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#1 Le 31/08/2018, à 10:38

bishoupa

[Résolu] Windows 10 se lance à la place de grub

Bonjour,

j'ai récemment monté un nouvel ordinateur, l'installation matérielle et logicielle a été un peu compliquée (résumé des épisodes précédents ici : https://forum.ubuntu-fr.org/viewtopic.php?id=2030011) mais maintenant que je suis parvenu à installer windows 10 (sans problème pour lui) et ubuntu (problème pour lui) je rencontre à nouveau certaines difficultés...
Actuellement, c'est windows 10 qui se lance directement, sans passer par grub. Si je rentre dans le boot menu au démarrage, je peux sélectionner ubuntu, et à ce moment là, j'arrive sur grub et peut lancer ubuntu à peu près normalement.
Mais je voudrais arriver sur grub directement.
J'ai commencé par essayer boot repair, qui échoue (grub-efi-amd64-signed purge cancelled).
J'ai cherché pas mal sur des forums et je suis tombé sur ce sujet https://forum.ubuntu-fr.org/viewtopic.p … 650241&p=2 mais la commande bcdedit /set {bootmgr} path \EFI\ubuntu\shimx64.efi me renvoie que les paramètres ne sont pas corrects.
J'ai également essayer de changer l'ordre du bot via

sudo efibootmgr -o

sans succès.

Si vous avez des idées...

Dernière modification par bishoupa (Le 07/09/2018, à 10:00)


Ubuntu Enthusiast

Hors ligne

#2 Le 01/09/2018, à 08:16

malbo

Re : [Résolu] Windows 10 se lance à la place de grub

bishoupa a écrit :

Si je rentre dans le boot menu au démarrage

Peux-tu confirmer que tu vas dans le Boot Menu en pressant la touche F11 au démarrage de l'ordi ? Si tu procèdes autrement pour aller dans le Boot Menu, je te prie d'expliquer sommairement la chose.

EDIT : depuis une session de ton Ubuntu installé, je te prie de faire un Boot-Info et de donner l'URL de ce Boot-Info dans ta réponse. On pourra peut-être y voir ce qui pose problème.

Dernière modification par malbo (Le 01/09/2018, à 08:18)

Hors ligne

#3 Le 03/09/2018, à 13:50

bishoupa

Re : [Résolu] Windows 10 se lance à la place de grub

Merci de ta réponse.

Oui, c'est bien ça, j'appuie sur F11 au boot puis choisi ubuntu pour accéder au grub

mon boot-info : http://paste.ubuntu.com/p/Mpr9Qy7gSv/


Ubuntu Enthusiast

Hors ligne

#4 Le 07/09/2018, à 07:52

bishoupa

Re : [Résolu] Windows 10 se lance à la place de grub

Je me permets de demander un petit "up" smile


Ubuntu Enthusiast

Hors ligne

#5 Le 07/09/2018, à 09:35

??

Re : [Résolu] Windows 10 se lance à la place de grub

Bonjour.
Première chose à faire lorsque tu seras de nouveau dans ubuntu: Rétablir la bonne séquence de boot avec cette commande

  sudo efibootmgr  -o 1 

Seconde chose. Voir si cet ordre est stable à l'usage.


Utiliser REFIND au lieu du GRUB https://doc.ubuntu-fr.org/refind . Aidez à vous faire dépanner en suivant le guide et en utilisant les outils de diagnostic J'ai perdu ma gomme. Désolé pour les fautes d'orthographes non corrigées.

Hors ligne

#6 Le 07/09/2018, à 10:00

bishoupa

Re : [Résolu] Windows 10 se lance à la place de grub

Bonjour,

merci pour ta réponse, effectivement comme ça je boot directement sur grub, c'est parfait pour moi, merci beaucoup !


Ubuntu Enthusiast

Hors ligne

#7 Le 17/09/2018, à 09:23

malbo

Re : [Résolu] Windows 10 se lance à la place de grub

Ton Boot-Info dont tu as donné le lien dans le post #3 est là :

 Boot Info Script 8f991e4 + Boot-Repair extra info      [Boot-Info 25oct2017]


============================= Boot Info Summary: ===============================

 => No boot loader is installed in the MBR of /dev/sda.
 => Windows 7/8/2012 is installed in the MBR of /dev/sdb.
 => Syslinux MBR (5.00 and higher) is installed in the MBR of /dev/sdc.
 => Windows 2000/XP/2003 is installed in the MBR of /dev/sdd.

sda1: __________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       ext4
    Boot sector type:  -
    Boot sector info: 
    Operating System:  Ubuntu 18.04.1 LTS
    Boot files:        /boot/grub/grub.cfg /etc/fstab

sdb1: __________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       
    Boot sector type:  -
    Boot sector info: 
    Mounting failed:   mount: /mnt/BootInfo/sdb1: unknown filesystem type ''.

sdb2: __________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       
    Boot sector type:  -
    Boot sector info: 
    Mounting failed:   mount: /mnt/BootInfo/sdb1: unknown filesystem type ''.
mount: /mnt/BootInfo/sdb2: unknown filesystem type ''.

sdc1: __________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       vfat
    Boot sector type:  SYSLINUX 6.03
    Boot sector info:  Syslinux looks at sector 8216 of /dev/sdc1 for its 
                       second stage. The integrity check of Syslinux failed. 
                       No errors found in the Boot Parameter Block.
    Operating System:  
    Boot files:        /boot/grub/grub.cfg /syslinux.cfg 
                       /EFI/BOOT/grubx64.efi /ldlinux.sys

sdd1: __________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       vfat
    Boot sector type:  FAT32
    Boot sector info:  No errors found in the Boot Parameter Block.
    Operating System:  
    Boot files:        

============================ Drive/Partition Info: =============================

Drive: sda _____________________________________________________________________
Disk /dev/sda: 465.8 GiB, 500107862016 bytes, 976773168 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disklabel type: gpt

Partition  Boot  Start Sector    End Sector  # of Sectors  Id System

/dev/sda1                   1   976,773,167   976,773,167  ee GPT


GUID Partition Table detected.

Partition  Attrs   Start Sector    End Sector  # of Sectors System
/dev/sda1                 2,048   976,771,071   976,769,024 Data partition (Linux)

Attributes: R=Required, N=No Block IO, B=Legacy BIOS Bootable, +=More bits set

Drive: sdb _____________________________________________________________________
Disk /dev/sdb: 931.5 GiB, 1000204886016 bytes, 1953525168 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disklabel type: gpt

Partition  Boot  Start Sector    End Sector  # of Sectors  Id System

/dev/sdb1                   1 4,294,967,295 4,294,967,295  ee GPT

/dev/sdb1 ends after the last sector of /dev/sdb

GUID Partition Table detected.

Partition  Attrs   Start Sector    End Sector  # of Sectors System
/dev/sdb1                    34        32,767        32,734 Microsoft Reserved Partition (Windows)
/dev/sdb2                32,768 1,953,523,711 1,953,490,944 -

Attributes: R=Required, N=No Block IO, B=Legacy BIOS Bootable, +=More bits set

Drive: sdc _____________________________________________________________________
Disk /dev/sdc: 1.9 GiB, 2002747392 bytes, 3911616 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disklabel type: dos

Partition  Boot  Start Sector    End Sector  # of Sectors  Id System

/dev/sdc1    *          2,048     3,911,615     3,909,568   c W95 FAT32 (LBA)


Drive: sdd _____________________________________________________________________
Disk /dev/sdd: 7.2 GiB, 7757398016 bytes, 15151168 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disklabel type: dos

Partition  Boot  Start Sector    End Sector  # of Sectors  Id System

/dev/sdd1    *             64    15,151,167    15,151,104   c W95 FAT32 (LBA)


"blkid" output: ________________________________________________________________

Device           UUID                                   TYPE       LABEL

/dev/loop0                                              squashfs   
/dev/loop1                                              squashfs   
/dev/loop10                                             squashfs   
/dev/loop11                                             squashfs   
/dev/loop12                                             squashfs   
/dev/loop13                                             squashfs   
/dev/loop2                                              squashfs   
/dev/loop3                                              squashfs   
/dev/loop4                                              squashfs   
/dev/loop5                                              squashfs   
/dev/loop6                                              squashfs   
/dev/loop7                                              squashfs   
/dev/loop8                                              squashfs   
/dev/loop9                                              squashfs   
/dev/nvme0n1                                                       
/dev/nvme0n1p1   4454B34C54B3400A                       ntfs       Récupération
/dev/nvme0n1p2   82B4-659D                              vfat       
/dev/nvme0n1p3                                                     
/dev/nvme0n1p4   F698B73A98B6F867                       ntfs       
/dev/sda1        e0e3f453-f24e-4c27-b9fe-17f8b2ea80f9   ext4       
/dev/sdb1                                                          
/dev/sdb2                                                          
/dev/sdc1        EC3B-05A3                              vfat       UBUNTU 18_0
/dev/sdd1        E999-9466                              vfat       8go

========================= "ls -l /dev/disk/by-id" output: ======================

total 0
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root  9 Sep  3 10:10 ata-ATAPI_iHAS124_F_3524728_2N8727510709 -> ../../sr0
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root  9 Sep  3 14:48 ata-WDC_WD10EZEX-08WN4A0_WD-WCC6Y7CC09VR -> ../../sdb
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Sep  3 14:48 ata-WDC_WD10EZEX-08WN4A0_WD-WCC6Y7CC09VR-part1 -> ../../sdb1
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Sep  3 14:48 ata-WDC_WD10EZEX-08WN4A0_WD-WCC6Y7CC09VR-part2 -> ../../sdb2
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root  9 Sep  3 14:48 ata-WDC_WD5000LPCX-00VHAT0_WD-WXR1EA755UH1 -> ../../sda
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Sep  3 14:48 ata-WDC_WD5000LPCX-00VHAT0_WD-WXR1EA755UH1-part1 -> ../../sda1
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 13 Sep  3 14:48 nvme-INTEL_SSDPEKKW128G8_BTHH81951JS8128A -> ../../nvme0n1
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 15 Sep  3 14:48 nvme-INTEL_SSDPEKKW128G8_BTHH81951JS8128A-part1 -> ../../nvme0n1p1
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 15 Sep  3 14:48 nvme-INTEL_SSDPEKKW128G8_BTHH81951JS8128A-part2 -> ../../nvme0n1p2
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 15 Sep  3 14:48 nvme-INTEL_SSDPEKKW128G8_BTHH81951JS8128A-part3 -> ../../nvme0n1p3
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 15 Sep  3 14:48 nvme-INTEL_SSDPEKKW128G8_BTHH81951JS8128A-part4 -> ../../nvme0n1p4
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 13 Sep  3 14:48 nvme-eui.0000000001000000e4d25cfd0e664f01 -> ../../nvme0n1
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 15 Sep  3 14:48 nvme-eui.0000000001000000e4d25cfd0e664f01-part1 -> ../../nvme0n1p1
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 15 Sep  3 14:48 nvme-eui.0000000001000000e4d25cfd0e664f01-part2 -> ../../nvme0n1p2
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 15 Sep  3 14:48 nvme-eui.0000000001000000e4d25cfd0e664f01-part3 -> ../../nvme0n1p3
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 15 Sep  3 14:48 nvme-eui.0000000001000000e4d25cfd0e664f01-part4 -> ../../nvme0n1p4
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root  9 Sep  3 14:48 usb-Kingston_DataTraveler_2.0_1C6F654E59341F61893605B0-0:0 -> ../../sdd
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Sep  3 14:48 usb-Kingston_DataTraveler_2.0_1C6F654E59341F61893605B0-0:0-part1 -> ../../sdd1
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root  9 Sep  3 14:48 usb-_USB_Flash_Memory_00147808E485C941C37707CF-0:0 -> ../../sdc
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Sep  3 14:48 usb-_USB_Flash_Memory_00147808E485C941C37707CF-0:0-part1 -> ../../sdc1
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root  9 Sep  3 14:48 wwn-0x50014ee2ba5b12c6 -> ../../sdb
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Sep  3 14:48 wwn-0x50014ee2ba5b12c6-part1 -> ../../sdb1
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Sep  3 14:48 wwn-0x50014ee2ba5b12c6-part2 -> ../../sdb2
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root  9 Sep  3 14:48 wwn-0x50014ee608a9b039 -> ../../sda
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Sep  3 14:48 wwn-0x50014ee608a9b039-part1 -> ../../sda1

================================ Mount points: =================================

Device           Mount_Point              Type       Options

/dev/nvme0n1p2   /boot/efi                vfat       (rw,relatime,fmask=0077,dmask=0077,codepage=437,iocharset=iso8859-1,shortname=mixed,errors=remount-ro)
/dev/sda1        /                        ext4       (rw,relatime,errors=remount-ro,data=ordered)
/dev/sdd1        /media/thebishop/8go     vfat       (rw,nosuid,nodev,relatime,uid=1000,gid=1000,fmask=0022,dmask=0022,codepage=437,iocharset=iso8859-1,shortname=mixed,showexec,utf8,flush,errors=remount-ro,uhelper=udisks2)


=========================== sda1/boot/grub/grub.cfg: ===========================

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
# DO NOT EDIT THIS FILE
#
# It is automatically generated by grub-mkconfig using templates
# from /etc/grub.d and settings from /etc/default/grub
#

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/00_header ###
if [ -s $prefix/grubenv ]; then
  set have_grubenv=true
  load_env
fi
if [ "${next_entry}" ] ; then
   set default="${next_entry}"
   set next_entry=
   save_env next_entry
   set boot_once=true
else
   set default="0"
fi

if [ x"${feature_menuentry_id}" = xy ]; then
  menuentry_id_option="--id"
else
  menuentry_id_option=""
fi

export menuentry_id_option

if [ "${prev_saved_entry}" ]; then
  set saved_entry="${prev_saved_entry}"
  save_env saved_entry
  set prev_saved_entry=
  save_env prev_saved_entry
  set boot_once=true
fi

function savedefault {
  if [ -z "${boot_once}" ]; then
    saved_entry="${chosen}"
    save_env saved_entry
  fi
}
function recordfail {
  set recordfail=1
  if [ -n "${have_grubenv}" ]; then if [ -z "${boot_once}" ]; then save_env recordfail; fi; fi
}
function load_video {
  if [ x$feature_all_video_module = xy ]; then
    insmod all_video
  else
    insmod efi_gop
    insmod efi_uga
    insmod ieee1275_fb
    insmod vbe
    insmod vga
    insmod video_bochs
    insmod video_cirrus
  fi
}

if [ x$feature_default_font_path = xy ] ; then
   font=unicode
else
insmod part_gpt
insmod ext2
set root='hd0,gpt1'
if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,gpt1 --hint-efi=hd0,gpt1 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,gpt1  e0e3f453-f24e-4c27-b9fe-17f8b2ea80f9
else
  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root e0e3f453-f24e-4c27-b9fe-17f8b2ea80f9
fi
    font="/usr/share/grub/unicode.pf2"
fi

if loadfont $font ; then
  set gfxmode=auto
  load_video
  insmod gfxterm
  set locale_dir=$prefix/locale
  set lang=fr_FR
  insmod gettext
fi
terminal_output gfxterm
if [ "${recordfail}" = 1 ] ; then
  set timeout=30
else
  if [ x$feature_timeout_style = xy ] ; then
    set timeout_style=hidden
    set timeout=3
  # Fallback hidden-timeout code in case the timeout_style feature is
  # unavailable.
  elif sleep --interruptible 3 ; then
    set timeout=0
  fi
fi
### END /etc/grub.d/00_header ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/05_debian_theme ###
set menu_color_normal=white/black
set menu_color_highlight=black/light-gray
if background_color 44,0,30,0; then
  clear
fi
### END /etc/grub.d/05_debian_theme ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/10_linux_proxy ###

function gfxmode {
	set gfxpayload="${1}"
	if [ "${1}" = "keep" ]; then
		set vt_handoff=vt.handoff=1
	else
		set vt_handoff=
	fi
}
if [ "${recordfail}" != 1 ]; then
  if [ -e ${prefix}/gfxblacklist.txt ]; then
    if hwmatch ${prefix}/gfxblacklist.txt 3; then
      if [ ${match} = 0 ]; then
        set linux_gfx_mode=keep
      else
        set linux_gfx_mode=text
      fi
    else
      set linux_gfx_mode=text
    fi
  else
    set linux_gfx_mode=keep
  fi
else
  set linux_gfx_mode=text
fi
export linux_gfx_mode



### END /etc/grub.d/10_linux_proxy ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/40_custom_proxy ###
menuentry "Ubuntu" --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-simple-e0e3f453-f24e-4c27-b9fe-17f8b2ea80f9' {
	recordfail
	load_video
	gfxmode $linux_gfx_mode
	insmod gzio
	if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
	insmod part_gpt
	insmod ext2
	set root='hd0,gpt1'
	if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,gpt1 --hint-efi=hd0,gpt1 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,gpt1  e0e3f453-f24e-4c27-b9fe-17f8b2ea80f9
	else
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root e0e3f453-f24e-4c27-b9fe-17f8b2ea80f9
	fi
	        linux	/boot/vmlinuz-4.15.0-33-generic root=UUID=e0e3f453-f24e-4c27-b9fe-17f8b2ea80f9 ro  quiet iommu=soft splash $vt_handoff
	initrd	/boot/initrd.img-4.15.0-33-generic
}
### END /etc/grub.d/40_custom_proxy ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/41_linux_proxy ###
submenu "Options avancées pour Ubuntu"{
menuentry "Ubuntu, avec Linux 4.15.0-33-generic" --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-4.15.0-33-generic-advanced-e0e3f453-f24e-4c27-b9fe-17f8b2ea80f9' {
		recordfail
		load_video
		gfxmode $linux_gfx_mode
		insmod gzio
		if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
		insmod part_gpt
		insmod ext2
		set root='hd0,gpt1'
		if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,gpt1 --hint-efi=hd0,gpt1 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,gpt1  e0e3f453-f24e-4c27-b9fe-17f8b2ea80f9
		else
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root e0e3f453-f24e-4c27-b9fe-17f8b2ea80f9
		fi
		echo	'Chargement de Linux 4.15.0-33-generic…'
	        linux	/boot/vmlinuz-4.15.0-33-generic root=UUID=e0e3f453-f24e-4c27-b9fe-17f8b2ea80f9 ro  quiet splash $vt_handoff
		echo	'Chargement du disque mémoire initial…'
		initrd	/boot/initrd.img-4.15.0-33-generic
}
menuentry "Ubuntu, with Linux 4.15.0-33-generic (recovery mode)" --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-4.15.0-33-generic-recovery-e0e3f453-f24e-4c27-b9fe-17f8b2ea80f9' {
		recordfail
		load_video
		insmod gzio
		if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
		insmod part_gpt
		insmod ext2
		set root='hd0,gpt1'
		if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,gpt1 --hint-efi=hd0,gpt1 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,gpt1  e0e3f453-f24e-4c27-b9fe-17f8b2ea80f9
		else
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root e0e3f453-f24e-4c27-b9fe-17f8b2ea80f9
		fi
		echo	'Chargement de Linux 4.15.0-33-generic…'
	        linux	/boot/vmlinuz-4.15.0-33-generic root=UUID=e0e3f453-f24e-4c27-b9fe-17f8b2ea80f9 ro recovery nomodeset 
		echo	'Chargement du disque mémoire initial…'
		initrd	/boot/initrd.img-4.15.0-33-generic
}
menuentry "Ubuntu, avec Linux 4.15.0-29-generic" --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-4.15.0-29-generic-advanced-e0e3f453-f24e-4c27-b9fe-17f8b2ea80f9' {
		recordfail
		load_video
		gfxmode $linux_gfx_mode
		insmod gzio
		if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
		insmod part_gpt
		insmod ext2
		set root='hd0,gpt1'
		if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,gpt1 --hint-efi=hd0,gpt1 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,gpt1  e0e3f453-f24e-4c27-b9fe-17f8b2ea80f9
		else
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root e0e3f453-f24e-4c27-b9fe-17f8b2ea80f9
		fi
		echo	'Chargement de Linux 4.15.0-29-generic…'
	        linux	/boot/vmlinuz-4.15.0-29-generic root=UUID=e0e3f453-f24e-4c27-b9fe-17f8b2ea80f9 ro  quiet splash $vt_handoff
		echo	'Chargement du disque mémoire initial…'
		initrd	/boot/initrd.img-4.15.0-29-generic
}
menuentry "Ubuntu, with Linux 4.15.0-29-generic (recovery mode)" --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-4.15.0-29-generic-recovery-e0e3f453-f24e-4c27-b9fe-17f8b2ea80f9' {
		recordfail
		load_video
		insmod gzio
		if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
		insmod part_gpt
		insmod ext2
		set root='hd0,gpt1'
		if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd0,gpt1 --hint-efi=hd0,gpt1 --hint-baremetal=ahci0,gpt1  e0e3f453-f24e-4c27-b9fe-17f8b2ea80f9
		else
		  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root e0e3f453-f24e-4c27-b9fe-17f8b2ea80f9
		fi
		echo	'Chargement de Linux 4.15.0-29-generic…'
	        linux	/boot/vmlinuz-4.15.0-29-generic root=UUID=e0e3f453-f24e-4c27-b9fe-17f8b2ea80f9 ro recovery nomodeset 
		echo	'Chargement du disque mémoire initial…'
		initrd	/boot/initrd.img-4.15.0-29-generic
}
}
### END /etc/grub.d/41_linux_proxy ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/42_linux_xen ###

### END /etc/grub.d/42_linux_xen ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/43_memtest86+ ###
### END /etc/grub.d/43_memtest86+ ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/44_os-prober ###
menuentry 'Windows Boot Manager (sur /dev/nvme0n1p2)' --class windows --class os $menuentry_id_option 'osprober-efi-82B4-659D' {
	insmod part_gpt
	insmod fat
	if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root  82B4-659D
	else
	  search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root 82B4-659D
	fi
	chainloader /EFI/Microsoft/Boot/bootmgfw.efi
}
set timeout_style=menu
if [ "${timeout}" = 0 ]; then
  set timeout=10
fi
### END /etc/grub.d/44_os-prober ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/45_uefi-firmware ###
menuentry 'System setup' $menuentry_id_option 'uefi-firmware' {
	fwsetup
}
### END /etc/grub.d/45_uefi-firmware ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/46_custom_proxy ###

# This file provides an easy way to add custom menu entries.  Simply type the
# menu entries you want to add after this comment.  Be careful not to change
# the 'exec tail' line above.

### END /etc/grub.d/46_custom_proxy ###

### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/47_custom ###
if [ -f  ${config_directory}/custom.cfg ]; then
  source ${config_directory}/custom.cfg
elif [ -z "${config_directory}" -a -f  $prefix/custom.cfg ]; then
  source $prefix/custom.cfg;
fi
### END /etc/grub.d/47_custom ###
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

=============================== sda1/etc/fstab: ================================

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /etc/fstab: static file system information.
#
# Use 'blkid' to print the universally unique identifier for a
# device; this may be used with UUID= as a more robust way to name devices
# that works even if disks are added and removed. See fstab(5).
#
# <file system> <mount point>   <type>  <options>       <dump>  <pass>
# / was on /dev/sda1 during installation
UUID=e0e3f453-f24e-4c27-b9fe-17f8b2ea80f9 /               ext4    errors=remount-ro 0       1
# /boot/efi was on /dev/nvme0n1p2 during installation
UUID=82B4-659D  /boot/efi       vfat    umask=0077      0       1
/swapfile                                 none            swap    sw              0       0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

=================== sda1: Location of files loaded by Grub: ====================

           GiB - GB             File                                 Fragment(s)

 176.298816681 = 189.299412992  boot/grub/grub.cfg                             3
  34.141826630 = 36.659507200   boot/vmlinuz-4.15.0-29-generic                 1
 176.516483307 = 189.533130752  boot/vmlinuz-4.15.0-33-generic                 1
  34.141826630 = 36.659507200   vmlinuz                                        1
 252.139553070 = 270.732783616  boot/initrd.img-4.15.0-29-generic              3
 177.396396637 = 190.477930496  boot/initrd.img-4.15.0-33-generic              4
 252.139553070 = 270.732783616  initrd.img                                     3
 252.139553070 = 270.732783616  initrd.img.old                                 3

=========================== sdc1/boot/grub/grub.cfg: ===========================

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

if loadfont /boot/grub/font.pf2 ; then
	set gfxmode=auto
	insmod efi_gop
	insmod efi_uga
	insmod gfxterm
	terminal_output gfxterm
fi

set menu_color_normal=white/black
set menu_color_highlight=black/light-gray

set timeout=5
menuentry "Try Ubuntu without installing" {
	set gfxpayload=keep
	linux	/casper/vmlinuz  file=/cdrom/preseed/ubuntu.seed boot=casper quiet splash ---
	initrd	/casper/initrd.lz
}
menuentry "Install Ubuntu" {
	set gfxpayload=keep
	linux	/casper/vmlinuz  file=/cdrom/preseed/ubuntu.seed boot=casper only-ubiquity quiet splash ---
	initrd	/casper/initrd.lz
}
menuentry "OEM install (for manufacturers)" {
	set gfxpayload=keep
	linux	/casper/vmlinuz  file=/cdrom/preseed/ubuntu.seed boot=casper only-ubiquity quiet splash oem-config/enable=true ---
	initrd	/casper/initrd.lz
}
menuentry "Check disc for defects" {
	set gfxpayload=keep
	linux	/casper/vmlinuz  boot=casper integrity-check quiet splash ---
	initrd	/casper/initrd.lz
}
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

============================== sdc1/syslinux.cfg: ==============================

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
DEFAULT loadconfig

LABEL loadconfig
  CONFIG /isolinux/isolinux.cfg
  APPEND /isolinux/
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

=================== sdc1: Location of files loaded by Grub: ====================

           GiB - GB             File                                 Fragment(s)

            ?? = ??             boot/grub/grub.cfg                             1

================= sdc1: Location of files loaded by Syslinux: ==================

           GiB - GB             File                                 Fragment(s)

            ?? = ??             syslinux.cfg                                   1
            ?? = ??             ldlinux.sys                                    1

======================== Unknown MBRs/Boot Sectors/etc: ========================

Unknown GPT Partiton Type
8faf5ce780f6ee4cafa3b001e56efc2d


ADDITIONAL INFORMATION :
=================== log of boot-info 20180903_1448 ===================
boot-info version : 4ppa65
boot-sav version : 4ppa65
boot-sav-extra version : 4ppa65
glade2script version : 3.2.3~ppa4
Partition 1 does not start on physical sector boundary.
boot-info is executed in installed-session (Ubuntu 18.04.1 LTS, bionic, Ubuntu, x86_64)
CPU op-mode(s):      32-bit, 64-bit
BOOT_IMAGE=/boot/vmlinuz-4.15.0-33-generic root=UUID=e0e3f453-f24e-4c27-b9fe-17f8b2ea80f9 ro quiet iommu=soft splash vt.handoff=1
Unmount sdc1 from /media/thebishop/UBUNTU 18_0/ to avoid space incompatibilities
NTFS signature is missing.
Failed to mount '/dev/sdb2': Argument invalide
The device '/dev/sdb2' doesn't seem to have a valid NTFS.
Maybe the wrong device is used? Or the whole disk instead of a
partition (e.g. /dev/sda, not /dev/sda1)? Or the other way around?
mount /dev/sdb2 : Error code 12
mount -r /dev/sdb2 /mnt/boot-sav/sdb2
NTFS signature is missing.
Failed to mount '/dev/sdb2': Argument invalide
The device '/dev/sdb2' doesn't seem to have a valid NTFS.
Maybe the wrong device is used? Or the whole disk instead of a
partition (e.g. /dev/sda, not /dev/sda1)? Or the other way around?
mount -r /dev/sdb2 : Error code 12

=================== os-prober:
/dev/sda1:L'OS actuellement utilisé - Ubuntu 18.04.1 LTS CurrentSession:linux
/dev/nvme0n1p2@/EFI/Microsoft/Boot/bootmgfw.efi:Windows Boot Manager:Windows:efi

=================== blkid:
/dev/loop0: TYPE="squashfs"
/dev/loop1: TYPE="squashfs"
/dev/loop2: TYPE="squashfs"
/dev/loop3: TYPE="squashfs"
/dev/loop4: TYPE="squashfs"
/dev/loop5: TYPE="squashfs"
/dev/loop6: TYPE="squashfs"
/dev/loop7: TYPE="squashfs"
/dev/nvme0n1p1: LABEL="RM-CM-)cupM-CM-)ration" UUID="4454B34C54B3400A" TYPE="ntfs" PARTLABEL="Basic data partition" PARTUUID="71d16d45-6aea-494d-99f4-fd2c536b2916"
/dev/nvme0n1p2: UUID="82B4-659D" TYPE="vfat" PARTLABEL="EFI system partition" PARTUUID="32f09a94-ce13-4f4a-a611-6349aec4c606"
/dev/nvme0n1p4: UUID="F698B73A98B6F867" TYPE="ntfs" PARTLABEL="Basic data partition" PARTUUID="f45c3855-208f-4440-961c-ef992e3a20fd"
/dev/sda1: UUID="e0e3f453-f24e-4c27-b9fe-17f8b2ea80f9" TYPE="ext4" PARTUUID="396510ca-73b5-4066-ada2-e56089ba98ea"
/dev/sdc1: LABEL="UBUNTU 18_0" UUID="EC3B-05A3" TYPE="vfat" PARTUUID="00116f70-01"
/dev/loop8: TYPE="squashfs"
/dev/loop9: TYPE="squashfs"
/dev/loop10: TYPE="squashfs"
/dev/loop11: TYPE="squashfs"
/dev/loop12: TYPE="squashfs"
/dev/loop13: TYPE="squashfs"
/dev/sdd1: LABEL="8go" UUID="E999-9466" TYPE="vfat" PARTUUID="1474b54c-01"
/dev/nvme0n1: PTUUID="c30982ff-49dc-4a08-8de3-462e6958ab12" PTTYPE="gpt"
/dev/nvme0n1p3: PARTLABEL="Microsoft reserved partition" PARTUUID="21274bfd-dc41-42e7-b6ba-934996981d6f"
/dev/sdb1: PARTLABEL="Microsoft reserved partition" PARTUUID="6ec723d1-3d3d-11e8-a830-309c238a523d"
/dev/sdb2: PARTLABEL="Pool de stockage" PARTUUID="6ec723d2-3d3d-11e8-a830-309c238a523d"


2 disks with OS, 2 OS : 1 Linux, 0 MacOS, 1 Windows, 0 unknown type OS.

NTFS signature is missing.
Failed to mount '/dev/sdb2': Argument invalide
The device '/dev/sdb2' doesn't seem to have a valid NTFS.
Maybe the wrong device is used? Or the whole disk instead of a
partition (e.g. /dev/sda, not /dev/sda1)? Or the other way around?
mount /dev/sdb2 : Error code 12
mount -r /dev/sdb2 /mnt/boot-sav/sdb2
NTFS signature is missing.
Failed to mount '/dev/sdb2': Argument invalide
The device '/dev/sdb2' doesn't seem to have a valid NTFS.
Maybe the wrong device is used? Or the whole disk instead of a
partition (e.g. /dev/sda, not /dev/sda1)? Or the other way around?
mount -r /dev/sdb2 : Error code 12
Windows not detected by os-prober on nvme0n1p4.
Partition 1 does not start on physical sector boundary.

=================== /etc/grub.d/ :
drwxr-xr-x  5 root root    4096 sept.  2 10:49 grub.d
total 88
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  9783 juil. 17 20:13 00_header
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  6258 juil. 16 17:15 05_debian_theme
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root   706 sept.  2 10:49 10_linux_proxy
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root   165 sept.  2 10:49 40_custom_proxy
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root   706 sept.  2 10:49 41_linux_proxy
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 11298 juil. 17 20:13 42_linux_xen
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  1992 janv. 28  2016 43_memtest86+
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 12059 juil. 17 20:13 44_os-prober
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  1418 juil. 17 20:13 45_uefi-firmware
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root   165 sept.  2 10:49 46_custom_proxy
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root   216 juil. 17 20:13 47_custom
drwxr-xr-x 4 root root  4096 sept.  2 10:49 backup
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root  4096 sept.  2 10:49 bin
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root  4096 sept.  2 10:49 proxifiedScripts
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root   483 juil. 17 20:13 README




=================== /etc/default/grub :

# If you change this file, run 'update-grub' afterwards to update
# /boot/grub/grub.cfg.
# For full documentation of the options in this file, see:
#   info -f grub -n 'Simple configuration'

GRUB_DEFAULT="0"
GRUB_TIMEOUT_STYLE="hidden"
GRUB_TIMEOUT="3"
GRUB_DISTRIBUTOR="`lsb_release -i -s 2> /dev/null || echo Debian`"
GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT="quiet splash"
GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=""

# Uncomment to enable BadRAM filtering, modify to suit your needs
# This works with Linux (no patch required) and with any kernel that obtains
# the memory map information from GRUB (GNU Mach, kernel of FreeBSD ...)
#GRUB_BADRAM="0x01234567,0xfefefefe,0x89abcdef,0xefefefef"

# Uncomment to disable graphical terminal (grub-pc only)
#GRUB_TERMINAL="console"

# The resolution used on graphical terminal
# note that you can use only modes which your graphic card supports via VBE
# you can see them in real GRUB with the command `vbeinfo'
#GRUB_GFXMODE="640x480"

# Uncomment if you don't want GRUB to pass "root=UUID=xxx" parameter to Linux
#GRUB_DISABLE_LINUX_UUID="true"

# Uncomment to disable generation of recovery mode menu entries
#GRUB_DISABLE_RECOVERY="true"

# Uncomment to get a beep at grub start
#GRUB_INIT_TUNE="480 440 1"



/boot/efi detected in the fstab of sda1: UUID=82B4-659D   (nvme0n1p2)
Presence of EFI/Microsoft file detected: /boot/efi/EFI/Microsoft/Boot/bootmgfw.efi
Presence of EFI/Boot file detected: /boot/efi/EFI/Boot/bootx64.efi
Presence of EFI/Boot file detected: /boot/efi/EFI/Boot/fbx64.efi
=================== No kernel in /mnt/boot-sav/sdc1/boot:
grub


/usr/share/boot-sav/bs-cmd_terminal.sh: ligne 179: avertissement : command substitution: ignored null byte in input

=================== efibootmgr -v
BootCurrent: 0001
Timeout: 1 seconds
BootOrder: 0000,0001,0005,0009,0006,0008,0007
Boot0000* Windows Boot Manager	HD(2,GPT,32f09a94-ce13-4f4a-a611-6349aec4c606,0xfa000,0x31800)/File(EFIMICROSOFTBOOTBOOTMGFW.EFI)WINDOWS.........x...B.C.D.O.B.J.E.C.T.=.{.9.d.e.a.8.6.2.c.-.5.c.d.d.-.4.e.7.0.-.a.c.c.1.-.f.3.2.b.3.4.4.d.4.7.9.5.}...r................
Boot0001* ubuntu	HD(2,GPT,32f09a94-ce13-4f4a-a611-6349aec4c606,0xfa000,0x31800)/File(EFIUBUNTUSHIMX64.EFI)
Boot0005* UEFI:  USB Flash Memory1.00, Partition 1	PciRoot(0x0)/Pci(0x7,0x1)/Pci(0x0,0x3)/USB(1,0)/USB(0,0)/HD(1,MBR,0x116f70,0x800,0x3ba7c0)..BO
Boot0006* Hard Drive	BBS(HD,,0x0)/VenHw(5ce8128b-2cec-40f0-8372-80640e3dc858,0200)..GO..NO..........I.N.T.E.L. .S.S.D.P.E.K.K.W.1.2.8.G.8....................,.@.r.d.=.X..........A.......................................6..Gd-.;.A..MQ..L.B.T.H.H.8.1.9.5.1.J.S.8.1.2.8.A........BO..NO..........W.D.C. .W.D.5.0.0.0.L.P.C.X.-.0.0.V.H.A.T.0....................,.@.r.d.=.X..........A.................................>..Gd-.;.A..MQ..L. . . . .W. .-.D.X.W.1.R.A.E.5.7.U.5.1.H........BO..NO..........W.D.C. .W.D.1.0.E.Z.E.X.-.0.8.W.N.4.A.0....................,.@.r.d.=.X..........A.................................>..Gd-.;.A..MQ..L. . . . .W. .-.D.C.W.6.C.7.Y.C.C.9.0.R.V........BO
Boot0007* CD/DVD Drive	BBS(CDROM,,0x0)/VenHw(5ce8128b-2cec-40f0-8372-80640e3dc858,0300)..GO..NO..........A.T.A.P.I. . . .i.H.A.S.1.2.4. . . .F....................,.@.r.d.=.X..........A.................................>..Gd-.;.A..MQ..L.5.3.4.2.2.7. .8.N.2.7.8.7.2.1.5.7.0.9.0........BO
Boot0008* USB KEY	BBS(HD,,0x0)/VenHw(5ce8128b-2cec-40f0-8372-80640e3dc858,0b00)..GO..NO.......... .U.S.B. .F.l.a.s.h. .M.e.m.o.r.y.1...0.0....................,.@.r.d.=.X..........A...................................F..Gd-.;.A..MQ..L.0.0.1.4.7.8.0.8.E.4.8.5.C.9.4.1.C.3.7.7.0.7.C.F........BO..NO..........K.i.n.g.s.t.o.n.D.a.t.a.T.r.a.v.e.l.e.r. .2...0.0.0.0.0....................,.@.r.d.=.X..........A...................................F..Gd-.;.A..MQ..L.1.C.6.F.6.5.4.E.5.9.3.4.1.F.6.1.8.9.3.6.0.5.B.0........BO
Boot0009* UEFI: KingstonDataTraveler 2.00000, Partition 1	PciRoot(0x0)/Pci(0x7,0x1)/Pci(0x0,0x3)/USB(1,0)/USB(1,0)/HD(1,MBR,0x1474b54c,0x40,0xe73000)..BO

=================== UEFI/Legacy mode:
BIOS is EFI-compatible, and is setup in EFI-mode for this installed-session.
SecureBoot disabled. (maybe sec-boot, Veuillez indiquer ce message à boot.repair@gmail.com)


=================== PARTITIONS & DISKS:
sda1	: sda,	not-sepboot,	grubenv-ok	grub2,	signed grub-pc grub-efi ,	update-grub,	64,	with-boot,	is-os,	not--efi--part,	fstab-without-boot,	fstab-has-goodEFI,	no-nt,	no-winload,	no-recov-nor-hid,	no-bmgr,	notwinboot,	apt-get,	grub-install,	with--usr,	fstab-without-usr,	not-sep-usr,	customized,	farbios,	notbiosboot, .
nvme0n1p1	: nvme0n1,	not-sepboot,	no-grubenv	nogrub,	no-docgrub,	no-update-grub,	32,	no-boot,	no-os,	not--efi--part,	part-has-no-fstab,	part-has-no-fstab,	no-nt,	no-winload,	recovery-or-hidden,	no-bmgr,	notwinboot,	nopakmgr,	nogrubinstall,	no---usr,	part-has-no-fstab,	not-sep-usr,	standard,	not-far,	notbiosboot, /mnt/boot-sav/nvme0n1p1.
nvme0n1p2	: nvme0n1,	not-sepboot,	no-grubenv	nogrub,	no-docgrub,	no-update-grub,	32,	no-boot,	is-os,	is-correct-EFI,	part-has-no-fstab,	part-has-no-fstab,	no-nt,	no-winload,	no-recov-nor-hid,	no-bmgr,	notwinboot,	nopakmgr,	nogrubinstall,	no---usr,	part-has-no-fstab,	not-sep-usr,	standard,	not-far,	notbiosboot, /boot/efi.
nvme0n1p4	: nvme0n1,	not-sepboot,	no-grubenv	nogrub,	no-docgrub,	no-update-grub,	32,	no-boot,	is-os,	not--efi--part,	part-has-no-fstab,	part-has-no-fstab,	no-nt,	haswinload,	no-recov-nor-hid,	no-bmgr,	notwinboot,	nopakmgr,	nogrubinstall,	no---usr,	part-has-no-fstab,	not-sep-usr,	standard,	farbios,	notbiosboot, /mnt/boot-sav/nvme0n1p4.
sdc1	: sdc,	not-sepboot,	no-grubenv	nogrub,	no-docgrub,	no-update-grub,	32,	no-kernel,	no-os,	is-correct-EFI,	part-has-no-fstab,	part-has-no-fstab,	no-nt,	no-winload,	no-recov-nor-hid,	no-bmgr,	notwinboot,	nopakmgr,	nogrubinstall,	no---usr,	part-has-no-fstab,	not-sep-usr,	standard,	not-far,	notbiosboot, /mnt/boot-sav/sdc1.
sdd1	: sdd,	not-sepboot,	no-grubenv	nogrub,	no-docgrub,	no-update-grub,	32,	no-boot,	no-os,	is-correct-EFI,	part-has-no-fstab,	part-has-no-fstab,	no-nt,	no-winload,	no-recov-nor-hid,	no-bmgr,	notwinboot,	nopakmgr,	nogrubinstall,	no---usr,	part-has-no-fstab,	not-sep-usr,	standard,	not-far,	notbiosboot, /media/thebishop/8go.
sdb2	: sdb,	maybesepboot,	no-grubenv	nogrub,	no-docgrub,	no-update-grub,	32,	no-boot,	no-os,	not--efi--part,	part-has-no-fstab,	part-has-no-fstab,	no-nt,	no-winload,	no-recov-nor-hid,	no-bmgr,	notwinboot,	nopakmgr,	nogrubinstall,	no---usr,	part-has-no-fstab,	not-sep-usr,	standard,	farbios,	notbiosboot, /mnt/boot-sav/sdb2.

sda	: GPT,	no-BIOS_boot,	has-no-EFIpart, 	not-usb,	not-mmc, has-os,	2048 sectors * 512 bytes
nvme0n1	: GPT,	no-BIOS_boot,	has-correctEFI, 	not-usb,	not-mmc, has-os,	2048 sectors * 512 bytes
sdc	: not-GPT,	BIOSboot-not-needed,	has-correctEFI, 	liveusb,	livemmc, no-os,	2048 sectors * 512 bytes
sdd	: not-GPT,	BIOSboot-not-needed,	has-correctEFI, 	usb-disk,	not-mmc, no-os,	64 sectors * 512 bytes
sdb	: GPT,	no-BIOS_boot,	has-no-EFIpart, 	not-usb,	not-mmc, no-os,	34 sectors * 512 bytes


=================== parted -lm:

BYT;
/dev/sda:500GB:scsi:512:4096:gpt:ATA WDC WD5000LPCX-0:;
1:1049kB:500GB:500GB:ext4::;

BYT;
/dev/sdb:1000GB:scsi:512:4096:gpt:ATA WDC WD10EZEX-08W:;
1:17.4kB:16.8MB:16.8MB::Microsoft reserved partition:msftres;
2:16.8MB:1000GB:1000GB::Pool de stockage:;

BYT;
/dev/sdc:2003MB:scsi:512:512:msdos: USB Flash Memory:;
1:1049kB:2003MB:2002MB:fat32::boot, lba;

BYT;
/dev/sdd:7757MB:scsi:512:512:msdos:Kingston DataTraveler 2.0:;
1:32.8kB:7757MB:7757MB:fat32::boot, lba;

BYT;
/dev/nvme0n1:128GB:nvme:512:512:gpt:NVMe Device:;
1:1049kB:524MB:523MB:ntfs:Basic data partition:hidden, diag;
2:524MB:628MB:104MB:fat32:EFI system partition:boot, esp;
3:628MB:645MB:16.8MB::Microsoft reserved partition:msftres;
4:645MB:128GB:127GB:ntfs:Basic data partition:msftdata;

=================== lsblk:
KNAME     TYPE FSTYPE     SIZE LABEL
loop0     loop squashfs   2,3M
loop1     loop squashfs    13M
loop2     loop squashfs 140,9M
loop3     loop squashfs   2,3M
loop4     loop squashfs    13M
loop5     loop squashfs   114M
loop6     loop squashfs   198M
loop7     loop squashfs  86,9M
loop8     loop squashfs   3,7M
loop9     loop squashfs  14,5M
loop10    loop squashfs   3,7M
loop11    loop squashfs  87,9M
loop12    loop squashfs  34,7M
loop13    loop squashfs  14,5M
sda       disk          465,8G
sda1      part ext4     465,8G
sdb       disk          931,5G
sdb1      part             16M
sdb2      part          931,5G
sdc       disk            1,9G
sdc1      part vfat       1,9G UBUNTU 18_0
sdd       disk            7,2G
sdd1      part vfat       7,2G 8go
sr0       rom            1024M
nvme0n1   disk          119,2G
nvme0n1p1 part ntfs       499M Récupération
nvme0n1p2 part vfat        99M
nvme0n1p3 part             16M
nvme0n1p4 part ntfs     118,7G

KNAME     ROTA RO RM STATE   MOUNTPOINT
loop0        1  1  0         /snap/gnome-calculator/199
loop1        1  1  0         /snap/gnome-characters/103
loop2        1  1  0         /snap/gnome-3-26-1604/70
loop3        1  1  0         /snap/gnome-calculator/180
loop4        1  1  0         /snap/gnome-characters/117
loop5        1  1  0         /snap/termius-app/16
loop6        1  1  0         /snap/vlc/365
loop7        1  1  0         /snap/core/4917
loop8        1  1  0         /snap/gnome-system-monitor/51
loop9        1  1  0         /snap/gnome-logs/40
loop10       1  1  0         /snap/gnome-system-monitor/54
loop11       1  1  0         /snap/core/5328
loop12       1  1  0         /snap/gtk-common-themes/319
loop13       1  1  0         /snap/gnome-logs/37
sda          1  0  0 running
sda1         1  0  0         /
sdb          1  0  0 running
sdb1         1  0  0
sdb2         1  0  0
sdc          1  0  1 running
sdc1         1  0  1         /mnt/boot-sav/sdc1
sdd          1  0  1 running
sdd1         1  0  1         /media/thebishop/8go
sr0          1  0  1 running
nvme0n1      0  0  0 live
nvme0n1p1    0  0  0         /mnt/boot-sav/nvme0n1p1
nvme0n1p2    0  0  0         /boot/efi
nvme0n1p3    0  0  0
nvme0n1p4    0  0  0         /mnt/boot-sav/nvme0n1p4


=================== mount:
sysfs on /sys type sysfs (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime)
proc on /proc type proc (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime)
udev on /dev type devtmpfs (rw,nosuid,relatime,size=4026948k,nr_inodes=1006737,mode=755)
devpts on /dev/pts type devpts (rw,nosuid,noexec,relatime,gid=5,mode=620,ptmxmode=000)
tmpfs on /run type tmpfs (rw,nosuid,noexec,relatime,size=811440k,mode=755)
/dev/sda1 on / type ext4 (rw,relatime,errors=remount-ro,data=ordered)
securityfs on /sys/kernel/security type securityfs (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime)
tmpfs on /dev/shm type tmpfs (rw,nosuid,nodev)
tmpfs on /run/lock type tmpfs (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,size=5120k)
tmpfs on /sys/fs/cgroup type tmpfs (ro,nosuid,nodev,noexec,mode=755)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/unified type cgroup2 (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,nsdelegate)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/systemd type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,xattr,name=systemd)
pstore on /sys/fs/pstore type pstore (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime)
efivarfs on /sys/firmware/efi/efivars type efivarfs (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/cpu,cpuacct type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,cpu,cpuacct)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/net_cls,net_prio type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,net_cls,net_prio)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/freezer type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,freezer)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/pids type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,pids)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/perf_event type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,perf_event)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/memory type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,memory)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/devices type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,devices)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/cpuset type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,cpuset)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/hugetlb type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,hugetlb)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/rdma type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,rdma)
cgroup on /sys/fs/cgroup/blkio type cgroup (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,blkio)
systemd-1 on /proc/sys/fs/binfmt_misc type autofs (rw,relatime,fd=35,pgrp=1,timeout=0,minproto=5,maxproto=5,direct,pipe_ino=16976)
mqueue on /dev/mqueue type mqueue (rw,relatime)
hugetlbfs on /dev/hugepages type hugetlbfs (rw,relatime,pagesize=2M)
debugfs on /sys/kernel/debug type debugfs (rw,relatime)
fusectl on /sys/fs/fuse/connections type fusectl (rw,relatime)
configfs on /sys/kernel/config type configfs (rw,relatime)
/var/lib/snapd/snaps/gnome-characters_103.snap on /snap/gnome-characters/103 type squashfs (ro,nodev,relatime,x-gdu.hide)
/var/lib/snapd/snaps/gnome-calculator_199.snap on /snap/gnome-calculator/199 type squashfs (ro,nodev,relatime,x-gdu.hide)
/var/lib/snapd/snaps/gnome-characters_117.snap on /snap/gnome-characters/117 type squashfs (ro,nodev,relatime,x-gdu.hide)
/var/lib/snapd/snaps/gnome-logs_40.snap on /snap/gnome-logs/40 type squashfs (ro,nodev,relatime,x-gdu.hide)
/var/lib/snapd/snaps/gnome-3-26-1604_70.snap on /snap/gnome-3-26-1604/70 type squashfs (ro,nodev,relatime,x-gdu.hide)
/var/lib/snapd/snaps/gnome-calculator_180.snap on /snap/gnome-calculator/180 type squashfs (ro,nodev,relatime,x-gdu.hide)
/var/lib/snapd/snaps/gnome-system-monitor_51.snap on /snap/gnome-system-monitor/51 type squashfs (ro,nodev,relatime,x-gdu.hide)
/var/lib/snapd/snaps/core_4917.snap on /snap/core/4917 type squashfs (ro,nodev,relatime,x-gdu.hide)
/var/lib/snapd/snaps/gnome-system-monitor_54.snap on /snap/gnome-system-monitor/54 type squashfs (ro,nodev,relatime,x-gdu.hide)
/var/lib/snapd/snaps/gtk-common-themes_319.snap on /snap/gtk-common-themes/319 type squashfs (ro,nodev,relatime,x-gdu.hide)
/var/lib/snapd/snaps/gnome-logs_37.snap on /snap/gnome-logs/37 type squashfs (ro,nodev,relatime,x-gdu.hide)
/var/lib/snapd/snaps/core_5328.snap on /snap/core/5328 type squashfs (ro,nodev,relatime,x-gdu.hide)
/var/lib/snapd/snaps/termius-app_16.snap on /snap/termius-app/16 type squashfs (ro,nodev,relatime,x-gdu.hide)
/var/lib/snapd/snaps/vlc_365.snap on /snap/vlc/365 type squashfs (ro,nodev,relatime,x-gdu.hide)
/dev/nvme0n1p2 on /boot/efi type vfat (rw,relatime,fmask=0077,dmask=0077,codepage=437,iocharset=iso8859-1,shortname=mixed,errors=remount-ro)
tmpfs on /run/user/1000 type tmpfs (rw,nosuid,nodev,relatime,size=811440k,mode=700,uid=1000,gid=1000)
gvfsd-fuse on /run/user/1000/gvfs type fuse.gvfsd-fuse (rw,nosuid,nodev,relatime,user_id=1000,group_id=1000)
/dev/sdd1 on /media/thebishop/8go type vfat (rw,nosuid,nodev,relatime,uid=1000,gid=1000,fmask=0022,dmask=0022,codepage=437,iocharset=iso8859-1,shortname=mixed,showexec,utf8,flush,errors=remount-ro,uhelper=udisks2)
/dev/nvme0n1p1 on /mnt/boot-sav/nvme0n1p1 type fuseblk (rw,relatime,user_id=0,group_id=0,allow_other,blksize=4096)
/dev/nvme0n1p4 on /mnt/boot-sav/nvme0n1p4 type fuseblk (rw,relatime,user_id=0,group_id=0,allow_other,blksize=4096)
/dev/sdc1 on /mnt/boot-sav/sdc1 type vfat (rw,relatime,fmask=0022,dmask=0022,codepage=437,iocharset=iso8859-1,shortname=mixed,errors=remount-ro)


=================== ls:
/sys/block/nvme0n1 (filtered):  alignment_offset bdi capability dev device discard_alignment ext_range hidden holders inflight integrity mq nguid nsid nvme0n1p1 nvme0n1p2 nvme0n1p3 nvme0n1p4 power queue range removable ro size slaves stat subsystem trace uevent uuid wwid
/sys/block/sda (filtered):  alignment_offset bdi capability dev device discard_alignment events events_async events_poll_msecs ext_range hidden holders inflight integrity power queue range removable ro sda1 size slaves stat subsystem trace uevent
/sys/block/sdb (filtered):  alignment_offset bdi capability dev device discard_alignment events events_async events_poll_msecs ext_range hidden holders inflight integrity power queue range removable ro sdb1 sdb2 size slaves stat subsystem trace uevent
/sys/block/sdc (filtered):  alignment_offset bdi capability dev device discard_alignment events events_async events_poll_msecs ext_range hidden holders inflight integrity power queue range removable ro sdc1 size slaves stat subsystem trace uevent
/sys/block/sdd (filtered):  alignment_offset bdi capability dev device discard_alignment events events_async events_poll_msecs ext_range hidden holders inflight integrity power queue range removable ro sdd1 size slaves stat subsystem trace uevent
/sys/block/sr0 (filtered):  alignment_offset bdi capability dev device discard_alignment events events_async events_poll_msecs ext_range hidden holders inflight integrity power queue range removable ro size slaves stat subsystem trace uevent
/dev (filtered):  autofs block bsg btrfs-control bus cdrom cdrw char console core cpu cpu_dma_latency cuse disk dri drm_dp_aux0 drm_dp_aux1 dvd dvdrw ecryptfs fb0 fd full fuse gpiochip0 gpiochip1 hidraw0 hidraw1 hidraw2 hidraw3 hpet hugepages hwrng i2c-0 i2c-1 i2c-10 i2c-2 i2c-3 i2c-4 i2c-5 i2c-6 i2c-7 i2c-8 i2c-9 initctl input kfd kmsg kvm lightnvm log lp0 mapper mcelog mem memory_bandwidth mqueue net network_latency network_throughput null nvme0 nvme0n1 nvme0n1p1 nvme0n1p2 nvme0n1p3 nvme0n1p4 parport0 port ppp psaux ptmx pts random rfkill rtc rtc0 sda sda1 sdb sdb1 sdb2 sdc sdc1 sdd sdd1 sg0 sg1 sg2 sg3 sg4 shm snapshot snd sr0 stderr stdin stdout uhid uinput urandom usb userio vfio vga_arbiter vhci vhost-net vhost-vsock zero
ls /dev/mapper:  control

=================== hexdump -n512 -C /dev/nvme0n1p1
00000000  eb 52 90 4e 54 46 53 20  20 20 20 00 02 08 00 00  |.R.NTFS    .....|
00000010  00 00 00 00 00 f8 00 00  3f 00 ff 00 00 08 00 00  |........?.......|
00000020  00 00 00 00 80 00 80 00  ff 97 0f 00 00 00 00 00  |................|
00000030  55 a6 00 00 00 00 00 00  02 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |U...............|
00000040  f6 00 00 00 01 00 00 00  0a 40 b3 54 4c b3 54 44  |.........@.TL.TD|
00000050  00 00 00 00 fa 33 c0 8e  d0 bc 00 7c fb 68 c0 07  |.....3.....|.h..|
00000060  1f 1e 68 66 00 cb 88 16  0e 00 66 81 3e 03 00 4e  |..hf......f.>..N|
00000070  54 46 53 75 15 b4 41 bb  aa 55 cd 13 72 0c 81 fb  |TFSu..A..U..r...|
00000080  55 aa 75 06 f7 c1 01 00  75 03 e9 dd 00 1e 83 ec  |U.u.....u.......|
00000090  18 68 1a 00 b4 48 8a 16  0e 00 8b f4 16 1f cd 13  |.h...H..........|
000000a0  9f 83 c4 18 9e 58 1f 72  e1 3b 06 0b 00 75 db a3  |.....X.r.;...u..|
000000b0  0f 00 c1 2e 0f 00 04 1e  5a 33 db b9 00 20 2b c8  |........Z3... +.|
000000c0  66 ff 06 11 00 03 16 0f  00 8e c2 ff 06 16 00 e8  |f...............|
000000d0  4b 00 2b c8 77 ef b8 00  bb cd 1a 66 23 c0 75 2d  |K.+.w......f#.u-|
000000e0  66 81 fb 54 43 50 41 75  24 81 f9 02 01 72 1e 16  |f..TCPAu$....r..|
000000f0  68 07 bb 16 68 52 11 16  68 09 00 66 53 66 53 66  |h...hR..h..fSfSf|
00000100  55 16 16 16 68 b8 01 66  61 0e 07 cd 1a 33 c0 bf  |U...h..fa....3..|
00000110  0a 13 b9 f6 0c fc f3 aa  e9 fe 01 90 90 66 60 1e  |.............f`.|
00000120  06 66 a1 11 00 66 03 06  1c 00 1e 66 68 00 00 00  |.f...f.....fh...|
00000130  00 66 50 06 53 68 01 00  68 10 00 b4 42 8a 16 0e  |.fP.Sh..h...B...|
00000140  00 16 1f 8b f4 cd 13 66  59 5b 5a 66 59 66 59 1f  |.......fY[ZfYfY.|
00000150  0f 82 16 00 66 ff 06 11  00 03 16 0f 00 8e c2 ff  |....f...........|
00000160  0e 16 00 75 bc 07 1f 66  61 c3 a1 f6 01 e8 09 00  |...u...fa.......|
00000170  a1 fa 01 e8 03 00 f4 eb  fd 8b f0 ac 3c 00 74 09  |............<.t.|
00000180  b4 0e bb 07 00 cd 10 eb  f2 c3 0d 0a 45 72 72 65  |............Erre|
00000190  75 72 20 6c 65 63 74 75  72 65 20 64 69 73 71 75  |ur lecture disqu|
000001a0  65 00 0d 0a 42 4f 4f 54  4d 47 52 20 63 6f 6d 70  |e...BOOTMGR comp|
000001b0  72 65 73 73 82 00 0d 0a  43 74 72 6c 2b 41 6c 74  |ress....Ctrl+Alt|
000001c0  2b 53 75 70 70 72 20 70  6f 75 72 20 72 65 64 82  |+Suppr pour red.|
000001d0  6d 61 72 72 65 72 0d 0a  00 73 74 61 72 74 0d 0a  |marrer...start..|
000001e0  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |................|
000001f0  00 00 00 00 00 00 8a 01  a2 01 b6 01 00 00 55 aa  |..............U.|
00000200

=================== hexdump -n512 -C /dev/nvme0n1p2
00000000  eb 58 90 4d 53 44 4f 53  35 2e 30 00 02 02 0e 1a  |.X.MSDOS5.0.....|
00000010  02 00 00 00 00 f8 00 00  3f 00 ff 00 00 a0 0f 00  |........?.......|
00000020  00 18 03 00 f9 02 00 00  00 00 00 00 02 00 00 00  |................|
00000030  01 00 06 00 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |................|
00000040  80 01 29 9d 65 b4 82 4e  4f 20 4e 41 4d 45 20 20  |..).e..NO NAME  |
00000050  20 20 46 41 54 33 32 20  20 20 33 c9 8e d1 bc f4  |  FAT32   3.....|
00000060  7b 8e c1 8e d9 bd 00 7c  88 56 40 88 4e 02 8a 56  |{......|.V@.N..V|
00000070  40 b4 41 bb aa 55 cd 13  72 10 81 fb 55 aa 75 0a  |@.A..U..r...U.u.|
00000080  f6 c1 01 74 05 fe 46 02  eb 2d 8a 56 40 b4 08 cd  |...t..F..-.V@...|
00000090  13 73 05 b9 ff ff 8a f1  66 0f b6 c6 40 66 0f b6  |.s......f...@f..|
000000a0  d1 80 e2 3f f7 e2 86 cd  c0 ed 06 41 66 0f b7 c9  |...?.......Af...|
000000b0  66 f7 e1 66 89 46 f8 83  7e 16 00 75 39 83 7e 2a  |f..f.F..~..u9.~*|
000000c0  00 77 33 66 8b 46 1c 66  83 c0 0c bb 00 80 b9 01  |.w3f.F.f........|
000000d0  00 e8 2c 00 e9 a8 03 a1  f8 7d 80 c4 7c 8b f0 ac  |..,......}..|...|
000000e0  84 c0 74 17 3c ff 74 09  b4 0e bb 07 00 cd 10 eb  |..t.<.t.........|
000000f0  ee a1 fa 7d eb e4 a1 7d  80 eb df 98 cd 16 cd 19  |...}...}........|
00000100  66 60 80 7e 02 00 0f 84  20 00 66 6a 00 66 50 06  |f`.~.... .fj.fP.|
00000110  53 66 68 10 00 01 00 b4  42 8a 56 40 8b f4 cd 13  |Sfh.....B.V@....|
00000120  66 58 66 58 66 58 66 58  eb 33 66 3b 46 f8 72 03  |fXfXfXfX.3f;F.r.|
00000130  f9 eb 2a 66 33 d2 66 0f  b7 4e 18 66 f7 f1 fe c2  |..*f3.f..N.f....|
00000140  8a ca 66 8b d0 66 c1 ea  10 f7 76 1a 86 d6 8a 56  |..f..f....v....V|
00000150  40 8a e8 c0 e4 06 0a cc  b8 01 02 cd 13 66 61 0f  |@............fa.|
00000160  82 74 ff 81 c3 00 02 66  40 49 75 94 c3 42 4f 4f  |.t.....f@Iu..BOO|
00000170  54 4d 47 52 20 20 20 20  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |TMGR    ........|
00000180  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |................|
*
000001a0  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 0d 0a 45 72  |..............Er|
000001b0  72 2e 20 64 69 73 71 75  65 ff 0d 0a 50 72 65 73  |r. disque...Pres|
000001c0  73 65 7a 20 75 6e 65 20  74 6f 75 63 68 65 20 70  |sez une touche p|
000001d0  6f 75 72 20 72 65 64 82  6d 61 72 72 65 72 0d 0a  |our red.marrer..|
000001e0  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |................|
000001f0  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  ac 01 ba 01 00 00 55 aa  |..............U.|
00000200

=================== hexdump -n512 -C /dev/nvme0n1p4
00000000  eb 52 90 4e 54 46 53 20  20 20 20 00 02 08 00 00  |.R.NTFS    .....|
00000010  00 00 00 00 00 f8 00 00  3f 00 ff 00 00 38 13 00  |........?....8..|
00000020  00 00 00 00 80 00 80 00  ff 87 d4 0e 00 00 00 00  |................|
00000030  00 00 0c 00 00 00 00 00  02 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |................|
00000040  f6 00 00 00 01 00 00 00  67 f8 b6 98 3a b7 98 f6  |........g...:...|
00000050  00 00 00 00 fa 33 c0 8e  d0 bc 00 7c fb 68 c0 07  |.....3.....|.h..|
00000060  1f 1e 68 66 00 cb 88 16  0e 00 66 81 3e 03 00 4e  |..hf......f.>..N|
00000070  54 46 53 75 15 b4 41 bb  aa 55 cd 13 72 0c 81 fb  |TFSu..A..U..r...|
00000080  55 aa 75 06 f7 c1 01 00  75 03 e9 dd 00 1e 83 ec  |U.u.....u.......|
00000090  18 68 1a 00 b4 48 8a 16  0e 00 8b f4 16 1f cd 13  |.h...H..........|
000000a0  9f 83 c4 18 9e 58 1f 72  e1 3b 06 0b 00 75 db a3  |.....X.r.;...u..|
000000b0  0f 00 c1 2e 0f 00 04 1e  5a 33 db b9 00 20 2b c8  |........Z3... +.|
000000c0  66 ff 06 11 00 03 16 0f  00 8e c2 ff 06 16 00 e8  |f...............|
000000d0  4b 00 2b c8 77 ef b8 00  bb cd 1a 66 23 c0 75 2d  |K.+.w......f#.u-|
000000e0  66 81 fb 54 43 50 41 75  24 81 f9 02 01 72 1e 16  |f..TCPAu$....r..|
000000f0  68 07 bb 16 68 52 11 16  68 09 00 66 53 66 53 66  |h...hR..h..fSfSf|
00000100  55 16 16 16 68 b8 01 66  61 0e 07 cd 1a 33 c0 bf  |U...h..fa....3..|
00000110  0a 13 b9 f6 0c fc f3 aa  e9 fe 01 90 90 66 60 1e  |.............f`.|
00000120  06 66 a1 11 00 66 03 06  1c 00 1e 66 68 00 00 00  |.f...f.....fh...|
00000130  00 66 50 06 53 68 01 00  68 10 00 b4 42 8a 16 0e  |.fP.Sh..h...B...|
00000140  00 16 1f 8b f4 cd 13 66  59 5b 5a 66 59 66 59 1f  |.......fY[ZfYfY.|
00000150  0f 82 16 00 66 ff 06 11  00 03 16 0f 00 8e c2 ff  |....f...........|
00000160  0e 16 00 75 bc 07 1f 66  61 c3 a1 f6 01 e8 09 00  |...u...fa.......|
00000170  a1 fa 01 e8 03 00 f4 eb  fd 8b f0 ac 3c 00 74 09  |............<.t.|
00000180  b4 0e bb 07 00 cd 10 eb  f2 c3 0d 0a 45 72 72 65  |............Erre|
00000190  75 72 20 6c 65 63 74 75  72 65 20 64 69 73 71 75  |ur lecture disqu|
000001a0  65 00 0d 0a 42 4f 4f 54  4d 47 52 20 63 6f 6d 70  |e...BOOTMGR comp|
000001b0  72 65 73 73 82 00 0d 0a  43 74 72 6c 2b 41 6c 74  |ress....Ctrl+Alt|
000001c0  2b 53 75 70 70 72 20 70  6f 75 72 20 72 65 64 82  |+Suppr pour red.|
000001d0  6d 61 72 72 65 72 0d 0a  00 73 74 61 72 74 0d 0a  |marrer...start..|
000001e0  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |................|
000001f0  00 00 00 00 00 00 8a 01  a2 01 b6 01 00 00 55 aa  |..............U.|
00000200
efi files in sdc1/efi: /BOOT/grubx64.efi

=================== hexdump -n512 -C /dev/sdc1
00000000  eb 58 90 53 59 53 4c 49  4e 55 58 00 02 08 3c 02  |.X.SYSLINUX...<.|
00000010  02 00 00 00 00 f8 00 00  3f 00 ff 00 00 08 00 00  |........?.......|
00000020  c0 a7 3b 00 e2 0e 00 00  00 00 00 00 02 00 00 00  |..;.............|
00000030  01 00 06 00 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |................|
00000040  80 01 29 a3 05 3b ec 4e  4f 20 4e 41 4d 45 20 20  |..)..;.NO NAME  |
00000050  20 20 46 41 54 33 32 20  20 20 fa fc 31 c9 8e d1  |  FAT32   ..1...|
00000060  bc 76 7b 52 06 57 1e 56  8e c1 b1 26 bf 78 7b f3  |.v{R.W.V...&.x{.|
00000070  a5 8e d9 bb 78 00 0f b4  37 0f a0 56 20 d2 78 1b  |....x...7..V .x.|
00000080  31 c0 b1 06 89 3f 89 47  02 f3 64 a5 8a 0e 18 7c  |1....?.G..d....||
00000090  88 4d f8 50 50 50 50 cd  13 eb 62 8b 55 aa 8b 75  |.M.PPPP...b.U..u|
000000a0  a8 c1 ee 04 01 f2 83 fa  4f 76 31 81 fa b2 07 73  |........Ov1....s|
000000b0  2b f6 45 b4 7f 75 25 38  4d b8 74 20 66 3d 21 47  |+.E..u%8M.t f=!G|
000000c0  50 54 75 10 80 7d b8 ed  75 0a 66 ff 75 ec 66 ff  |PTu..}..u.f.u.f.|
000000d0  75 e8 eb 0f 51 51 66 ff  75 bc eb 07 51 51 66 ff  |u...QQf.u...QQf.|
000000e0  36 1c 7c b4 08 e8 e9 00  72 13 20 e4 75 0f c1 ea  |6.|.....r. .u...|
000000f0  08 42 89 16 1a 7c 83 e1  3f 89 0e 18 7c fb bb aa  |.B...|..?...|...|
00000100  55 b4 41 e8 cb 00 72 10  81 fb 55 aa 75 0a f6 c1  |U.A...r...U.u...|
00000110  01 74 05 c6 06 46 7d 00  66 b8 18 20 00 00 66 ba  |.t...F}.f.. ..f.|
00000120  00 00 00 00 bb 00 80 e8  0e 00 66 81 3e 1c 80 8e  |..........f.>...|
00000130  c1 80 6a 75 74 e9 f8 02  66 03 06 60 7b 66 13 16  |..jut...f..`{f..|
00000140  64 7b b9 10 00 eb 2b 66  52 66 50 06 53 6a 01 6a  |d{....+fRfP.Sj.j|
00000150  10 89 e6 66 60 b4 42 e8  77 00 66 61 8d 64 10 72  |...f`.B.w.fa.d.r|
00000160  01 c3 66 60 31 c0 e8 68  00 66 61 e2 da c6 06 46  |..f`1..h.fa....F|
00000170  7d 2b 66 60 66 0f b7 36  18 7c 66 0f b7 3e 1a 7c  |}+f`f..6.|f..>.||
00000180  66 f7 f6 31 c9 87 ca 66  f7 f7 66 3d ff 03 00 00  |f..1...f..f=....|
00000190  77 17 c0 e4 06 41 08 e1  88 c5 88 d6 b8 01 02 e8  |w....A..........|
000001a0  2f 00 66 61 72 01 c3 e2  c9 31 f6 8e d6 bc 68 7b  |/.far....1....h{|
000001b0  8e de 66 8f 06 78 00 be  da 7d ac 20 c0 74 09 b4  |..f..x...}. .t..|
000001c0  0e bb 07 00 cd 10 eb f2  31 c0 cd 16 cd 19 f4 eb  |........1.......|
000001d0  fd 8a 16 74 7b 06 cd 13  07 c3 42 6f 6f 74 20 65  |...t{.....Boot e|
000001e0  72 72 6f 72 0d 0a 00 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |rror............|
000001f0  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  fe 02 b2 3e 18 37 55 aa  |...........>.7U.|
00000200

=================== hexdump -n512 -C /dev/sdd1
00000000  eb 58 90 6d 6b 66 73 2e  66 61 74 00 02 08 20 00  |.X.mkfs.fat... .|
00000010  02 00 00 00 00 f8 00 00  3e 00 ef 00 40 00 00 00  |........>...@...|
00000020  00 30 e7 00 b0 39 00 00  00 00 00 00 02 00 00 00  |.0...9..........|
00000030  01 00 06 00 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |................|
00000040  80 01 29 66 94 99 e9 38  67 6f 20 20 20 20 20 20  |..)f...8go      |
00000050  20 20 46 41 54 33 32 20  20 20 0e 1f be 77 7c ac  |  FAT32   ...w|.|
00000060  22 c0 74 0b 56 b4 0e bb  07 00 cd 10 5e eb f0 32  |".t.V.......^..2|
00000070  e4 cd 16 cd 19 eb fe 54  68 69 73 20 69 73 20 6e  |.......This is n|
00000080  6f 74 20 61 20 62 6f 6f  74 61 62 6c 65 20 64 69  |ot a bootable di|
00000090  73 6b 2e 20 20 50 6c 65  61 73 65 20 69 6e 73 65  |sk.  Please inse|
000000a0  72 74 20 61 20 62 6f 6f  74 61 62 6c 65 20 66 6c  |rt a bootable fl|
000000b0  6f 70 70 79 20 61 6e 64  0d 0a 70 72 65 73 73 20  |oppy and..press |
000000c0  61 6e 79 20 6b 65 79 20  74 6f 20 74 72 79 20 61  |any key to try a|
000000d0  67 61 69 6e 20 2e 2e 2e  20 0d 0a 00 00 00 00 00  |gain ... .......|
000000e0  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |................|
*
000001f0  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 55 aa  |..............U.|
00000200
Partition 1 does not start on physical sector boundary.

=================== df -Th:

Filesystem     Type      Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
udev           devtmpfs  3.9G     0  3.9G   0% /dev
tmpfs          tmpfs     793M  2.0M  791M   1% /run
/dev/sda1      ext4      458G   18G  418G   4% /
tmpfs          tmpfs     3.9G  318M  3.6G   9% /dev/shm
tmpfs          tmpfs     5.0M  4.0K  5.0M   1% /run/lock
tmpfs          tmpfs     3.9G     0  3.9G   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
/dev/loop1     squashfs   13M   13M     0 100% /snap/gnome-characters/103
/dev/loop0     squashfs  2.4M  2.4M     0 100% /snap/gnome-calculator/199
/dev/loop4     squashfs   13M   13M     0 100% /snap/gnome-characters/117
/dev/loop9     squashfs   15M   15M     0 100% /snap/gnome-logs/40
/dev/loop2     squashfs  141M  141M     0 100% /snap/gnome-3-26-1604/70
/dev/loop3     squashfs  2.4M  2.4M     0 100% /snap/gnome-calculator/180
/dev/loop8     squashfs  3.8M  3.8M     0 100% /snap/gnome-system-monitor/51
/dev/loop7     squashfs   87M   87M     0 100% /snap/core/4917
/dev/loop10    squashfs  3.8M  3.8M     0 100% /snap/gnome-system-monitor/54
/dev/loop12    squashfs   35M   35M     0 100% /snap/gtk-common-themes/319
/dev/loop13    squashfs   15M   15M     0 100% /snap/gnome-logs/37
/dev/loop11    squashfs   88M   88M     0 100% /snap/core/5328
/dev/loop5     squashfs  114M  114M     0 100% /snap/termius-app/16
/dev/loop6     squashfs  198M  198M     0 100% /snap/vlc/365
/dev/nvme0n1p2 vfat       95M   29M   67M  31% /boot/efi
tmpfs          tmpfs     793M   88K  793M   1% /run/user/1000
/dev/sdd1      vfat      7.3G  158M  7.1G   3% /media/thebishop/8go
/dev/nvme0n1p1 fuseblk   499M  377M  123M  76% /mnt/boot-sav/nvme0n1p1
/dev/nvme0n1p4 fuseblk   119G   24G   96G  20% /mnt/boot-sav/nvme0n1p4
/dev/sdc1      vfat      1.9G  1.9G   44M  98% /mnt/boot-sav/sdc1

=================== fdisk -l:
Disk /dev/loop0: 2.3 MiB, 2433024 bytes, 4752 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/loop1: 13 MiB, 13619200 bytes, 26600 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/loop2: 140.9 MiB, 147722240 bytes, 288520 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/loop3: 2.3 MiB, 2433024 bytes, 4752 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/loop4: 13 MiB, 13619200 bytes, 26600 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/loop5: 114 MiB, 119472128 bytes, 233344 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/loop6: 198 MiB, 207585280 bytes, 405440 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/loop7: 86.9 MiB, 91099136 bytes, 177928 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/nvme0n1: 119.2 GiB, 128035676160 bytes, 250069680 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disklabel type: gpt
Disk identifier: C30982FF-49DC-4A08-8DE3-462E6958AB12

Device           Start       End   Sectors   Size Type
/dev/nvme0n1p1    2048   1023999   1021952   499M Windows recovery environment
/dev/nvme0n1p2 1024000   1226751    202752    99M EFI System
/dev/nvme0n1p3 1226752   1259519     32768    16M Microsoft reserved
/dev/nvme0n1p4 1259520 250068991 248809472 118.7G Microsoft basic data


Disk /dev/sda: 465.8 GiB, 500107862016 bytes, 976773168 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disklabel type: gpt
Disk identifier: 5C5B9A88-4A1D-4112-ADAA-1B522CED33D6

Device     Start       End   Sectors   Size Type
/dev/sda1   2048 976771071 976769024 465.8G Linux filesystem


Disk /dev/sdb: 931.5 GiB, 1000204886016 bytes, 1953525168 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disklabel type: gpt
Disk identifier: 6EC723D0-3D3D-11E8-A830-309C238A523D

Device     Start        End    Sectors   Size Type
/dev/sdb1     34      32767      32734    16M Microsoft reserved
/dev/sdb2  32768 1953523711 1953490944 931.5G Microsoft Storage Spaces





Disk /dev/sdc: 1.9 GiB, 2002747392 bytes, 3911616 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disklabel type: dos
Disk identifier: 0x00116f70

Device     Boot Start     End Sectors  Size Id Type
/dev/sdc1  *     2048 3911615 3909568  1.9G  c W95 FAT32 (LBA)


Disk /dev/loop8: 3.7 MiB, 3887104 bytes, 7592 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/loop9: 14.5 MiB, 15196160 bytes, 29680 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/loop10: 3.7 MiB, 3887104 bytes, 7592 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/loop11: 87.9 MiB, 92164096 bytes, 180008 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/loop12: 34.7 MiB, 36323328 bytes, 70944 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/loop13: 14.5 MiB, 15196160 bytes, 29680 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes


Disk /dev/sdd: 7.2 GiB, 7757398016 bytes, 15151168 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disklabel type: dos
Disk identifier: 0x1474b54c

Device     Boot Start      End  Sectors  Size Id Type
/dev/sdd1  *       64 15151167 15151104  7.2G  c W95 FAT32 (LBA)




=================== Suggested repair
The default repair of the Boot-Repair utility would purge (in order to sign-grub) and reinstall the grub-efi-amd64-signed of sda1, using the following options:        sdd1/boot/efi,
Additional repair would be performed: unhide-bootmenu-10s   fix-windows-boot use-standard-efi-file


=================== Final advice in case of suggested repair
N'oubliez pas de régler votre BIOS pour qu'il amorce sur le fichier sdd1/efi/.../grub*.efi !

Si votre ordinateur redémarre directement sur Windows, essayez de changer l'ordre de démarrage dans votre BIOS.
Si votre BIOS ne permet pas de changer l'ordre de démarrage, changez l'entrée de démarrage par défaut de l'amorceur Windows.
Par exemple, vous pouvez démarrer Windows, puis saisir la commande suivante dans une invite de commande en mode administrateur :
bcdedit /set {bootmgr} path \EFI\...\grub*.efi


=================== User settings
The settings chosen by the user will not act on the boot.

On y voit dans la partie "efibootmgr -v" que le démarrage par défaut se faisait sur Windows. La modif proposée par ?? dans le post #5 a modifié l'ordre de démarrage afin que la priorité de démarrage soit sur l'entrée 0001 (ubuntu) au lieu de l'entrée 0000 (Windows Boot Manager)

EDIT : je remarque l'utilisation du paramètre de noyau "iommu=soft" dans cet extrait :

BOOT_IMAGE=/boot/vmlinuz-4.15.0-33-generic root=UUID=e0e3f453-f24e-4c27-b9fe-17f8b2ea80f9 ro quiet iommu=soft splash vt.handoff=1

Je sais que c'est volontaire puisque tu t'en es expliqué dans ce post : https://forum.ubuntu-fr.org/viewtopic.p … #p21963464
Sauf que ce paramètre n’apparaît pas dans le fichier /etc/default/grub et je ne sais pas trop comment tu as procédé pour qu'il apparaisse dans ton fichier de configuration de Grub. Je crains le pire : as-tu utilisé Grub Customizer pour ajouter "iommu=soft" ? Sinon comment as-tu fait ?

Dernière modification par malbo (Le 17/09/2018, à 09:37)

Hors ligne

#8 Le 18/09/2018, à 11:36

bishoupa

Re : [Résolu] Windows 10 se lance à la place de grub

J'ai effectivement utilisé Grub Customizer pour que ce paramètre soit conservé au redémarrage. Je n'aurais pas du ?


Ubuntu Enthusiast

Hors ligne

#9 Le 18/09/2018, à 11:59

malbo

Re : [Résolu] Windows 10 se lance à la place de grub

Je fais systématiquement du dénigrement de Grub Customizer. Dans le cas présent, je ne sais pas où il est aller planquer son paramétrage mais la bonne solution, c'était d'agir sur le fichier /etc/default/grub pour ajouter le paramètre "iommu=soft" dans la ligne GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT pour remplacer "quiet splash" par "quiet splash iommu=soft". C'était la solution propre mais ce n'est pas ce que fait Grub Customizer...

Hors ligne

#10 Le 18/09/2018, à 12:07

bishoupa

Re : [Résolu] Windows 10 se lance à la place de grub

D'accord, merci pour le tuyau, je vais le faire également


Ubuntu Enthusiast

Hors ligne

#11 Le 18/09/2018, à 12:19

malbo

Re : [Résolu] Windows 10 se lance à la place de grub

Je ne pense pas que ce soit une bonne idée. La bonne idée, ça aurait été de ne pas commencer à utiliser cette merde de Grub Customizer mas maintenant que c'est fait, il vaut mieux ne rien changer.

Hors ligne