nvme0 nvme0n1 nvme0n1p1 port ppp psaux ptmx pts random rfkill rtc rtc0 sda sda1 sda2 sda3 sda4 sda5 sda8 sdb sdb1 sdb2 sg0 sg1 shm snapshot snd stderr stdin stdout tpm0 tpmrm0 uhid uinput urandom usb userio vfio vga_arbiter vhci vhost-net vhost-vsock zero
ls /dev/mapper:  control

=================== hexdump -n512 -C /dev/nvme0n1p1
00000000  eb 52 90 4e 54 46 53 20  20 20 20 00 02 08 00 00  |.R.NTFS    .....|
00000010  00 00 00 00 00 f8 00 00  3f 00 ff 00 00 08 00 00  |........?.......|
00000020  00 00 00 00 80 00 80 00  ff f7 fe 14 00 00 00 00  |................|
00000030  00 00 0c 00 00 00 00 00  02 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |................|
00000040  f6 00 00 00 01 00 00 00  36 aa a4 08 e7 a4 08 b4  |........6.......|
00000050  00 00 00 00 fa 33 c0 8e  d0 bc 00 7c fb 68 c0 07  |.....3.....|.h..|
00000060  1f 1e 68 66 00 cb 88 16  0e 00 66 81 3e 03 00 4e  |..hf......f.>..N|
00000070  54 46 53 75 15 b4 41 bb  aa 55 cd 13 72 0c 81 fb  |TFSu..A..U..r...|
00000080  55 aa 75 06 f7 c1 01 00  75 03 e9 dd 00 1e 83 ec  |U.u.....u.......|
00000090  18 68 1a 00 b4 48 8a 16  0e 00 8b f4 16 1f cd 13  |.h...H..........|
000000a0  9f 83 c4 18 9e 58 1f 72  e1 3b 06 0b 00 75 db a3  |.....X.r.;...u..|
000000b0  0f 00 c1 2e 0f 00 04 1e  5a 33 db b9 00 20 2b c8  |........Z3... +.|
000000c0  66 ff 06 11 00 03 16 0f  00 8e c2 ff 06 16 00 e8  |f...............|
000000d0  4b 00 2b c8 77 ef b8 00  bb cd 1a 66 23 c0 75 2d  |K.+.w......f#.u-|
000000e0  66 81 fb 54 43 50 41 75  24 81 f9 02 01 72 1e 16  |f..TCPAu$....r..|
000000f0  68 07 bb 16 68 52 11 16  68 09 00 66 53 66 53 66  |h...hR..h..fSfSf|
00000100  55 16 16 16 68 b8 01 66  61 0e 07 cd 1a 33 c0 bf  |U...h..fa....3..|
00000110  0a 13 b9 f6 0c fc f3 aa  e9 fe 01 90 90 66 60 1e  |.............f`.|
00000120  06 66 a1 11 00 66 03 06  1c 00 1e 66 68 00 00 00  |.f...f.....fh...|
00000130  00 66 50 06 53 68 01 00  68 10 00 b4 42 8a 16 0e  |.fP.Sh..h...B...|
00000140  00 16 1f 8b f4 cd 13 66  59 5b 5a 66 59 66 59 1f  |.......fY[ZfYfY.|
00000150  0f 82 16 00 66 ff 06 11  00 03 16 0f 00 8e c2 ff  |....f...........|
00000160  0e 16 00 75 bc 07 1f 66  61 c3 a1 f6 01 e8 09 00  |...u...fa.......|
00000170  a1 fa 01 e8 03 00 f4 eb  fd 8b f0 ac 3c 00 74 09  |............<.t.|
00000180  b4 0e bb 07 00 cd 10 eb  f2 c3 0d 0a 45 72 72 65  |............Erre|
00000190  75 72 20 6c 65 63 74 75  72 65 20 64 69 73 71 75  |ur lecture disqu|
000001a0  65 00 0d 0a 42 4f 4f 54  4d 47 52 20 63 6f 6d 70  |e...BOOTMGR comp|
000001b0  72 65 73 73 82 00 0d 0a  43 74 72 6c 2b 41 6c 74  |ress....Ctrl+Alt|
000001c0  2b 53 75 70 70 72 20 70  6f 75 72 20 72 65 64 82  |+Suppr pour red.|
000001d0  6d 61 72 72 65 72 0d 0a  00 73 74 61 72 74 0d 0a  |marrer...start..|
000001e0  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |................|
000001f0  00 00 00 00 00 00 8a 01  a2 01 b6 01 00 00 55 aa  |..............U.|
00000200

=================== hexdump -n512 -C /dev/sda1
00000000  eb 52 90 4e 54 46 53 20  20 20 20 00 02 08 00 00  |.R.NTFS    .....|
00000010  00 00 00 00 00 f8 00 00  3f 00 ff 00 00 08 00 00  |........?.......|
00000020  00 00 00 00 80 00 80 00  ff 97 0f 00 00 00 00 00  |................|
00000030  55 a6 00 00 00 00 00 00  02 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |U...............|
00000040  f6 00 00 00 01 00 00 00  2b 68 95 32 7a 95 32 4e  |........+h.2z.2N|
00000050  00 00 00 00 fa 33 c0 8e  d0 bc 00 7c fb 68 c0 07  |.....3.....|.h..|
00000060  1f 1e 68 66 00 cb 88 16  0e 00 66 81 3e 03 00 4e  |..hf......f.>..N|
00000070  54 46 53 75 15 b4 41 bb  aa 55 cd 13 72 0c 81 fb  |TFSu..A..U..r...|
00000080  55 aa 75 06 f7 c1 01 00  75 03 e9 dd 00 1e 83 ec  |U.u.....u.......|
00000090  18 68 1a 00 b4 48 8a 16  0e 00 8b f4 16 1f cd 13  |.h...H..........|
000000a0  9f 83 c4 18 9e 58 1f 72  e1 3b 06 0b 00 75 db a3  |.....X.r.;...u..|
000000b0  0f 00 c1 2e 0f 00 04 1e  5a 33 db b9 00 20 2b c8  |........Z3... +.|
000000c0  66 ff 06 11 00 03 16 0f  00 8e c2 ff 06 16 00 e8  |f...............|
000000d0  4b 00 2b c8 77 ef b8 00  bb cd 1a 66 23 c0 75 2d  |K.+.w......f#.u-|
000000e0  66 81 fb 54 43 50 41 75  24 81 f9 02 01 72 1e 16  |f..TCPAu$....r..|
000000f0  68 07 bb 16 68 52 11 16  68 09 00 66 53 66 53 66  |h...hR..h..fSfSf|
00000100  55 16 16 16 68 b8 01 66  61 0e 07 cd 1a 33 c0 bf  |U...h..fa....3..|
00000110  0a 13 b9 f6 0c fc f3 aa  e9 fe 01 90 90 66 60 1e  |.............f`.|
00000120  06 66 a1 11 00 66 03 06  1c 00 1e 66 68 00 00 00  |.f...f.....fh...|
00000130  00 66 50 06 53 68 01 00  68 10 00 b4 42 8a 16 0e  |.fP.Sh..h...B...|
00000140  00 16 1f 8b f4 cd 13 66  59 5b 5a 66 59 66 59 1f  |.......fY[ZfYfY.|
00000150  0f 82 16 00 66 ff 06 11  00 03 16 0f 00 8e c2 ff  |....f...........|
00000160  0e 16 00 75 bc 07 1f 66  61 c3 a1 f6 01 e8 09 00  |...u...fa.......|
00000170  a1 fa 01 e8 03 00 f4 eb  fd 8b f0 ac 3c 00 74 09  |............<.t.|
00000180  b4 0e bb 07 00 cd 10 eb  f2 c3 0d 0a 45 72 72 65  |............Erre|
00000190  75 72 20 6c 65 63 74 75  72 65 20 64 69 73 71 75  |ur lecture disqu|
000001a0  65 00 0d 0a 42 4f 4f 54  4d 47 52 20 63 6f 6d 70  |e...BOOTMGR comp|
000001b0  72 65 73 73 82 00 0d 0a  43 74 72 6c 2b 41 6c 74  |ress....Ctrl+Alt|
000001c0  2b 53 75 70 70 72 20 70  6f 75 72 20 72 65 64 82  |+Suppr pour red.|
000001d0  6d 61 72 72 65 72 0d 0a  00 73 74 61 72 74 0d 0a  |marrer...start..|
000001e0  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |................|
000001f0  00 00 00 00 00 00 8a 01  a2 01 b6 01 00 00 55 aa  |..............U.|
00000200

=================== hexdump -n512 -C /dev/sda2
00000000  eb 58 90 4d 53 44 4f 53  35 2e 30 00 02 02 fe 19  |.X.MSDOS5.0.....|
00000010  02 00 00 00 00 f8 00 00  3f 00 ff 00 00 a0 0f 00  |........?.......|
00000020  00 20 03 00 01 03 00 00  00 00 00 00 02 00 00 00  |. ..............|
00000030  01 00 06 00 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |................|
00000040  80 01 29 3f ce 96 e2 4e  4f 20 4e 41 4d 45 20 20  |..)?...NO NAME  |
00000050  20 20 46 41 54 33 32 20  20 20 33 c9 8e d1 bc f4  |  FAT32   3.....|
00000060  7b 8e c1 8e d9 bd 00 7c  88 56 40 88 4e 02 8a 56  |{......|.V@.N..V|
00000070  40 b4 41 bb aa 55 cd 13  72 10 81 fb 55 aa 75 0a  |@.A..U..r...U.u.|
00000080  f6 c1 01 74 05 fe 46 02  eb 2d 8a 56 40 b4 08 cd  |...t..F..-.V@...|
00000090  13 73 05 b9 ff ff 8a f1  66 0f b6 c6 40 66 0f b6  |.s......f...@f..|
000000a0  d1 80 e2 3f f7 e2 86 cd  c0 ed 06 41 66 0f b7 c9  |...?.......Af...|
000000b0  66 f7 e1 66 89 46 f8 83  7e 16 00 75 39 83 7e 2a  |f..f.F..~..u9.~*|
000000c0  00 77 33 66 8b 46 1c 66  83 c0 0c bb 00 80 b9 01  |.w3f.F.f........|
000000d0  00 e8 2c 00 e9 a8 03 a1  f8 7d 80 c4 7c 8b f0 ac  |..,......}..|...|
000000e0  84 c0 74 17 3c ff 74 09  b4 0e bb 07 00 cd 10 eb  |..t.<.t.........|
000000f0  ee a1 fa 7d eb e4 a1 7d  80 eb df 98 cd 16 cd 19  |...}...}........|
00000100  66 60 80 7e 02 00 0f 84  20 00 66 6a 00 66 50 06  |f`.~.... .fj.fP.|
00000110  53 66 68 10 00 01 00 b4  42 8a 56 40 8b f4 cd 13  |Sfh.....B.V@....|
00000120  66 58 66 58 66 58 66 58  eb 33 66 3b 46 f8 72 03  |fXfXfXfX.3f;F.r.|
00000130  f9 eb 2a 66 33 d2 66 0f  b7 4e 18 66 f7 f1 fe c2  |..*f3.f..N.f....|
00000140  8a ca 66 8b d0 66 c1 ea  10 f7 76 1a 86 d6 8a 56  |..f..f....v....V|
00000150  40 8a e8 c0 e4 06 0a cc  b8 01 02 cd 13 66 61 0f  |@............fa.|
00000160  82 74 ff 81 c3 00 02 66  40 49 75 94 c3 42 4f 4f  |.t.....f@Iu..BOO|
00000170  54 4d 47 52 20 20 20 20  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |TMGR    ........|
00000180  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |................|
*
000001a0  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 0d 0a 45 72  |..............Er|
000001b0  72 2e 20 64 69 73 71 75  65 ff 0d 0a 50 72 65 73  |r. disque...Pres|
000001c0  73 65 7a 20 75 6e 65 20  74 6f 75 63 68 65 20 70  |sez une touche p|
000001d0  6f 75 72 20 72 65 64 82  6d 61 72 72 65 72 0d 0a  |our red.marrer..|
000001e0  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |................|
000001f0  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  ac 01 ba 01 00 00 55 aa  |..............U.|
00000200

=================== hexdump -n512 -C /dev/sda4
00000000  eb 52 90 4e 54 46 53 20  20 20 20 00 02 08 00 00  |.R.NTFS    .....|
00000010  00 00 00 00 00 f8 00 00  3f 00 ff 00 00 40 13 00  |........?....@..|
00000020  00 00 00 00 80 00 80 00  f8 b7 92 0c 00 00 00 00  |................|
00000030  04 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  ff 4f c3 00 00 00 00 00  |.........O......|
00000040  f6 00 00 00 01 00 00 00  45 56 0e 5a 50 be 06 11  |........EV.ZP...|
00000050  00 00 00 00 0e 1f be 71  7c ac 22 c0 74 0b 56 b4  |.......q|.".t.V.|
00000060  0e bb 07 00 cd 10 5e eb  f0 32 e4 cd 16 cd 19 eb  |......^..2......|
00000070  fe 54 68 69 73 20 69 73  20 6e 6f 74 20 61 20 62  |.This is not a b|
00000080  6f 6f 74 61 62 6c 65 20  64 69 73 6b 2e 20 50 6c  |ootable disk. Pl|
00000090  65 61 73 65 20 69 6e 73  65 72 74 20 61 20 62 6f  |ease insert a bo|
000000a0  6f 74 61 62 6c 65 20 66  6c 6f 70 70 79 20 61 6e  |otable floppy an|
000000b0  64 0d 0a 70 72 65 73 73  20 61 6e 79 20 6b 65 79  |d..press any key|
000000c0  20 74 6f 20 74 72 79 20  61 67 61 69 6e 20 2e 2e  | to try again ..|
000000d0  2e 20 0d 0a 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |. ..............|
000000e0  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |................|
*
000001f0  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 55 aa  |..............U.|
00000200

=================== hexdump -n512 -C /dev/sdb2
00000000  eb 52 90 4e 54 46 53 20  20 20 20 00 02 08 00 00  |.R.NTFS    .....|
00000010  00 00 00 00 00 f8 00 00  3f 00 ff 00 00 08 a8 61  |........?......a|
00000020  00 00 00 00 80 00 80 00  ff 5f c8 12 00 00 00 00  |........._......|
00000030  04 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  ff 85 2c 01 00 00 00 00  |..........,.....|
00000040  f6 00 00 00 01 00 00 00  ee 7a 69 4c 40 f3 dc 6d  |.........ziL@..m|
00000050  00 00 00 00 fa 33 c0 8e  d0 bc 00 7c fb 68 c0 07  |.....3.....|.h..|
00000060  1f 1e 68 66 00 cb 88 16  0e 00 66 81 3e 03 00 4e  |..hf......f.>..N|
00000070  54 46 53 75 15 b4 41 bb  aa 55 cd 13 72 0c 81 fb  |TFSu..A..U..r...|
00000080  55 aa 75 06 f7 c1 01 00  75 03 e9 d2 00 1e 83 ec  |U.u.....u.......|
00000090  18 68 1a 00 b4 48 8a 16  0e 00 8b f4 16 1f cd 13  |.h...H..........|
000000a0  9f 83 c4 18 9e 58 1f 72  e1 3b 06 0b 00 75 db a3  |.....X.r.;...u..|
000000b0  0f 00 c1 2e 0f 00 04 1e  5a 33 db b9 00 20 2b c8  |........Z3... +.|
000000c0  66 ff 06 11 00 03 16 0f  00 8e c2 ff 06 16 00 e8  |f...............|
000000d0  40 00 2b c8 77 ef b8 00  bb cd 1a 66 23 c0 75 2d  |@.+.w......f#.u-|
000000e0  66 81 fb 54 43 50 41 75  24 81 f9 02 01 72 1e 16  |f..TCPAu$....r..|
000000f0  68 07 bb 16 68 70 0e 16  68 09 00 66 53 66 53 66  |h...hp..h..fSfSf|
00000100  55 16 16 16 68 b8 01 66  61 0e 07 cd 1a e9 6a 01  |U...h..fa.....j.|
00000110  90 90 66 60 1e 06 66 a1  11 00 66 03 06 1c 00 1e  |..f`..f...f.....|
00000120  66 68 00 00 00 00 66 50  06 53 68 01 00 68 10 00  |fh....fP.Sh..h..|
00000130  b4 42 8a 16 0e 00 16 1f  8b f4 cd 13 66 59 5b 5a  |.B..........fY[Z|
00000140  66 59 66 59 1f 0f 82 16  00 66 ff 06 11 00 03 16  |fYfY.....f......|
00000150  0f 00 8e c2 ff 0e 16 00  75 bc 07 1f 66 61 c3 a0  |........u...fa..|
00000160  f8 01 e8 08 00 a0 fb 01  e8 02 00 eb fe b4 01 8b  |................|
00000170  f0 ac 3c 00 74 09 b4 0e  bb 07 00 cd 10 eb f2 c3  |..<.t...........|
00000180  0d 0a 41 20 64 69 73 6b  20 72 65 61 64 20 65 72  |..A disk read er|
00000190  72 6f 72 20 6f 63 63 75  72 72 65 64 00 0d 0a 42  |ror occurred...B|
000001a0  4f 4f 54 4d 47 52 20 69  73 20 6d 69 73 73 69 6e  |OOTMGR is missin|
000001b0  67 00 0d 0a 42 4f 4f 54  4d 47 52 20 69 73 20 63  |g...BOOTMGR is c|
000001c0  6f 6d 70 72 65 73 73 65  64 00 0d 0a 50 72 65 73  |ompressed...Pres|
000001d0  73 20 43 74 72 6c 2b 41  6c 74 2b 44 65 6c 20 74  |s Ctrl+Alt+Del t|
000001e0  6f 20 72 65 73 74 61 72  74 0d 0a 00 00 00 00 00  |o restart.......|
000001f0  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  80 9d b2 ca 00 00 55 aa  |..............U.|
00000200

=================== df -Th:

Filesystem     Type      Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
udev           devtmpfs   12G     0   12G   0% /dev
tmpfs          tmpfs     2.4G  1.7M  2.4G   1% /run
/dev/sda5      ext4       48G  8.2G   38G  18% /
tmpfs          tmpfs      12G   43M   12G   1% /dev/shm
tmpfs          tmpfs     5.0M  4.0K  5.0M   1% /run/lock
tmpfs          tmpfs      12G     0   12G   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
/dev/nvme0n1p1 fuseblk   168G   66G  103G  39% /media/windows
/dev/sda1      fuseblk   499M  379M  121M  76% /media/recupwindows
/dev/sda4      fuseblk   101G   68M  101G   1% /media/windowslogiciels
/dev/sda8      ext4      641G  411G  197G  68% /media/docu
/dev/sda2      vfat       96M   32M   65M  33% /boot/efi
tmpfs          tmpfs     2.4G   16K  2.4G   1% /run/user/1000
/dev/sdb2      fuseblk   151G   70G   82G  46% /media/incal/ntfs
/dev/sdb1      ext4      768G  383G  347G  53% /media/incal/doc

=================== fdisk -l:
Disk /dev/nvme0n1: 465.8 GiB, 500107862016 bytes, 976773168 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disklabel type: gpt
Disk identifier: 41650416-B00E-45CE-B39B-6A579A956B65

Device         Start       End   Sectors  Size Type
/dev/nvme0n1p1  2048 352255999 352253952  168G Microsoft basic data


Disk /dev/sda: 931.5 GiB, 1000204886016 bytes, 1953525168 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disklabel type: gpt
Disk identifier: BC601F81-0C87-4504-8782-B61511D2C1E3

Device         Start        End    Sectors   Size Type
/dev/sda1       2048    1023999    1021952   499M Windows recovery environment
/dev/sda2    1024000    1228799     204800   100M EFI System
/dev/sda3    1228800    1261567      32768    16M Microsoft reserved
/dev/sda4    1261568  212203519  210941952 100.6G Microsoft basic data
/dev/sda5  212203520  314603519  102400000  48.8G Linux filesystem
/dev/sda8  587501568 1953523711 1366022144 651.4G Linux filesystem


Disk /dev/sdb: 931.5 GiB, 1000204883968 bytes, 1953525164 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disklabel type: gpt
Disk identifier: F2411BB4-0EC6-4432-8D10-FA3B30B38D04

Device          Start        End    Sectors   Size Type
/dev/sdb1        2048 1638402047 1638400000 781.3G Linux filesystem
/dev/sdb2  1638402048 1953523711  315121664 150.3G Microsoft basic data




=================== Suggested repair
The default repair of the Boot-Repair utility would reinstall the grub-efi-amd64-signed of sda5, using the following options:        sda2/boot/efi,
Additional repair would be performed: unhide-bootmenu-10s   fix-windows-boot use-standard-efi-file


=================== Final advice in case of suggested repair
N'oubliez pas de régler votre BIOS pour qu'il amorce sur le fichier sda2/efi/.../grub*.efi !

Si votre ordinateur redémarre directement sur Windows, essayez de changer l'ordre de démarrage dans votre BIOS.
Si votre BIOS ne permet pas de changer l'ordre de démarrage, changez l'entrée de démarrage par défaut de l'amorceur Windows.
Par exemple, vous pouvez démarrer Windows, puis saisir la commande suivante dans une invite de commande en mode administrateur :
bcdedit /set {bootmgr} path \EFI\...\grub*.efi


=================== User settings
The settings chosen by the user will not act on the boot.

J'ai la flemme d'analyser la chose aussi je préfère te poser la question : pourrais-tu expliquer ce qu'il y a de différent par rapport à ce post de l'année dernière : https://forum.ubuntu-fr.org/viewtopic.p … #p22113668

Hors ligne

#3 Le 22/04/2020, à 11:08

Difool

Re : Xubuntu 20.04 sur MSI GL62M 7RDX-2613XFR, dual boot Windows 10

Bonjour malbo,
il n'y a pas eu de réelles modifs à part une réinstallation complète de Xubuntu et un peu de partitionnement. C'est un post pour faciliter la recherche (version 18.04 de xubuntu) et décrire mieux quelques procédures (tout à l'heure je vais m'attaquer au bluetooth qui merdouille). Tu penses que j'aurais dû laisser ça dans l'ancien sujet ou c'est tout bon comme ça ?
Difool

Dernière modification par Difool (Le 22/04/2020, à 21:09)

Hors ligne

#4 Le 22/04/2020, à 13:59

malbo

Re : Xubuntu 20.04 sur MSI GL62M 7RDX-2613XFR, dual boot Windows 10

Difool a écrit :

Bonjour malbo,
Tu penses que j'aurais dû laisser ça dans l'ancien sujet ou c'est tout bon comme ça ?
Difool

Non, c'est bien comme ça. Je voulais juste comprendre ta démarche.

Hors ligne

#5 Le 22/04/2020, à 21:20

Difool

Re : Xubuntu 20.04 sur MSI GL62M 7RDX-2613XFR, dual boot Windows 10

Oui je comprend.
J'ai réglé la plupart des problèmes qu'il y avait, si ça peut servir à d'autres smile
(pour le bug du profil A2DP en bluetooth il faudra attendre un correctif)

Hors ligne

#6 Le 25/04/2020, à 12:19

Difool

Re : Xubuntu 20.04 sur MSI GL62M 7RDX-2613XFR, dual boot Windows 10

Bonjour.
L'installation de Xubuntu 20.04 a réussi (mise à jour du post #1).

Le boot-info est là :

Boot Info Script 71f6c5c + Boot-Repair extra info      [Boot-Info 22apr2020]


============================= Boot Info Summary: ===============================

 => No boot loader is installed in the MBR of /dev/nvme0n1.
 => No boot loader is installed in the MBR of /dev/sda.

nvme0n11: ______________________________________________________________________

    File system:       
    Boot sector type:  Unknown
    Boot sector info: 

sda1: __________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       ntfs
    Boot sector type:  Windows 8/2012: NTFS
    Boot sector info:  No errors found in the Boot Parameter Block.
    Operating System:  
    Boot files:        

sda2: __________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       vfat
    Boot sector type:  Windows 8/2012: FAT32
    Boot sector info:  No errors found in the Boot Parameter Block.
    Operating System:  
    Boot files:        /EFI/ubuntu/grub.cfg /efi/Boot/bootx64.efi 
                       /efi/Boot/fbx64.efi /efi/Boot/mmx64.efi 
                       /efi/ubuntu/fwupx64.efi /efi/ubuntu/grubx64.efi 
                       /efi/ubuntu/mmx64.efi /efi/ubuntu/shimx64.efi 
                       /efi/ubuntu/grub.cfg /efi/Microsoft/Boot/bootmgfw.efi 
                       /efi/Microsoft/Boot/bootmgr.efi 
                       /efi/Microsoft/Boot/memtest.efi

sda3: __________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       
    Boot sector type:  -
    Boot sector info: 

sda4: __________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       ntfs
    Boot sector type:  Unknown
    Boot sector info:  No errors found in the Boot Parameter Block.
    Operating System:  
    Boot files:        

sda5: __________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       ext4
    Boot sector type:  -
    Boot sector info: 
    Operating System:  Ubuntu 20.04 LTS
    Boot files:        /boot/grub/grub.cfg /boot/grub/grub.cfg /etc/fstab

sda8: __________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       ext4
    Boot sector type:  -
    Boot sector info: 
    Operating System:  
    Boot files:        

============================ Drive/Partition Info: =============================

Drive: nvme0n1 _____________________________________________________________________
Disk /dev/nvme0n1: 465.78 GiB, 500107862016 bytes, 976773168 sectors
Disk model: Samsung SSD 970 EVO 500GB               
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes

Partition  Boot  Start Sector    End Sector  # of Sectors  Id System

/dev/nvme0n1p1                  1   976,773,167   976,773,167  ee GPT


GUID Partition Table detected.

Partition  Attrs   Start Sector    End Sector  # of Sectors System
/dev/nvme0n11                2,048   352,255,999   352,253,952 Data partition (Windows/Linux)

Attributes: R=Required, N=No Block IO, B=Legacy BIOS Bootable, +=More bits set

Drive: sda _____________________________________________________________________
Disk /dev/sda: 931.53 GiB, 1000204886016 bytes, 1953525168 sectors
Disk model: HGST HTS541010B7
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes

Partition  Boot  Start Sector    End Sector  # of Sectors  Id System

/dev/sda1                   1 1,953,525,167 1,953,525,167  ee GPT


GUID Partition Table detected.

Partition  Attrs   Start Sector    End Sector  # of Sectors System
/dev/sda1      R          2,048     1,023,532     1,021,485 Windows Recovery Environment (Windows)
/dev/sda2             1,024,000     1,228,799       204,800 EFI System partition
/dev/sda3             1,228,800     1,261,567        32,768 Microsoft Reserved Partition (Windows)
/dev/sda4             1,261,568   296,171,519   294,909,952 Data partition (Windows/Linux)
/dev/sda5           296,171,520   393,828,351    97,656,832 Data partition (Linux)
/dev/sda8           587,501,568 1,953,523,711 1,366,022,144 Data partition (Linux)

Attributes: R=Required, N=No Block IO, B=Legacy BIOS Bootable, +=More bits set

"blkid" output: ________________________________________________________________

Device           UUID                                   TYPE       LABEL

/dev/nvme0n1p1   B408A4E708A4AA36                       ntfs       Windows 10
/dev/sda1        4E32957A3295682B                       ntfs       Récupération
/dev/sda2        E296-CE3F                              vfat       
/dev/sda3                                                          
/dev/sda4        1106BE505A0E5645                       ntfs       WinLogiciel
/dev/sda5        87b61626-8bda-4632-a5fb-50a1e7c5ace5   ext4       
/dev/sda8        296e3432-fab9-4d5e-ad74-638b48dcd8d5   ext4       

========================= "ls -l /dev/disk/by-id" output: ======================

total 0
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root  9 Apr 25 11:17 ata-HGST_HTS541010B7E610_WXD1E679AD0J -> ../../sda
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Apr 25 11:17 ata-HGST_HTS541010B7E610_WXD1E679AD0J-part1 -> ../../sda1
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Apr 25 11:17 ata-HGST_HTS541010B7E610_WXD1E679AD0J-part2 -> ../../sda2
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Apr 25 11:17 ata-HGST_HTS541010B7E610_WXD1E679AD0J-part3 -> ../../sda3
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Apr 25 11:17 ata-HGST_HTS541010B7E610_WXD1E679AD0J-part4 -> ../../sda4
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Apr 25 11:17 ata-HGST_HTS541010B7E610_WXD1E679AD0J-part5 -> ../../sda5
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Apr 25 11:17 ata-HGST_HTS541010B7E610_WXD1E679AD0J-part8 -> ../../sda8
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 13 Apr 25 11:17 nvme-Samsung_SSD_970_EVO_500GB_S466NB0K703984B -> ../../nvme0n1
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 15 Apr 25 11:17 nvme-Samsung_SSD_970_EVO_500GB_S466NB0K703984B-part1 -> ../../nvme0n1p1
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 13 Apr 25 11:17 nvme-eui.0025385781b2933c -> ../../nvme0n1
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 15 Apr 25 11:17 nvme-eui.0025385781b2933c-part1 -> ../../nvme0n1p1
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root  9 Apr 25 11:17 wwn-0x50014ee608045d8b -> ../../sda
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Apr 25 11:17 wwn-0x50014ee608045d8b-part1 -> ../../sda1
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Apr 25 11:17 wwn-0x50014ee608045d8b-part2 -> ../../sda2
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Apr 25 11:17 wwn-0x50014ee608045d8b-part3 -> ../../sda3
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Apr 25 11:17 wwn-0x50014ee608045d8b-part4 -> ../../sda4
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Apr 25 11:17 wwn-0x50014ee608045d8b-part5 -> ../../sda5
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Apr 25 11:17 wwn-0x50014ee608045d8b-part8 -> ../../sda8

================================ Mount points: =================================

Device           Mount_Point              Type       Options

/dev/nvme0n1p1   /media/Windows10         fuseblk    (rw,relatime,user_id=0,group_id=0,default_permissions,allow_other,blksize=4096)
/dev/sda1        /media/Winrecup          fuseblk    (rw,relatime,user_id=0,group_id=0,default_permissions,allow_other,blksize=4096)
/dev/sda2        /boot/efi                vfat       (rw,relatime,fmask=0077,dmask=0077,codepage=437,iocharset=iso8859-1,shortname=mixed,errors=remount-ro)
/dev/sda4        /media/Winlogiciels      fuseblk    (rw,relatime,user_id=0,group_id=0,default_permissions,allow_other,blksize=4096)
/dev/sda5        /                        ext4       (rw,relatime,errors=remount-ro)
/dev/sda8        /media/Doc               ext4       (rw,relatime)


========================== sda2/EFI/ubuntu/grub.cfg: ===========================

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
search.fs_uuid 87b61626-8bda-4632-a5fb-50a1e7c5ace5 root hd0,gpt5 
set prefix=($root)'/boot/grub'
configfile $prefix/grub.cfg
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

========================== sda2/efi/ubuntu/grub.cfg: ===========================

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
search.fs_uuid 87b61626-8bda-4632-a5fb-50a1e7c5ace5 root hd0,gpt5 
set prefix=($root)'/boot/grub'
configfile $prefix/grub.cfg
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

=========================== sda5/boot/grub/grub.cfg: ===========================

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
# DO NOT EDIT THIS FILE
#
# It is automatically generated by grub-mkconfig using templates
# from /etc/grub.d and settings from /etc/default/grub
#

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/00_header ###
if [ -s $prefix/grubenv ]; then
  set have_grubenv=true
  load_env
fi
if [ "${initrdfail}" = 2 ]; then
   set initrdfail=
elif [ "${initrdfail}" = 1 ]; then
   set next_entry="${prev_entry}"
   set prev_entry=
   save_env prev_entry
   if [ "${next_entry}" ]; then
      set initrdfail=2
   fi
fi
if [ "${next_entry}" ] ; then
   set default="${next_entry}"
   set next_entry=
   save_env next_entry
   set boot_once=true
else
   set default="0"
fi

if [ x"${feature_menuentry_id}" = xy ]; then
  menuentry_id_option="--id"
else
  menuentry_id_option=""
fi

export menuentry_id_option

if [ "${prev_saved_entry}" ]; then
  set saved_entry="${prev_saved_entry}"
  save_env saved_entry
  set prev_saved_entry=
  save_env prev_saved_entry
  set boot_once=true
fi

function savedefault {
  if [ -z "${boot_once}" ]; then
    saved_entry="${chosen}"
    save_env saved_entry
  fi
}
function initrdfail {
    if [ -n "${have_grubenv}" ]; then if [ -n "${partuuid}" ]; then
      if [ -z "${initrdfail}" ]; then
        set initrdfail=1
        if [ -n "${boot_once}" ]; then
          set prev_entry="${default}"
          save_env prev_entry
        fi
      fi
      save_env initrdfail
    fi; fi
}
function recordfail {
  set recordfail=1
  if [ -n "${have_grubenv}" ]; then if [ -z "${boot_once}" ]; then save_env recordfail; fi; fi
}
function load_video {
  if [ x$feature_all_video_module = xy ]; then
    insmod all_video
  else
    insmod efi_gop
    insmod efi_uga
    insmod ieee1275_fb
    insmod vbe
    insmod vga
    insmod video_bochs
    insmod video_cirrus
  fi
}

if [ x$feature_default_font_path = xy ] ; then
   font=unicode
else
insmod part_gpt
insmod ext2
set root='hd0,gpt5'
if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,gpt5 --hint-efi=hd0,gpt5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,gpt5  87b61626-8bda-4632-a5fb-50a1e7c5ace5
else
  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root 87b61626-8bda-4632-a5fb-50a1e7c5ace5
fi
    font="/usr/share/grub/unicode.pf2"
fi

if loadfont $font ; then
  set gfxmode=auto
  load_video
  insmod gfxterm
  set locale_dir=$prefix/locale
  set lang=fr_FR
  insmod gettext
fi
terminal_output gfxterm
if [ "${recordfail}" = 1 ] ; then
  set timeout=30
else
  if [ x$feature_timeout_style = xy ] ; then
    set timeout_style=hidden
    set timeout=10
  # Fallback hidden-timeout code in case the timeout_style feature is
  # unavailable.
  elif sleep --interruptible 10 ; then
    set timeout=0
  fi
fi
### END /etc/grub.d/00_header ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/05_debian_theme ###
set menu_color_normal=white/black
set menu_color_highlight=black/light-gray
### END /etc/grub.d/05_debian_theme ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/10_linux ###
function gfxmode {
	set gfxpayload="${1}"
	if [ "${1}" = "keep" ]; then
		set vt_handoff=vt.handoff=7
	else
		set vt_handoff=
	fi
}
if [ "${recordfail}" != 1 ]; then
  if [ -e ${prefix}/gfxblacklist.txt ]; then
    if hwmatch ${prefix}/gfxblacklist.txt 3; then
      if [ ${match} = 0 ]; then
        set linux_gfx_mode=keep
      else
        set linux_gfx_mode=text
      fi
    else
      set linux_gfx_mode=text
    fi
  else
    set linux_gfx_mode=keep
  fi
else
  set linux_gfx_mode=text
fi
export linux_gfx_mode
menuentry 'Ubuntu' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-simple-87b61626-8bda-4632-a5fb-50a1e7c5ace5' {
	recordfail
	load_video
	gfxmode $linux_gfx_mode
	insmod gzio
	if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
	insmod part_gpt
	insmod ext2
	set root='hd0,gpt5'
	if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,gpt5 --hint-efi=hd0,gpt5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,gpt5  87b61626-8bda-4632-a5fb-50a1e7c5ace5
	else
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root 87b61626-8bda-4632-a5fb-50a1e7c5ace5
	fi
	linux	/boot/vmlinuz-5.4.0-26-generic root=UUID=87b61626-8bda-4632-a5fb-50a1e7c5ace5 ro  quiet splash $vt_handoff
	initrd	/boot/initrd.img-5.4.0-26-generic
}
submenu 'Options avancées pour Ubuntu' $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-advanced-87b61626-8bda-4632-a5fb-50a1e7c5ace5' {
	menuentry 'Ubuntu, avec Linux 5.4.0-26-generic' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-5.4.0-26-generic-advanced-87b61626-8bda-4632-a5fb-50a1e7c5ace5' {
		recordfail
		load_video
		gfxmode $linux_gfx_mode
		insmod gzio
		if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
		insmod part_gpt
		insmod ext2
		set root='hd0,gpt5'
		if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,gpt5 --hint-efi=hd0,gpt5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,gpt5  87b61626-8bda-4632-a5fb-50a1e7c5ace5
		else
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root 87b61626-8bda-4632-a5fb-50a1e7c5ace5
		fi
		echo	'Chargement de Linux 5.4.0-26-generic…'
		linux	/boot/vmlinuz-5.4.0-26-generic root=UUID=87b61626-8bda-4632-a5fb-50a1e7c5ace5 ro  quiet splash $vt_handoff
		echo	'Chargement du disque mémoire initial…'
		initrd	/boot/initrd.img-5.4.0-26-generic
	}
	menuentry 'Ubuntu, avec Linux 5.4.0-26-generic (recovery mode)' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-5.4.0-26-generic-recovery-87b61626-8bda-4632-a5fb-50a1e7c5ace5' {
		recordfail
		load_video
		insmod gzio
		if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
		insmod part_gpt
		insmod ext2
		set root='hd0,gpt5'
		if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,gpt5 --hint-efi=hd0,gpt5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,gpt5  87b61626-8bda-4632-a5fb-50a1e7c5ace5
		else
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root 87b61626-8bda-4632-a5fb-50a1e7c5ace5
		fi
		echo	'Chargement de Linux 5.4.0-26-generic…'
		linux	/boot/vmlinuz-5.4.0-26-generic root=UUID=87b61626-8bda-4632-a5fb-50a1e7c5ace5 ro recovery nomodeset 
		echo	'Chargement du disque mémoire initial…'
		initrd	/boot/initrd.img-5.4.0-26-generic
	}
}

### END /etc/grub.d/10_linux ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/10_linux_zfs ###
### END /etc/grub.d/10_linux_zfs ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/20_linux_xen ###

### END /etc/grub.d/20_linux_xen ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/20_memtest86+ ###
### END /etc/grub.d/20_memtest86+ ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/30_os-prober ###
menuentry 'Windows Boot Manager (sur /dev/sda2)' --class windows --class os $menuentry_id_option 'osprober-efi-E296-CE3F' {
	insmod part_gpt
	insmod fat
	set root='hd0,gpt2'
	if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,gpt2 --hint-efi=hd0,gpt2 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,gpt2  E296-CE3F
	else
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root E296-CE3F
	fi
	chainloader /EFI/Microsoft/Boot/bootmgfw.efi
}
set timeout_style=menu
if [ "${timeout}" = 0 ]; then
  set timeout=10
fi
### END /etc/grub.d/30_os-prober ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/30_uefi-firmware ###
menuentry 'UEFI Firmware Settings' $menuentry_id_option 'uefi-firmware' {
	fwsetup
}
### END /etc/grub.d/30_uefi-firmware ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/40_custom ###
# This file provides an easy way to add custom menu entries.  Simply type the
# menu entries you want to add after this comment.  Be careful not to change
# the 'exec tail' line above.
### END /etc/grub.d/40_custom ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/41_custom ###
if [ -f  ${config_directory}/custom.cfg ]; then
  source ${config_directory}/custom.cfg
elif [ -z "${config_directory}" -a -f  $prefix/custom.cfg ]; then
  source $prefix/custom.cfg;
fi
### END /etc/grub.d/41_custom ###
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

=========================== sda5/boot/grub/grub.cfg: ===========================

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
# DO NOT EDIT THIS FILE
#
# It is automatically generated by grub-mkconfig using templates
# from /etc/grub.d and settings from /etc/default/grub
#

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/00_header ###
if [ -s $prefix/grubenv ]; then
  set have_grubenv=true
  load_env
fi
if [ "${initrdfail}" = 2 ]; then
   set initrdfail=
elif [ "${initrdfail}" = 1 ]; then
   set next_entry="${prev_entry}"
   set prev_entry=
   save_env prev_entry
   if [ "${next_entry}" ]; then
      set initrdfail=2
   fi
fi
if [ "${next_entry}" ] ; then
   set default="${next_entry}"
   set next_entry=
   save_env next_entry
   set boot_once=true
else
   set default="0"
fi

if [ x"${feature_menuentry_id}" = xy ]; then
  menuentry_id_option="--id"
else
  menuentry_id_option=""
fi

export menuentry_id_option

if [ "${prev_saved_entry}" ]; then
  set saved_entry="${prev_saved_entry}"
  save_env saved_entry
  set prev_saved_entry=
  save_env prev_saved_entry
  set boot_once=true
fi

function savedefault {
  if [ -z "${boot_once}" ]; then
    saved_entry="${chosen}"
    save_env saved_entry
  fi
}
function initrdfail {
    if [ -n "${have_grubenv}" ]; then if [ -n "${partuuid}" ]; then
      if [ -z "${initrdfail}" ]; then
        set initrdfail=1
        if [ -n "${boot_once}" ]; then
          set prev_entry="${default}"
          save_env prev_entry
        fi
      fi
      save_env initrdfail
    fi; fi
}
function recordfail {
  set recordfail=1
  if [ -n "${have_grubenv}" ]; then if [ -z "${boot_once}" ]; then save_env recordfail; fi; fi
}
function load_video {
  if [ x$feature_all_video_module = xy ]; then
    insmod all_video
  else
    insmod efi_gop
    insmod efi_uga
    insmod ieee1275_fb
    insmod vbe
    insmod vga
    insmod video_bochs
    insmod video_cirrus
  fi
}

if [ x$feature_default_font_path = xy ] ; then
   font=unicode
else
insmod part_gpt
insmod ext2
set root='hd0,gpt5'
if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,gpt5 --hint-efi=hd0,gpt5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,gpt5  87b61626-8bda-4632-a5fb-50a1e7c5ace5
else
  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root 87b61626-8bda-4632-a5fb-50a1e7c5ace5
fi
    font="/usr/share/grub/unicode.pf2"
fi

if loadfont $font ; then
  set gfxmode=auto
  load_video
  insmod gfxterm
  set locale_dir=$prefix/locale
  set lang=fr_FR
  insmod gettext
fi
terminal_output gfxterm
if [ "${recordfail}" = 1 ] ; then
  set timeout=30
else
  if [ x$feature_timeout_style = xy ] ; then
    set timeout_style=hidden
    set timeout=10
  # Fallback hidden-timeout code in case the timeout_style feature is
  # unavailable.
  elif sleep --interruptible 10 ; then
    set timeout=0
  fi
fi
### END /etc/grub.d/00_header ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/05_debian_theme ###
set menu_color_normal=white/black
set menu_color_highlight=black/light-gray
### END /etc/grub.d/05_debian_theme ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/10_linux ###
function gfxmode {
	set gfxpayload="${1}"
	if [ "${1}" = "keep" ]; then
		set vt_handoff=vt.handoff=7
	else
		set vt_handoff=
	fi
}
if [ "${recordfail}" != 1 ]; then
  if [ -e ${prefix}/gfxblacklist.txt ]; then
    if hwmatch ${prefix}/gfxblacklist.txt 3; then
      if [ ${match} = 0 ]; then
        set linux_gfx_mode=keep
      else
        set linux_gfx_mode=text
      fi
    else
      set linux_gfx_mode=text
    fi
  else
    set linux_gfx_mode=keep
  fi
else
  set linux_gfx_mode=text
fi
export linux_gfx_mode
menuentry 'Ubuntu' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-simple-87b61626-8bda-4632-a5fb-50a1e7c5ace5' {
	recordfail
	load_video
	gfxmode $linux_gfx_mode
	insmod gzio
	if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
	insmod part_gpt
	insmod ext2
	set root='hd0,gpt5'
	if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,gpt5 --hint-efi=hd0,gpt5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,gpt5  87b61626-8bda-4632-a5fb-50a1e7c5ace5
	else
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root 87b61626-8bda-4632-a5fb-50a1e7c5ace5
	fi
	linux	/boot/vmlinuz-5.4.0-26-generic root=UUID=87b61626-8bda-4632-a5fb-50a1e7c5ace5 ro  quiet splash $vt_handoff
	initrd	/boot/initrd.img-5.4.0-26-generic
}
submenu 'Options avancées pour Ubuntu' $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-advanced-87b61626-8bda-4632-a5fb-50a1e7c5ace5' {
	menuentry 'Ubuntu, avec Linux 5.4.0-26-generic' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-5.4.0-26-generic-advanced-87b61626-8bda-4632-a5fb-50a1e7c5ace5' {
		recordfail
		load_video
		gfxmode $linux_gfx_mode
		insmod gzio
		if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
		insmod part_gpt
		insmod ext2
		set root='hd0,gpt5'
		if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,gpt5 --hint-efi=hd0,gpt5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,gpt5  87b61626-8bda-4632-a5fb-50a1e7c5ace5
		else
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root 87b61626-8bda-4632-a5fb-50a1e7c5ace5
		fi
		echo	'Chargement de Linux 5.4.0-26-generic…'
		linux	/boot/vmlinuz-5.4.0-26-generic root=UUID=87b61626-8bda-4632-a5fb-50a1e7c5ace5 ro  quiet splash $vt_handoff
		echo	'Chargement du disque mémoire initial…'
		initrd	/boot/initrd.img-5.4.0-26-generic
	}
	menuentry 'Ubuntu, avec Linux 5.4.0-26-generic (recovery mode)' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-5.4.0-26-generic-recovery-87b61626-8bda-4632-a5fb-50a1e7c5ace5' {
		recordfail
		load_video
		insmod gzio
		if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
		insmod part_gpt
		insmod ext2
		set root='hd0,gpt5'
		if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,gpt5 --hint-efi=hd0,gpt5 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,gpt5  87b61626-8bda-4632-a5fb-50a1e7c5ace5
		else
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root 87b61626-8bda-4632-a5fb-50a1e7c5ace5
		fi
		echo	'Chargement de Linux 5.4.0-26-generic…'
		linux	/boot/vmlinuz-5.4.0-26-generic root=UUID=87b61626-8bda-4632-a5fb-50a1e7c5ace5 ro recovery nomodeset 
		echo	'Chargement du disque mémoire initial…'
		initrd	/boot/initrd.img-5.4.0-26-generic
	}
}

### END /etc/grub.d/10_linux ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/10_linux_zfs ###
### END /etc/grub.d/10_linux_zfs ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/20_linux_xen ###

### END /etc/grub.d/20_linux_xen ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/20_memtest86+ ###
### END /etc/grub.d/20_memtest86+ ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/30_os-prober ###
menuentry 'Windows Boot Manager (sur /dev/sda2)' --class windows --class os $menuentry_id_option 'osprober-efi-E296-CE3F' {
	insmod part_gpt
	insmod fat
	set root='hd0,gpt2'
	if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,gpt2 --hint-efi=hd0,gpt2 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,gpt2  E296-CE3F
	else
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root E296-CE3F
	fi
	chainloader /EFI/Microsoft/Boot/bootmgfw.efi
}
set timeout_style=menu
if [ "${timeout}" = 0 ]; then
  set timeout=10
fi
### END /etc/grub.d/30_os-prober ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/30_uefi-firmware ###
menuentry 'UEFI Firmware Settings' $menuentry_id_option 'uefi-firmware' {
	fwsetup
}
### END /etc/grub.d/30_uefi-firmware ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/40_custom ###
# This file provides an easy way to add custom menu entries.  Simply type the
# menu entries you want to add after this comment.  Be careful not to change
# the 'exec tail' line above.
### END /etc/grub.d/40_custom ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/41_custom ###
if [ -f  ${config_directory}/custom.cfg ]; then
  source ${config_directory}/custom.cfg
elif [ -z "${config_directory}" -a -f  $prefix/custom.cfg ]; then
  source $prefix/custom.cfg;
fi
### END /etc/grub.d/41_custom ###
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

=============================== sda5/etc/fstab: ================================

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /etc/fstab: static file system information.
#
# Use 'blkid' to print the universally unique identifier for a
# device; this may be used with UUID= as a more robust way to name devices
# that works even if disks are added and removed. See fstab(5).
#
# <file system> <mount point>   <type>  <options>       <dump>  <pass>
# / was on /dev/sda5 during installation
UUID=87b61626-8bda-4632-a5fb-50a1e7c5ace5 /               ext4    errors=remount-ro 0       1
# /boot/efi was on /dev/sda2 during installation
UUID=E296-CE3F  /boot/efi       vfat    umask=0077      0       1
# /media/Doc was on /dev/sda8 during installation
UUID=296e3432-fab9-4d5e-ad74-638b48dcd8d5 /media/Doc      ext4    defaults        0       2
# /media/Windows10 was on /dev/nvme0n1p1 during installation
UUID=B408A4E708A4AA36 /media/Windows10 ntfs    defaults,umask=007,gid=46 0       0
# /media/Winlogiciels was on /dev/sda4 during installation
UUID=1106BE505A0E5645 /media/Winlogiciels ntfs    defaults,umask=007,gid=46 0       0
# /media/Winrecup was on /dev/sda1 during installation
UUID=4E32957A3295682B /media/Winrecup ntfs    defaults,umask=007,gid=46 0       0
/swapfile                                 none            swap    sw              0       0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

=================== sda5: Location of files loaded by Grub: ====================

           GiB - GB             File                                 Fragment(s)

 177.526760101 = 190.617907200  boot/grub/grub.cfg                             2
 145.072380066 = 155.770281984  boot/vmlinuz                                   1
 145.072380066 = 155.770281984  boot/vmlinuz-5.4.0-26-generic                  1
 147.654441833 = 158.542749696  boot/initrd.img                                2
 147.654441833 = 158.542749696  boot/initrd.img-5.4.0-26-generic               2
 147.654441833 = 158.542749696  boot/initrd.img.old                            2

======================== Unknown MBRs/Boot Sectors/etc: ========================

Unknown BootLoader on nvme0n11


Unknown BootLoader on sda4

00000000  eb 52 90 4e 54 46 53 20  20 20 20 00 02 08 00 00  |.R.NTFS    .....|
00000010  00 00 00 00 00 f8 00 00  3f 00 ff 00 00 40 13 00  |........?....@..|
00000020  00 00 00 00 80 00 80 00  f8 f7 93 11 00 00 00 00  |................|
00000030  04 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  ff 4f c3 00 00 00 00 00  |.........O......|
00000040  f6 00 00 00 01 00 00 00  45 56 0e 5a 50 be 06 11  |........EV.ZP...|
00000050  00 00 00 00 0e 1f be 71  7c ac 22 c0 74 0b 56 b4  |.......q|.".t.V.|
00000060  0e bb 07 00 cd 10 5e eb  f0 32 e4 cd 16 cd 19 eb  |......^..2......|
00000070  fe 54 68 69 73 20 69 73  20 6e 6f 74 20 61 20 62  |.This is not a b|
00000080  6f 6f 74 61 62 6c 65 20  64 69 73 6b 2e 20 50 6c  |ootable disk. Pl|
00000090  65 61 73 65 20 69 6e 73  65 72 74 20 61 20 62 6f  |ease insert a bo|
000000a0  6f 74 61 62 6c 65 20 66  6c 6f 70 70 79 20 61 6e  |otable floppy an|
000000b0  64 0d 0a 70 72 65 73 73  20 61 6e 79 20 6b 65 79  |d..press any key|
000000c0  20 74 6f 20 74 72 79 20  61 67 61 69 6e 20 2e 2e  | to try again ..|
000000d0  2e 20 0d 0a 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |. ..............|
000000e0  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |................|
*
000001f0  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 55 aa  |..............U.|
00000200


=============================== StdErr Messages: ===============================

hexdump: /dev/nvme0n11: No such file or directory
hexdump: /dev/nvme0n11: No such file or directory

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION:

=================== log of boot-info 20200425_1117 ===================
boot-info version : 4ppa85
boot-sav version : 4ppa85
boot-sav-extra version : 4ppa85
glade2script version : 3.2.4~ppa17
boot-info is executed in installed-session (Ubuntu 20.04 LTS, focal, Ubuntu, x86_64)
CPU op-mode(s):                  32-bit, 64-bit
Address sizes:                   39 bits physical, 48 bits virtual
BOOT_IMAGE=/boot/vmlinuz-5.4.0-26-generic root=UUID=87b61626-8bda-4632-a5fb-50a1e7c5ace5 ro quiet splash vt.handoff=7

=================== os-prober:
/dev/sda5:L'OS actuellement utilisé - Ubuntu 20.04 LTS CurrentSession:linux
/dev/sda2@/EFI/Microsoft/Boot/bootmgfw.efi:Windows Boot Manager:Windows:efi

=================== blkid:
/dev/sda5: UUID="87b61626-8bda-4632-a5fb-50a1e7c5ace5" TYPE="ext4" PARTUUID="9edd8739-f806-4441-8483-6e37a1d13aa3"
/dev/nvme0n1p1: LABEL="Windows 10" UUID="B408A4E708A4AA36" TYPE="ntfs" PARTLABEL="windows" PARTUUID="10f2f18c-aad6-4b6b-bf81-9fcb7fc67f14"
/dev/sda1: LABEL="RM-CM-)cupM-CM-)ration" UUID="4E32957A3295682B" TYPE="ntfs" PARTLABEL="Basic data partition" PARTUUID="19dd926c-0ca9-465a-95f3-0f307f79cc83"
/dev/sda2: UUID="E296-CE3F" TYPE="vfat" PARTLABEL="EFI system partition" PARTUUID="02807bc5-c09e-4979-b77a-e6d01516c070"
/dev/sda4: LABEL="WinLogiciel" UUID="1106BE505A0E5645" TYPE="ntfs" PTTYPE="dos" PARTLABEL="Windowd logiciels" PARTUUID="857a6abf-bc3e-4fe2-8ea2-662b163161f3"
/dev/sda8: UUID="296e3432-fab9-4d5e-ad74-638b48dcd8d5" TYPE="ext4" PARTLABEL="doc" PARTUUID="d2ce5a59-5235-4da3-8a02-78c1107c306d"
/dev/sda3: PARTLABEL="Microsoft reserved partition" PARTUUID="4a419b27-d1ce-4dc0-a0ba-96461f7edf22"


1 disks with OS, 2 OS : 1 Linux, 0 MacOS, 1 Windows, 0 unknown type OS.

Windows not detected by os-prober on nvme0n1p1.

=================== /etc/grub.d/ :
drwxr-xr-x  2 root root    4096 avril 23 09:41 grub.d
total 132
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 10627 avril 15 13:31 00_header
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  6258 avril 15 13:31 05_debian_theme
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 17123 avril 15 13:31 10_linux
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 42128 avril 15 13:31 10_linux_zfs
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 12894 avril 15 13:31 20_linux_xen
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  1992 févr. 14 00:09 20_memtest86+
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 12059 avril 15 13:31 30_os-prober
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  1424 avril 15 13:31 30_uefi-firmware
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root   214 avril 15 13:31 40_custom
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root   216 avril 15 13:31 41_custom
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root   483 avril 15 13:31 README




=================== /etc/default/grub :

# If you change this file, run 'update-grub' afterwards to update
# /boot/grub/grub.cfg.
# For full documentation of the options in this file, see:
#   info -f grub -n 'Simple configuration'

GRUB_DEFAULT=0
GRUB_TIMEOUT_STYLE=hidden
GRUB_TIMEOUT=10
GRUB_DISTRIBUTOR=`lsb_release -i -s 2> /dev/null || echo Debian`
GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT="quiet splash"
GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=""

# Uncomment to enable BadRAM filtering, modify to suit your needs
# This works with Linux (no patch required) and with any kernel that obtains
# the memory map information from GRUB (GNU Mach, kernel of FreeBSD ...)
#GRUB_BADRAM="0x01234567,0xfefefefe,0x89abcdef,0xefefefef"

# Uncomment to disable graphical terminal (grub-pc only)
#GRUB_TERMINAL=console

# The resolution used on graphical terminal
# note that you can use only modes which your graphic card supports via VBE
# you can see them in real GRUB with the command `vbeinfo'
#GRUB_GFXMODE=640x480

# Uncomment if you don't want GRUB to pass "root=UUID=xxx" parameter to Linux
#GRUB_DISABLE_LINUX_UUID=true

# Uncomment to disable generation of recovery mode menu entries
#GRUB_DISABLE_RECOVERY="true"

# Uncomment to get a beep at grub start
#GRUB_INIT_TUNE="480 440 1"



/boot/efi detected in the fstab of sda5: UUID=E296-CE3F   (sda2)
Presence of EFI/Microsoft file detected: /boot/efi/EFI/Microsoft/Boot/bootmgfw.efi
Presence of EFI/Boot file detected: /boot/efi/EFI/Boot/bootx64.efi
Presence of EFI/Boot file detected: /boot/efi/EFI/Boot/fbx64.efi
Presence of EFI/Boot file detected: /boot/efi/EFI/Boot/mmx64.efi
/usr/share/boot-sav/bs-cmd_terminal.sh: ligne 194: avertissement : substitution de commande: octet nul ignoré en entrée

=================== efibootmgr -v
BootCurrent: 0001
Timeout: 2 seconds
BootOrder: 0001,0000
Boot0000* Windows Boot Manager	HD(2,GPT,02807bc5-c09e-4979-b77a-e6d01516c070,0xfa000,0x32000)/File(EFIMICROSOFTBOOTBOOTMGFW.EFI)WINDOWS.........x...B.C.D.O.B.J.E.C.T.=.{.9.d.e.a.8.6.2.c.-.5.c.d.d.-.4.e.7.0.-.a.c.c.1.-.f.3.2.b.3.4.4.d.4.7.9.5.}....................
Boot0001* ubuntu	HD(2,GPT,02807bc5-c09e-4979-b77a-e6d01516c070,0xfa000,0x32000)/File(EFIUBUNTUSHIMX64.EFI)

=================== UEFI/Legacy mode:
BIOS is EFI-compatible, and is setup in EFI-mode for this installed-session.
SecureBoot disabled. (maybe sec-boot, Veuillez indiquer ce message à boot.repair@gmail.com)


=================== PARTITIONS & DISKS:
sda5	: sda,	not-sepboot,	grubenv-ok	grub2,	signed grub-pc grub-efi ,	update-grub,	64,	with-boot,	is-os,	not--efi--part,	fstab-without-boot,	fstab-has-goodEFI,	no-nt,	no-winload,	no-recov-nor-hid,	no-bmgr,	notwinboot,	apt-get,	grub-install,	with--usr,	fstab-without-usr,	not-sep-usr,	standard,	farbios,	notbiosboot, .
nvme0n1p1	: nvme0n1,	not-sepboot,	no-grubenv	nogrub,	no-docgrub,	no-update-grub,	32,	no-boot,	is-os,	not--efi--part,	part-has-no-fstab,	part-has-no-fstab,	no-nt,	haswinload,	no-recov-nor-hid,	no-bmgr,	notwinboot,	nopakmgr,	nogrubinstall,	no---usr,	part-has-no-fstab,	not-sep-usr,	standard,	farbios,	notbiosboot, /media/Windows10.
sda1	: sda,	not-sepboot,	no-grubenv	nogrub,	no-docgrub,	no-update-grub,	32,	no-boot,	no-os,	not--efi--part,	part-has-no-fstab,	part-has-no-fstab,	no-nt,	no-winload,	recovery-or-hidden,	no-bmgr,	notwinboot,	nopakmgr,	nogrubinstall,	no---usr,	part-has-no-fstab,	not-sep-usr,	standard,	not-far,	notbiosboot, /media/Winrecup.
sda2	: sda,	not-sepboot,	no-grubenv	nogrub,	no-docgrub,	no-update-grub,	32,	no-boot,	is-os,	is-correct-EFI,	part-has-no-fstab,	part-has-no-fstab,	no-nt,	no-winload,	no-recov-nor-hid,	no-bmgr,	notwinboot,	nopakmgr,	nogrubinstall,	no---usr,	part-has-no-fstab,	not-sep-usr,	standard,	not-far,	notbiosboot, /boot/efi.
sda4	: sda,	not-sepboot,	no-grubenv	nogrub,	no-docgrub,	no-update-grub,	32,	no-boot,	no-os,	not--efi--part,	part-has-no-fstab,	part-has-no-fstab,	no-nt,	no-winload,	no-recov-nor-hid,	no-bmgr,	notwinboot,	nopakmgr,	nogrubinstall,	no---usr,	part-has-no-fstab,	not-sep-usr,	standard,	farbios,	notbiosboot, /media/Winlogiciels.
sda8	: sda,	maybesepboot,	no-grubenv	nogrub,	no-docgrub,	no-update-grub,	32,	no-boot,	no-os,	not--efi--part,	part-has-no-fstab,	part-has-no-fstab,	no-nt,	no-winload,	no-recov-nor-hid,	no-bmgr,	notwinboot,	nopakmgr,	nogrubinstall,	no---usr,	part-has-no-fstab,	not-sep-usr,	standard,	farbios,	notbiosboot, /media/Doc.

sda	: GPT,	no-BIOS_boot,	has-correctEFI, 	not-usb,	not-mmc, has-os,	2048 sectors * 512 bytes
nvme0n1	: GPT,	no-BIOS_boot,	has-no-EFIpart, 	not-usb,	not-mmc, has-os,	2048 sectors * 512 bytes


=================== parted -lm:

BYT;
/dev/sda:1000GB:scsi:512:4096:gpt:ATA HGST HTS541010B7:;
1:1049kB:524MB:523MB:ntfs:Basic data partition:hidden, diag;
2:524MB:629MB:105MB:fat32:EFI system partition:boot, esp;
3:629MB:646MB:16.8MB::Microsoft reserved partition:msftres;
4:646MB:152GB:151GB:ntfs:Windowd logiciels:msftdata;
5:152GB:202GB:50.0GB:ext4::;
8:301GB:1000GB:699GB:ext4:doc:;

BYT;
/dev/nvme0n1:500GB:nvme:512:512:gpt:Samsung SSD 970 EVO 500GB:;
1:1049kB:180GB:180GB:ntfs:windows:msftdata;

=================== lsblk:
KNAME     TYPE FSTYPE   SIZE LABEL
sda       disk        931,5G
sda1      part ntfs   498,8M Récupération
sda2      part vfat     100M
sda3      part           16M
sda4      part ntfs   140,6G WinLogiciel
sda5      part ext4    46,6G
sda8      part ext4   651,4G
nvme0n1   disk        465,8G
nvme0n1p1 part ntfs     168G Windows 10

KNAME     ROTA RO RM STATE   MOUNTPOINT
sda          1  0  0 running
sda1         1  0  0         /media/Winrecup
sda2         1  0  0         /boot/efi
sda3         1  0  0
sda4         1  0  0         /media/Winlogiciels
sda5         1  0  0         /
sda8         1  0  0         /media/Doc
nvme0n1      0  0  0 live
nvme0n1p1    0  0  0         /media/Windows10


=================== mount:
sysfs on /sys type sysfs (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime)
proc on /proc type proc (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime)
udev on /dev type devtmpfs (rw,nosuid,noexec,relatime,size=12246508k,nr_inodes=3061627,mode=755)
devpts on /dev/pts type devpts (rw,nosuid,noexec,relatime,gid=5,mode=620,ptmxmode=000)
tmpfs on /run type tmpfs (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,size=2454928k,mode=755)
/dev/sda5 on / type ext4 (rw,relatime,errors=remount-ro)
securityfs on /sys/kernel/security type securityfs (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime)
tmpfs on /dev/shm type tmpfs (rw,nosuid,nodev)
tmpfs on /run/lock type tmpfs (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,size=5120k)
tmpfs on /sys/fs/cgroup type tmpfs (ro,nosuid,nodev,noexec,mode=755)
cgroup2 on /sys/fs/cgroup/unified type cgroup2 (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,nsdelegate)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/systemd type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,xattr,name=systemd)
pstore on /sys/fs/pstore type pstore (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime)
efivarfs on /sys/firmware/efi/efivars type efivarfs (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime)
none on /sys/fs/bpf type bpf (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,mode=700)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/cpuset type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,cpuset)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/freezer type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,freezer)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/memory type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,memory)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/rdma type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,rdma)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/perf_event type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,perf_event)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/net_cls,net_prio type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,net_cls,net_prio)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/cpu,cpuacct type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,cpu,cpuacct)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/blkio type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,blkio)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/pids type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,pids)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/hugetlb type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,hugetlb)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/devices type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,devices)
systemd-1 on /proc/sys/fs/binfmt_misc type autofs (rw,relatime,fd=28,pgrp=1,timeout=0,minproto=5,maxproto=5,direct,pipe_ino=1865)
hugetlbfs on /dev/hugepages type hugetlbfs (rw,relatime,pagesize=2M)
debugfs on /sys/kernel/debug type debugfs (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime)
mqueue on /dev/mqueue type mqueue (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime)
tracefs on /sys/kernel/tracing type tracefs (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime)
fusectl on /sys/fs/fuse/connections type fusectl (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime)
configfs on /sys/kernel/config type configfs (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime)
/dev/nvme0n1p1 on /media/Windows10 type fuseblk (rw,relatime,user_id=0,group_id=0,default_permissions,allow_other,blksize=4096)
/dev/sda1 on /media/Winrecup type fuseblk (rw,relatime,user_id=0,group_id=0,default_permissions,allow_other,blksize=4096)
/dev/sda4 on /media/Winlogiciels type fuseblk (rw,relatime,user_id=0,group_id=0,default_permissions,allow_other,blksize=4096)
/dev/sda8 on /media/Doc type ext4 (rw,relatime)
/dev/sda2 on /boot/efi type vfat (rw,relatime,fmask=0077,dmask=0077,codepage=437,iocharset=iso8859-1,shortname=mixed,errors=remount-ro)
tmpfs on /run/user/1000 type tmpfs (rw,nosuid,nodev,relatime,size=2454924k,mode=700,uid=1000,gid=1000)
gvfsd-fuse on /run/user/1000/gvfs type fuse.gvfsd-fuse (rw,nosuid,nodev,relatime,user_id=1000,group_id=1000)
gvfsd-fuse on /root/.cache/gvfs type fuse.gvfsd-fuse (rw,nosuid,nodev,relatime,user_id=0,group_id=0)


=================== ls:
/sys/block/nvme0n1 (filtered):  alignment_offset bdi capability dev device discard_alignment eui events events_async events_poll_msecs ext_range hidden holders inflight integrity lightnvm mq nsid nvme0n1p1 power queue range removable ro size slaves stat subsystem trace uevent wwid
/sys/block/sda (filtered):  alignment_offset bdi capability dev device discard_alignment events events_async events_poll_msecs ext_range hidden holders inflight integrity mq power queue range removable ro sda1 sda2 sda3 sda4 sda5 sda8 size slaves stat subsystem trace uevent
/dev (filtered):  autofs block bsg btrfs-control bus char console core cpu cpu_dma_latency cuse disk dri drm_dp_aux0 drm_dp_aux1 ecryptfs fb0 fd full fuse hidraw0 hidraw1 hidraw2 hidraw3 hidraw4 hpet hugepages hwrng i2c-0 i2c-1 i2c-2 i2c-3 i2c-4 i2c-5 i2c-6 initctl input kmsg lightnvm log mapper mcelog mei0 mem mqueue net null nvidia0 nvidiactl nvidia-modeset nvidia-uvm nvidia-uvm-tools nvme0 nvme0n1 nvme0n1p1 port ppp psaux ptmx pts random rfkill rtc rtc0 sda sda1 sda2 sda3 sda4 sda5 sda8 sg0 shm snapshot snd stderr stdin stdout tpm0 tpmrm0 udmabuf uhid uinput urandom usb userio vfio vga_arbiter vhci vhost-net vhost-vsock zero zfs
ls /dev/mapper:  control

=================== hexdump -n512 -C /dev/nvme0n1p1
00000000  eb 52 90 4e 54 46 53 20  20 20 20 00 02 08 00 00  |.R.NTFS    .....|
00000010  00 00 00 00 00 f8 00 00  3f 00 ff 00 00 08 00 00  |........?.......|
00000020  00 00 00 00 80 00 80 00  ff f7 fe 14 00 00 00 00  |................|
00000030  00 00 0c 00 00 00 00 00  02 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |................|
00000040  f6 00 00 00 01 00 00 00  36 aa a4 08 e7 a4 08 b4  |........6.......|
00000050  00 00 00 00 fa 33 c0 8e  d0 bc 00 7c fb 68 c0 07  |.....3.....|.h..|
00000060  1f 1e 68 66 00 cb 88 16  0e 00 66 81 3e 03 00 4e  |..hf......f.>..N|
00000070  54 46 53 75 15 b4 41 bb  aa 55 cd 13 72 0c 81 fb  |TFSu..A..U..r...|
00000080  55 aa 75 06 f7 c1 01 00  75 03 e9 dd 00 1e 83 ec  |U.u.....u.......|
00000090  18 68 1a 00 b4 48 8a 16  0e 00 8b f4 16 1f cd 13  |.h...H..........|
000000a0  9f 83 c4 18 9e 58 1f 72  e1 3b 06 0b 00 75 db a3  |.....X.r.;...u..|
000000b0  0f 00 c1 2e 0f 00 04 1e  5a 33 db b9 00 20 2b c8  |........Z3... +.|
000000c0  66 ff 06 11 00 03 16 0f  00 8e c2 ff 06 16 00 e8  |f...............|
000000d0  4b 00 2b c8 77 ef b8 00  bb cd 1a 66 23 c0 75 2d  |K.+.w......f#.u-|
000000e0  66 81 fb 54 43 50 41 75  24 81 f9 02 01 72 1e 16  |f..TCPAu$....r..|
000000f0  68 07 bb 16 68 52 11 16  68 09 00 66 53 66 53 66  |h...hR..h..fSfSf|
00000100  55 16 16 16 68 b8 01 66  61 0e 07 cd 1a 33 c0 bf  |U...h..fa....3..|
00000110  0a 13 b9 f6 0c fc f3 aa  e9 fe 01 90 90 66 60 1e  |.............f`.|
00000120  06 66 a1 11 00 66 03 06  1c 00 1e 66 68 00 00 00  |.f...f.....fh...|
00000130  00 66 50 06 53 68 01 00  68 10 00 b4 42 8a 16 0e  |.fP.Sh..h...B...|
00000140  00 16 1f 8b f4 cd 13 66  59 5b 5a 66 59 66 59 1f  |.......fY[ZfYfY.|
00000150  0f 82 16 00 66 ff 06 11  00 03 16 0f 00 8e c2 ff  |....f...........|
00000160  0e 16 00 75 bc 07 1f 66  61 c3 a1 f6 01 e8 09 00  |...u...fa.......|
00000170  a1 fa 01 e8 03 00 f4 eb  fd 8b f0 ac 3c 00 74 09  |............<.t.|
00000180  b4 0e bb 07 00 cd 10 eb  f2 c3 0d 0a 45 72 72 65  |............Erre|
00000190  75 72 20 6c 65 63 74 75  72 65 20 64 69 73 71 75  |ur lecture disqu|
000001a0  65 00 0d 0a 42 4f 4f 54  4d 47 52 20 63 6f 6d 70  |e...BOOTMGR comp|
000001b0  72 65 73 73 82 00 0d 0a  43 74 72 6c 2b 41 6c 74  |ress....Ctrl+Alt|
000001c0  2b 53 75 70 70 72 20 70  6f 75 72 20 72 65 64 82  |+Suppr pour red.|
000001d0  6d 61 72 72 65 72 0d 0a  00 73 74 61 72 74 0d 0a  |marrer...start..|
000001e0  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |................|
000001f0  00 00 00 00 00 00 8a 01  a2 01 b6 01 00 00 55 aa  |..............U.|
00000200

=================== hexdump -n512 -C /dev/sda1
00000000  eb 52 90 4e 54 46 53 20  20 20 20 00 02 08 00 00  |.R.NTFS    .....|
00000010  00 00 00 00 00 f8 00 00  3f 00 ff 00 00 08 00 00  |........?.......|
00000020  00 00 00 00 80 00 80 00  28 96 0f 00 00 00 00 00  |........(.......|
00000030  55 a6 00 00 00 00 00 00  02 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |U...............|
00000040  f6 00 00 00 01 00 00 00  2b 68 95 32 7a 95 32 4e  |........+h.2z.2N|
00000050  00 00 00 00 fa 33 c0 8e  d0 bc 00 7c fb 68 c0 07  |.....3.....|.h..|
00000060  1f 1e 68 66 00 cb 88 16  0e 00 66 81 3e 03 00 4e  |..hf......f.>..N|
00000070  54 46 53 75 15 b4 41 bb  aa 55 cd 13 72 0c 81 fb  |TFSu..A..U..r...|
00000080  55 aa 75 06 f7 c1 01 00  75 03 e9 dd 00 1e 83 ec  |U.u.....u.......|
00000090  18 68 1a 00 b4 48 8a 16  0e 00 8b f4 16 1f cd 13  |.h...H..........|
000000a0  9f 83 c4 18 9e 58 1f 72  e1 3b 06 0b 00 75 db a3  |.....X.r.;...u..|
000000b0  0f 00 c1 2e 0f 00 04 1e  5a 33 db b9 00 20 2b c8  |........Z3... +.|
000000c0  66 ff 06 11 00 03 16 0f  00 8e c2 ff 06 16 00 e8  |f...............|
000000d0  4b 00 2b c8 77 ef b8 00  bb cd 1a 66 23 c0 75 2d  |K.+.w......f#.u-|
000000e0  66 81 fb 54 43 50 41 75  24 81 f9 02 01 72 1e 16  |f..TCPAu$....r..|
000000f0  68 07 bb 16 68 52 11 16  68 09 00 66 53 66 53 66  |h...hR..h..fSfSf|
00000100  55 16 16 16 68 b8 01 66  61 0e 07 cd 1a 33 c0 bf  |U...h..fa....3..|
00000110  0a 13 b9 f6 0c fc f3 aa  e9 fe 01 90 90 66 60 1e  |.............f`.|
00000120  06 66 a1 11 00 66 03 06  1c 00 1e 66 68 00 00 00  |.f...f.....fh...|
00000130  00 66 50 06 53 68 01 00  68 10 00 b4 42 8a 16 0e  |.fP.Sh..h...B...|
00000140  00 16 1f 8b f4 cd 13 66  59 5b 5a 66 59 66 59 1f  |.......fY[ZfYfY.|
00000150  0f 82 16 00 66 ff 06 11  00 03 16 0f 00 8e c2 ff  |....f...........|
00000160  0e 16 00 75 bc 07 1f 66  61 c3 a1 f6 01 e8 09 00  |...u...fa.......|
00000170  a1 fa 01 e8 03 00 f4 eb  fd 8b f0 ac 3c 00 74 09  |............<.t.|
00000180  b4 0e bb 07 00 cd 10 eb  f2 c3 0d 0a 45 72 72 65  |............Erre|
00000190  75 72 20 6c 65 63 74 75  72 65 20 64 69 73 71 75  |ur lecture disqu|
000001a0  65 00 0d 0a 42 4f 4f 54  4d 47 52 20 63 6f 6d 70  |e...BOOTMGR comp|
000001b0  72 65 73 73 82 00 0d 0a  43 74 72 6c 2b 41 6c 74  |ress....Ctrl+Alt|
000001c0  2b 53 75 70 70 72 20 70  6f 75 72 20 72 65 64 82  |+Suppr pour red.|
000001d0  6d 61 72 72 65 72 0d 0a  00 73 74 61 72 74 0d 0a  |marrer...start..|
000001e0  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |................|
000001f0  00 00 00 00 00 00 8a 01  a2 01 b6 01 00 00 55 aa  |..............U.|
00000200

=================== hexdump -n512 -C /dev/sda2
00000000  eb 58 90 4d 53 44 4f 53  35 2e 30 00 02 02 fe 19  |.X.MSDOS5.0.....|
00000010  02 00 00 00 00 f8 00 00  3f 00 ff 00 00 a0 0f 00  |........?.......|
00000020  00 20 03 00 01 03 00 00  00 00 00 00 02 00 00 00  |. ..............|
00000030  01 00 06 00 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |................|
00000040  80 01 29 3f ce 96 e2 4e  4f 20 4e 41 4d 45 20 20  |..)?...NO NAME  |
00000050  20 20 46 41 54 33 32 20  20 20 33 c9 8e d1 bc f4  |  FAT32   3.....|
00000060  7b 8e c1 8e d9 bd 00 7c  88 56 40 88 4e 02 8a 56  |{......|.V@.N..V|
00000070  40 b4 41 bb aa 55 cd 13  72 10 81 fb 55 aa 75 0a  |@.A..U..r...U.u.|
00000080  f6 c1 01 74 05 fe 46 02  eb 2d 8a 56 40 b4 08 cd  |...t..F..-.V@...|
00000090  13 73 05 b9 ff ff 8a f1  66 0f b6 c6 40 66 0f b6  |.s......f...@f..|
000000a0  d1 80 e2 3f f7 e2 86 cd  c0 ed 06 41 66 0f b7 c9  |...?.......Af...|
000000b0  66 f7 e1 66 89 46 f8 83  7e 16 00 75 39 83 7e 2a  |f..f.F..~..u9.~*|
000000c0  00 77 33 66 8b 46 1c 66  83 c0 0c bb 00 80 b9 01  |.w3f.F.f........|
000000d0  00 e8 2c 00 e9 a8 03 a1  f8 7d 80 c4 7c 8b f0 ac  |..,......}..|...|
000000e0  84 c0 74 17 3c ff 74 09  b4 0e bb 07 00 cd 10 eb  |..t.<.t.........|
000000f0  ee a1 fa 7d eb e4 a1 7d  80 eb df 98 cd 16 cd 19  |...}...}........|
00000100  66 60 80 7e 02 00 0f 84  20 00 66 6a 00 66 50 06  |f`.~.... .fj.fP.|
00000110  53 66 68 10 00 01 00 b4  42 8a 56 40 8b f4 cd 13  |Sfh.....B.V@....|
00000120  66 58 66 58 66 58 66 58  eb 33 66 3b 46 f8 72 03  |fXfXfXfX.3f;F.r.|
00000130  f9 eb 2a 66 33 d2 66 0f  b7 4e 18 66 f7 f1 fe c2  |..*f3.f..N.f....|
00000140  8a ca 66 8b d0 66 c1 ea  10 f7 76 1a 86 d6 8a 56  |..f..f....v....V|
00000150  40 8a e8 c0 e4 06 0a cc  b8 01 02 cd 13 66 61 0f  |@............fa.|
00000160  82 74 ff 81 c3 00 02 66  40 49 75 94 c3 42 4f 4f  |.t.....f@Iu..BOO|
00000170  54 4d 47 52 20 20 20 20  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |TMGR    ........|
00000180  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |................|
*
000001a0  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 0d 0a 45 72  |..............Er|
000001b0  72 2e 20 64 69 73 71 75  65 ff 0d 0a 50 72 65 73  |r. disque...Pres|
000001c0  73 65 7a 20 75 6e 65 20  74 6f 75 63 68 65 20 70  |sez une touche p|
000001d0  6f 75 72 20 72 65 64 82  6d 61 72 72 65 72 0d 0a  |our red.marrer..|
000001e0  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |................|
000001f0  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  ac 01 ba 01 00 00 55 aa  |..............U.|
00000200

=================== hexdump -n512 -C /dev/sda4
00000000  eb 52 90 4e 54 46 53 20  20 20 20 00 02 08 00 00  |.R.NTFS    .....|
00000010  00 00 00 00 00 f8 00 00  3f 00 ff 00 00 40 13 00  |........?....@..|
00000020  00 00 00 00 80 00 80 00  f8 f7 93 11 00 00 00 00  |................|
00000030  04 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  ff 4f c3 00 00 00 00 00  |.........O......|
00000040  f6 00 00 00 01 00 00 00  45 56 0e 5a 50 be 06 11  |........EV.ZP...|
00000050  00 00 00 00 0e 1f be 71  7c ac 22 c0 74 0b 56 b4  |.......q|.".t.V.|
00000060  0e bb 07 00 cd 10 5e eb  f0 32 e4 cd 16 cd 19 eb  |......^..2......|
00000070  fe 54 68 69 73 20 69 73  20 6e 6f 74 20 61 20 62  |.This is not a b|
00000080  6f 6f 74 61 62 6c 65 20  64 69 73 6b 2e 20 50 6c  |ootable disk. Pl|
00000090  65 61 73 65 20 69 6e 73  65 72 74 20 61 20 62 6f  |ease insert a bo|
000000a0  6f 74 61 62 6c 65 20 66  6c 6f 70 70 79 20 61 6e  |otable floppy an|
000000b0  64 0d 0a 70 72 65 73 73  20 61 6e 79 20 6b 65 79  |d..press any key|
000000c0  20 74 6f 20 74 72 79 20  61 67 61 69 6e 20 2e 2e  | to try again ..|
000000d0  2e 20 0d 0a 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |. ..............|
000000e0  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |................|
*
000001f0  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 55 aa  |..............U.|
00000200

=================== df -Th:

Filesystem     Type      Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
udev           devtmpfs   12G     0   12G   0% /dev
tmpfs          tmpfs     2.4G  1.9M  2.4G   1% /run
/dev/sda5      ext4       46G  8.8G   35G  21% /
tmpfs          tmpfs      12G   39M   12G   1% /dev/shm
tmpfs          tmpfs     5.0M  4.0K  5.0M   1% /run/lock
tmpfs          tmpfs      12G     0   12G   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
/dev/nvme0n1p1 fuseblk   168G   65G  104G  39% /media/Windows10
/dev/sda1      fuseblk   499M  379M  121M  76% /media/Winrecup
/dev/sda4      fuseblk   141G   63G   79G  45% /media/Winlogiciels
/dev/sda8      ext4      641G  412G  197G  68% /media/Doc
/dev/sda2      vfat       96M   34M   63M  35% /boot/efi
tmpfs          tmpfs     2.4G   20K  2.4G   1% /run/user/1000

=================== fdisk -l:
Disk /dev/nvme0n1: 465.78 GiB, 500107862016 bytes, 976773168 sectors
Disk model: Samsung SSD 970 EVO 500GB
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disklabel type: gpt
Disk identifier: 41650416-B00E-45CE-B39B-6A579A956B65

Device         Start       End   Sectors  Size Type
/dev/nvme0n1p1  2048 352255999 352253952  168G Microsoft basic data


Disk /dev/sda: 931.53 GiB, 1000204886016 bytes, 1953525168 sectors
Disk model: HGST HTS541010B7
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disklabel type: gpt
Disk identifier: BC601F81-0C87-4504-8782-B61511D2C1E3

Device         Start        End    Sectors   Size Type
/dev/sda1       2048    1023532    1021485 498.8M Windows recovery environment
/dev/sda2    1024000    1228799     204800   100M EFI System
/dev/sda3    1228800    1261567      32768    16M Microsoft reserved
/dev/sda4    1261568  296171519  294909952 140.6G Microsoft basic data
/dev/sda5  296171520  393828351   97656832  46.6G Linux filesystem
/dev/sda8  587501568 1953523711 1366022144 651.4G Linux filesystem




=================== Suggested repair
The default repair of the Boot-Repair utility would reinstall the grub-efi-amd64-signed of sda5, using the following options:        sda2/boot/efi,
Additional repair would be performed: unhide-bootmenu-10s   fix-windows-boot use-standard-efi-file


=================== Final advice in case of suggested repair
N'oubliez pas de régler votre BIOS pour qu'il amorce sur le fichier sda2/efi/.../grub*.efi !

Si votre ordinateur redémarre directement sur Windows, essayez de changer l'ordre de démarrage dans votre BIOS.
Si votre BIOS ne permet pas de changer l'ordre de démarrage, changez l'entrée de démarrage par défaut de l'amorceur Windows.
Par exemple, vous pouvez démarrer Windows, puis saisir la commande suivante dans une invite de commande en mode administrateur :
bcdedit /set {bootmgr} path \EFI\...\grub*.efi


=================== User settings
The settings chosen by the user will not act on the boot.

Hors ligne